Anexo:Población histórica de los pueblos indígenas de la América Anglosajona

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Zonas culturales amerindias en América del Norte, incluyendo la zona ártica de los inuits.

Población por zonas culturales[editar]

Lenguas indígenas de América del Norte.

Zona ártica[editar]

Pueblo
(filiación)
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(desde 1901)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Zona ártica 100.000 (inicios s. XVIII)[1]
(incluyendo zona sub-ártica)
Aleutas[2]
(Esquimo-aleutas)
16.000 (1740) 2.247 (1834)
1.400 (1848)
2.000 (1877)
1.702 (1890)
1.451 (1910)
2.200 (2000)[3]
Inuit[4]
  • Kalaallit
  • Inuvialuit
  • Inupiat

(Esq.-ale.)

40.000 (1740) 4.000 (1900) 16.000 (1981)
18.000 (2000)
Yupik
  • Alutiiq
    (Sugpiaq, Yupik del Pacífico)
  • Yupiit
    (Yupik de Alaska Central)

(Esq.-ale.)

10.000-20.000 al. (1770)[5]
15.000-18.000 yu. (1800)[6]
2.000 al. (1850)[5] 5.000 al. (1990)[5]

Zona sub-ártica[editar]

Pueblo
(filiación)
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(desde 1901)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Zona sub-ártica 60.000 (s. XVIII)[7]
Ahtna[8]
(Na-dené)
500 (1740) 567 (1818)
142 (1890)
297 (1910)
800 (2000)
Anishinaabe

(Alg.)

35.000 (1600)[9][10] 25.000[11]​-30.000[10]​(1764)
15.000 (1783-94)[11]
30.000 (1843)[10][11]
28.000 (1851)[11]
30.000-32.000 (1905)[11]
190.000 (2000)[10]
4.000 (1659)[12]
Atikamekw[13]
(Na-de.)
500-600 (1650) 4.779 (2005)
Cree
Monsoni

(Algonquinos)
15.000 cr. (1600)[14]
5.000 mo. (1600)[14]
20.000 cr. (1670)
(incluyendo maskegon)[15]
15.000 cr. (1670)[14]
15.000[16]​-20.000 cr. (1776)[15]
18.000 cr. (1800)[15]
3.000 cr. (1809)[17]
12.500 cr. (1860)[17]
11.503 cr. (1863)[17]
7.000 cr. (1871)[17]
6.766 cr. (1896)[17]
12.000 cr. (1900)[15]
2.500-3.000 cr. (s. XIX)[16]
15.000 cr. (1906)[16]
153.000 cr. (2000)[15]
Dakelh
(Carrier)[18]

(Na-de.)

6.000 (1700) 5.000 (1780)
4.500 (1800)
3.600 (1806)
1.600 (1889)
1.551 (1902)
1.614 (1909)
12.250 (2005)
Deg Hit’an
(Deg Xinag, Degexit’an,
Kaiyuhkhotana, Ingalik)[19]
(Na-de.)
1.500 (1700) 1.500 (1800) 1.500 (1832)
900 (1844)
600 (1900)
600 (1910)
800 (2000)
Dena’ina
(Tanaina)[20]
(Na-de.)
4.500 (1700) 1.500 (1800) 1.471 (1818)
25.000 (1869)
(probable exageración)[21]
724 (1890)
900 (1910)
800 (2000)
Danezaa
(Beaver, Dunneza, Tsattine)[22]
(Na-de.)
900 (1800) 800 (1859)
700 (1900)
2.147 (2005)
Gwich’in
(Kutchin, Loucheux)[23]
(Na-de.)
2.900 (1740) 5.400 (1850)
1.000 (1860)
1.400 (2000)
Haida[24]
(Na-de.)
9.800 (1780)
9.000 (1800)
8.428 (1836)
8.328 (1841)
1.700-2.000 (1880)
2.500 (1888)
637 (1889)
593 (1895)
788 (1902)
530 (1910)
588 (1915)
1.600 (2000)
Hän
(Dawson, Han-Kutchin,
Moosehide, Loucheaux)[25]
(Na-de.)
1.400 (1740) 2.600 (1850)
500 (1900)
2.009 (2005)
Innu
(Montagnais)
Naskapi
(Alg.)
10.000 (1534)[26]
5.500 (1600)[27]
3.500 (1770)[27] 1.500 (1812)[27]
3.910 (1857)[27]
2.000 (1884)[26]
2.138 (1906)[27]
23.000 (2000)[27]
1.000 in. (1534)[28]
Kaska
(Kaska Dena)[29]
(Na-de.)
500 (1820)
200 (1900)
238 (1914)
700 (2000)
Kolchan
(Alto Kuskokwim, Goltsan)[30]
(Na-de.)
300 (1700) 300 (1800) 50 (1900) 68 (1910)
150 (2000)
Koyukon[31]
(Na-de.)
1.500 (1700) 1.500 (1800) 1.100 (1848)
1.300 (1900)
2.500 (2000)
Mountain[32]
(Na-de.)
+105 (1827)
+301 (1829)
435 (1858)
(incluyendo kaska)
+100 (1908)
+87 (1971)
+30 (1827)
+90 (1829)
90 (1858)
(incluyendo kaska)
Sekani[33]
(Na-de.)
5.700 (1700) 3.200 (1780) 1.000 (1820)
500 (1893)
160 (1923)
1.075 (2005)
Tagish
(Tagish Khwaán)[34]
(Na-de.)
100 (1800) 75 (1887)
100 (1910)
428 (2005)
Tahltan
(Nahanni, Mountain Dene)[35]
(Na-de.)
600 (1700) 600 (1800) 433 (1858)
200 (1900)
229 (1909)[36]
202 (1914)
87 (2005)
Tanana[37]
  • Lower Tanana
    • Tanacross
  • Middle Tanana
  • Upper Tanana
  • Nabesna

