Orden del Elefante

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Collar de la Orden del Elefante.

La Orden del Elefante (en danés: Elefantordenen) es una orden de caballería, la más alta distinción del Reino de Dinamarca.

Historia[editar]

Fue instituida el 1 de diciembre de 1693 por el Rey Cristian V, y desde entonces los monarcas daneses son la cabeza administrativa de la misma. Sus estatutos fueron enmendados en 1958 por una Ordenanza Real que estableció que las mujeres también pueden formar parte de la orden.

Destino[editar]

La orden es usada por los miembros de la familia real danesa. También es concedida a jefes de Estado extranjeros. En circunstancias muy excepcionales, puede ser concedida a personas que no sean dignatarios. La última persona en ostentar la orden, sin ser miembro de la realeza o dignatario, fue el señor Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, empresario industrial y filántropo.

Grados[editar]

La orden del Elefante tiene sólo una clase: caballero de la Orden del Elefante.

Lista de Caballeros de la orden del Elefante en la actualidad:

  • 20 de abril de 1947: Princess Benedikte of Denmark
  • 20 de abril de 1947: Queen Anne Marie, Former Queen Consort of Greece, Princess of Denmark (then Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark)
  • 16 de noviembre de 1947: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (then Princess Elizabeth)
  • 16 November 1947: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 8 August 1953: Emperor Akihito of Japan
  • 21 February 1958: King Harald V of Norway
  • 21 April 1958: King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand
  • 6 September 1960: Queen Sirikit of Thailand
  • 17 February 1961: Count Ingolf of Rosenborg, former Prince of Denmark
  • 4 January 1962: King Constantine II, former King of the Hellenes
  • 11 March 1962: Princess Elisabeth of Denmark
  • 3 May 1963: Empress Farah, former Empress of Iran
  • 11 September 1964: Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark
  • 11 September 1964: Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark
  • 12 January 1965: King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • 28 September 1965: Prince Hitachi of Japan
  • 10 June 1967: Prince Henrik of Denmark
  • 3 February 1968: Prince Richard of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • 18 June 1968: King Albert II of the Belgians
  • 14 January 1972: Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
  • 14 January 1972: Prince Joachim of Denmark
  • 16 January 1973: Princess Christina, Mrs Magnusson
  • 12 February 1973: Queen Sonja of Norway
  • 30 April 1974: Charles, Prince of Wales
  • 29 October 1975: Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands (former Queen of the Netherlands, then Princess Beatrix, Princess of Orange)
  • 22 November 1976: Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
  • 12 October 1978: Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, former President of the French Republic
  • 17 March 1980: King Juan Carlos I of Spain
  • 17 March 1980: Queen Sofía of Spain
  • 25 February 1981: Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, former President of the Republic of Iceland
  • 20 April 1983: Mauno Henrik Koivisto, former President of the Republic of Finland
  • 25 June 1984: António Santos Ramalho Eanes, former President of the Portuguese Republic
  • 3 September 1985: Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • 19 February 1986: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak, former President of the Arab Republic of Egypt
  • 20 July 1991: Crown Prince Haakon of Norway
  • 6 May 1992: Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares, former President of the Portuguese Republic
  • 9 August 1992: The Prince of Hanover
  • 13 October 1992: Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
  • 5 July 1993: Lech Wałęsa, former President of the Republic of Poland
  • 7 September 1994: Martti Ahtisaari, former President of the Republic of Finland
  • 16 May 1995: Queen Paola of the Belgians
  • 14 July 1995: Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden
  • 17 November 1995: Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg
  • 18 November 1996: Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of the Republic of Iceland
  • 14 January 1997: Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece, Prince of Denmark
  • 18 March 1997: Guntis Ulmanis, former President of the Republic of Latvia
  • 31 January 1998: King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
  • 27 April 1998: Queen Noor al-Hussein of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • 2 June 1998: Empress Michiko of Japan
  • 3 May 1999: Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President of the Federative Republic of Brazil
  • 23 May 2000: Emil Constantinescu, former President of the Republic of Romania
  • 17 October 2000: Petar Stoyanov, former President of the Republic of Bulgaria
  • 7 February 2001: Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn of Thailand
  • 3 April 2001: Tarja Halonen, President of the Republic of Finland
  • 10 October 2001: Milan Kučan, former President of the Republic of Slovenia
  • 28 May 2002: Prince Philippe of Belgium, Duke of Brabant
  • 20 October 2003: Grand Duke Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 20 October 2003: Grand Duchess Maria Teresa
  • 16 March 2004: Ion Iliescu, former President of Romania
  • 9 May 2004: Crown Princess Mary of Denmark
  • 16 November 2004: Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan
  • 29 March 2006: Georgi Parvanov, former President of the Republic of Bulgaria
  • 24 May 2006: Karolos Papoulias, former President of Greece
  • 12 September 2007: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, former President of the Federative Republic of Brazil[9]
  • 18 February 2008: Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, former President of Mexico
  • 24 May 2008: Princess Marie of Denmark, wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark[10]
  • 11 May 2011: Lee Myung-bak, former President of South Korea
  • 23 October 2012: Ivan Gašparovič, former President of Slovakia
  • 4 April 2013: Sauli Niinistö, current President of Finland
  • 21 October 2014: Ivo Josipović, former President of Croatia
  • 17 March 2015: Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
  • 13 April 2016: Enrique Peña Nieto, President of the United Mexican States.

Enlaces externos[editar]