Anexo:Agentes del Grupo 1 de IARC - Cancerígenos para humanos

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Sustancias, mezclas, y circunstancias de exposición en esta lista han sido clasificadas como Grupo 1 por la Centro Internacional de Investigaciones sobre el Cáncer (IARC por sus siglas en inglés: International Agency for Research on Cancer): El agente (mezcla) es cancerígeno para los humanos.[1]​ Las circunstancias de exposición implican exposiciones que son cancerígenas para los humanos. Esta categoría se utiliza cuando hay evidencia suficiente de carcinogenicidad en humanos. Excepcionalmente, un agente (mezcla) puede ser colocado en esta categoría cuando la evidencia de carcinogenicidad en los humanos es menos que suficiente pero hay evidencia suficiente de carcinogenicidad en animales de laboratorio y evidencia fuerte en humanos expuestos de que el agente (mezcla) actúa a través de un mecanismo de carcinogenicidad.


Condiciones contagiosas[editar]




Sustancias químicas[editar]

Agentes físicos

Agentes/mixtos complejos[editar]



Circunstancias de exposición[editar]


  1. This evaluation applies to the group of compounds as a whole and not necessarily to all individual compounds within the group.
  2. Evaluated as a group.
  3. Ethanol is not carcinogenic, but is metabolised to acetaldehyde, which is carcinogenic.
  4. There is also conclusive evidence that this agent (tamoxifen) reduces the risk of contralateral breast cancer.
  5. Specific radionuclides for which there is sufficient evidence for carcinogenicity to humans are also listed individually as Group 1 agents.
  6. There is also conclusive evidence that these agents have a protective effect against cancers of the ovary and endometrium.


  1. «List of Classifications, Agents classified by the IARC Monographs, Volumes 1–124». IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Risk to Humans. IARC. 7 de julio de 2019. Consultado el 14 de julio de 2019. 
  2. «IARC: IARC STRENGTHENS ITS FINDINGS ON SEVERAL CARCINOGENIC PERSONAL HABITS AND HOUSEHOLD EXPOSURES» (Press release). International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Consultado el 1 de agosto de 2014. «November 2, 2009 ‐‐ IARC has updated the cancer assessments of several personal habits and household exposures that cause cancer, including tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, and household coal smoke. The update was conducted with the advice of 30 scientists from 10 countries who met at IARC in October 2009. [...] The Working Group concluded that acetaldehyde associated with alcohol consumption is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) and confirmed the classification in Group 1 of alcohol consumption and of ethanol in alcoholic beverages. » 
  3. «IARC: DIESEL ENGINE EXHAUST CARCINOGENIC» (Press release). International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Consultado el 14 de agosto de 2016. «June 12, 2012 ‐‐ After a week-long meeting of international experts, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), today classified diesel engine exhaust as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), based on sufficient evidence that exposure is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer ». 
  4. «IARC Monographs evaluate consumption of red meat and processed meat». Consultado el 26 de octubre de 2015. 

Enlaces externos[editar]