(Na-de.)

500 (1740) 700 (1880)
370 (1898)
415 (1910)
700 (2000)
Tasttine
(Beaver, Danezaa,
Dunneza, Tsattine)[38]
(Na-de.)
900 (1800) 800 (1859)
700 (1900)
2.147 (2005)
Tlingit
(Tlinkit, Lingít, Koulischen)[39]
(Na-de.)
10.000 (1740)
8.000 (1800)
5.850 (1835)
5.455 (1839)
8.597 (1861)
6.793 (1880)
4.583 (1890)
4.426 (1910)
3.895 (1920)
4.462 (1930)
11.000 (2000)[40]
Tsetsaut[41]
(Na-de.)
500 (1830)
12 (1895)
12 (1885)[42]
Tsilhqot’in
(Chilcotin)
(Na-de.)
2.500 (1780)[43] 600 (1837)[44] 450 (1906)[43]
2.406 (2005)[44]
Tutchone
(Na-de.)
  • Sureños
  • Norteños
1.100 (1770)[45] 1.000 (1910)[46]
Dené
Yellowknife[47]
(Na-de.)
430 (1670)
450 (1700)
300 (1800) 219 (1859)
500 (1900)
500 (1906)
13.011 (2005)
Sahtú
(Sahtú Dene, North Slavey,
Kawchottine, Deline)[48]
(Na-de.)
750 (1670) 467 (1858)
422 (1867)
520 (1921)
759 (2005)
Slavey
(Slave, Hare)[49]
(Na-de.)
1.250 (1670) 1.023 (1858)
1.631 (1881)
1.400 (1900)
1.230 (1921)
7.541 (2005)
Tli Cho
(Dogrib, Tai Cho)[50]
(Na-de.)
1.250 (1670) 926 (1853)
711 (1893)
700 (1906)
2.298 (2005)
Chipewyan
(Dené Soliné)
(Na-de.)
3.500 (1670)[51] 3.500 (1800)[51] 7.500 (1812)[52] 2.420 (1923)[51]
8.358 (2005)[51]

Noroeste[editar]

Meseta[editar]

Pueblo
(filiación)
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(desde 1901)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Costa y meseta del Noroeste 200.000 (s. XVIII)[1]
(comienzos de la colonización)
50.000-60.000 en
la meseta (1750)[53]
100.000 en la costa (1750)[54]

37.000 (1770)[55]
(costa de Washington)
26.000-28.000 (1780)[55]
(costa de Washington)

16.000 (1805)[56]
(costa de Oregón)

9.000 (1850)[55]
(costa de Washington)


30.000 (1862)[57]
(Costa entre sur de
Alaska y Washington)

15.000 (1863)[57]
(costa entre sur de
Alaska y Washington)

Tribus chinukanas 16.000 (1806)[58]
Cathlamet
(Kathlamet)[59]
(Chinukanos superiores)
500 (1700)[60] 450 (1780)[60] 300 (1806)
50-60 (1849)
Clackamas[61]
  • Cathlapotle
  • Clackamas
  • Clowewalla
  • Multnomah
    (Wappato)
  • Watlala

(Chi. S.)

11.500 (1780) 9.000 (1806)
500 (1900)
2.000 (2001)
Chinook
Clatsop

(Chehalis, Satsop)[62]
(Chinukanos inferiores)
1.100 (1780) 700 (1806)
700 cl. (1806)
38 casas cl. (1806)
300 (1851)
168 cl. (1904)
Wasco-Wishram
(Chi. S.)
1.500 wi. (s. XVIII)[63]
3.200 wa. (1780)
(incluyendo watlalas)[64]
2.800 wa. (1805-06)
(incluyendo watlalas)[64]
1.400 wa. (1812)
(incluyendo watlalas)[64]
900 wa. (1822)[65]
200 wa. (1855)[65]
242 wa. (1910)[59]
260 wa. (1945)[59]
10 wi. (1962)[66]
Shahala[67]
(Chin. S.)
2.800 (1805)
62 casas (1805)
Salishanos
  • Interior
  • Costeros[68]
12.600 co. (1774) 5.000 co. (1850)
2.000 co. (1885)
10.378 in. (1909)[69]
8.474 co. (1909)[69]
18.000 co. (1985)
Coeur d’Alene[70]
(Skitswish)
(Sal.)
5.000 (1700) 1.000 (1780)
3.000-4.000 (1780)[71]
700 (1800)
500 (1900) 494 (1904)
608 (1937)
1.650 (2003)
Colville[72]
  • Chelan
  • Entiat

(Sal.)

