Orden del Elefante

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Collar de la Orden del Elefante.

La Orden del Elefante (en danés: Elefantordenen) es una orden de caballería, la más alta distinción del Reino de Dinamarca.

Historia[editar]

Fue instituida el 1 de diciembre de 1693 por el Rey Cristian V, y desde entonces los monarcas daneses son la cabeza administrativa de la misma. Sus estatutos fueron enmendados en 1958 por una Ordenanza Real que estableció que las mujeres también pueden formar parte de la orden.

Destino[editar]

La orden es usada por los miembros de la familia real danesa. También es concedida a jefes de Estado extranjeros. En circunstancias muy excepcionales, puede ser concedida a personas que no sean dignatarios. La última persona en ostentar la orden, sin ser miembro de la realeza o dignatario, fue el señor Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, empresario industrial y filántropo.

Grados[editar]

La orden del Elefante tiene sólo una clase: caballero de la Orden del Elefante.

Current Knights of the Elephant listed by date of appointment[editar] 20 April 1947: Princess Benedikte of Denmark 20 April 1947: Queen Anne Marie, Former Queen Consort of Greece, Princess of Denmark (then Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark) 16 November 1947: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (then Princess Elizabeth) 16 November 1947: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 8 August 1953: Emperor Akihito of Japan 5 March 1957: Prince Mikasa of Japan 21 February 1958: King Harald V of Norway 21 April 1958: King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand 6 September 1960: Queen Sirikit of Thailand 17 February 1961: Count Ingolf of Rosenborg, former Prince of Denmark 4 January 1962: King Constantine II, former King of the Hellenes 11 March 1962: Princess Elisabeth of Denmark 3 May 1963: Empress Farah, former Empress of Iran 11 September 1964: Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark 11 September 1964: Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark 12 January 1965: King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden 28 September 1965: Prince Hitachi of Japan 10 June 1967: Prince Henrik of Denmark 3 February 1968: Prince Richard of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg 18 June 1968: King Albert II of the Belgians 14 January 1972: Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark 14 January 1972: Prince Joachim of Denmark 16 January 1973: Princess Christina, Mrs Magnusson 12 February 1973: Queen Sonja of Norway 30 April 1974: Charles, Prince of Wales 29 October 1975: Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands (former Queen of the Netherlands, then Princess Beatrix, Princess of Orange) 22 November 1976: Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg 12 October 1978: Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, former President of the French Republic 17 March 1980: King Juan Carlos I of Spain 17 March 1980: Queen Sofía of Spain 25 February 1981: Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, former President of the Republic of Iceland 20 April 1983: Mauno Henrik Koivisto, former President of the Republic of Finland 25 June 1984: António Santos Ramalho Eanes, former President of the Portuguese Republic 3 September 1985: Queen Silvia of Sweden 19 February 1986: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak, former President of the Arab Republic of Egypt 20 July 1991: Crown Prince Haakon of Norway 6 May 1992: Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares, former President of the Portuguese Republic 9 August 1992: The Prince of Hanover 13 October 1992: Princess Märtha Louise of Norway 5 July 1993: Lech Wałęsa, former President of the Republic of Poland 7 September 1994: Martti Ahtisaari, former President of the Republic of Finland 16 May 1995: Queen Paola of the Belgians 14 July 1995: Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden 17 November 1995: Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg 18 November 1996: Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of the Republic of Iceland 14 January 1997: Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece, Prince of Denmark 18 March 1997: Guntis Ulmanis, former President of the Republic of Latvia 31 January 1998: King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands 27 April 1998: Queen Noor al-Hussein of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2 June 1998: Empress Michiko of Japan 3 May 1999: Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President of the Federative Republic of Brazil 23 May 2000: Emil Constantinescu, former President of the Republic of Romania 17 October 2000: Petar Stoyanov, former President of the Republic of Bulgaria 7 February 2001: Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn of Thailand 3 April 2001: Tarja Halonen, President of the Republic of Finland 10 October 2001: Milan Kučan, former President of the Republic of Slovenia 28 May 2002: Prince Philippe of Belgium, Duke of Brabant 20 October 2003: Grand Duke Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg 20 October 2003: Grand Duchess Maria Teresa 16 March 2004: Ion Iliescu, former President of Romania 9 May 2004: Crown Princess Mary of Denmark 16 November 2004: Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan 29 March 2006: Georgi Parvanov, former President of the Republic of Bulgaria 24 May 2006: Karolos Papoulias, former President of Greece 12 September 2007: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, former President of the Federative Republic of Brazil[9] 18 February 2008: Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, former President of Mexico 24 May 2008: Princess Marie of Denmark, wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark[10] 11 May 2011: Lee Myung-bak, former President of South Korea 23 October 2012: Ivan Gašparovič, former President of Slovakia 4 April 2013: Sauli Niinistö, current President of Finland 21 October 2014: Ivo Josipović, former President of Croatia 17 March 2015: Queen Máxima of the Netherlands 13 April 2016: Enrique Peña Nieto, President of the United Mexican States.

Enlaces externos[editar]