3.000 (1700) 2.500 (1800) 2.500 (1806)
130 casas (1806)
2.000 (1900)
321 (1904)
1.645 (1905)
8.700 (2005)
Bitteroot[73]
(Sal.)
350 (1850)
60 casas (1850)
Kutenai
(Kootenai, Ktunaxa)[74]
(Sal.)
1.200 (1780) 400-500 (1890) 554 (1905)
2.500 (2000)
Kalispel
(Pend Oreille)
(Sal.)
5.000-6.500 (s. XVI)[75] 3.000 (1700)[76] 1.200 (1780)[75] 1.600 (1805)[75]
30 casas (1805)[75]
1.000 (1900)[76]
837 (1905)[75]
564 (1910)[75]
97 (1937)[75]
300 (2000)[76]
Methow[77]
(Sal.)
800 (1780) 324 (1907)
Salishanos del río Thompson[78]
(Sal.)
4.000 (1808) 1.782 (1910)
Okanagan
(Okanagan)
(Sal.)
2.000[79]​-3.000 (1780)[80] 1.516 (1905)[79][80]
688 (2004)[79]
Secwepemc
(Shuswap)[81]
(Sal.)
5.300 (1780) 7.200 (1850) 2.185 (1903)
8.475 (2005)
Sinixt
(Lake, Senijextee)
(Sal.)
500 (1780)[82] 3.000 (1837)[83]
400 (1846)[83]
239 (1872)[82]
785 (1910)[82]
Sinkiuse
(Columbia, Sinkyone)[84]
(Sal.)
800 (1780)
10.000 (1780)
(incluyendo Pisquow)
500 (1800)
350 (1900) 355 (1905)
299 (1908)
Spokane[85] 1.400 (1700) 1.000 (1800) 600 (1805)
30 casas (1805)
450 (1853)
595 (1905)
647 (1909)
2.153 (2004)
Lillooet (Liloot)
  • Lil’wat (Lillooet Inferior)
  • St’at Imc (Lillooet Superior)[86]

(Sal.)

4.000 (1780) 1.600 (1904)
4.704 (2005)
Wenatchi
(Wenatchee)[87]
(Sal.)
1.400 (1700) 850 (1800) 820 (1805) 52 (1910)[88]
Sanpoil[89]
(Sal.)
800-1.700 (1780) 1.300 (1850) 365 (1905)
286 (1910)
245 (1913)
Sahaptianas
Cayuses
Umatillas
Walla Walla

(Salishanos.)
8.000 (1800)[90] 1.600 wa. (1805)[91]
250 um. (1855)[91]
404 ca. (1904)[92]
461 (1910)[91]
Cowlitz[93]
(Sal.)
300 (1700) 250 (1800) 165 (1853)[94]
127 (1877)
150 (1900)
105 (1910)
1.400 (2000)
Nez percé[95]
(Sap.)
7.850 (1805)
3.000 (1849)
1.700 (1853)
1.437 (1885)
1.616 (1906) 1.000 (1855)[96]
Tribus de Warm Springs[97]
  • Alto Deschutes (Tygh)
  • Bajo Deschutes (Wyam)
  • Tenino
  • John Day (Dock-spus)
  • Skinpah (Skin)

(Sal.)

3.600 (1780) 460 (1937)
Wanapum
(Wanapam)[98]
(Sal.)
1.800 (1780) 200 (1900) 40 (1980)
60 (1997)
50 (2000)
Yakama
(Yakima)[99]
(Sal.)
3.000 (1780) 1.200 (1806)[100] 1.900 (1909)[100]
2.939 (1923)
8.870 (2004)
Otros
Palus
(Palouse)[101]
(¿Sha.?)
5.400 (1780)
2.000 (1800)
1.600 (1805)
500 (1854)
82 (1910)
200 (2000)
Klamath
(Lutuami)
800-1.200 (1780)[102][103] 755 (1905)[102]
696 (1906)[103]
3.500 (2000)[103]
Kalapuya
(Calapuya)
  • Aftalati
    (Tualatin)
  • Río Mohawk
  • Santiam
  • Yaquina

(Kalapuyas)

3.000 (1780)[104]
4.000-20.000 (1782)[105]
400-2.000 (1833)[105]
351 (1881)[104]
164 (1890)[104]
130 (1905)[104]
25 (1906)[106]
45 (1930)[104]
Modoc
(Lut.)
800 (1780)[107] 279 (1905)[108]
Molala
(Molalla, Molale, Molele)[109]
(Pen.)
500 (1780) 100 (1849)
20 (1877)
31 (1910)[110]
Nisqually
(Sal.)
3.600 (1780)[111]
1.200 (1780)
(Muckleshoot, Puyallup)[112]
1.100-1.200 (1097)[111]
62 (1937)[111]
1.000 (1856)
(incluyendo aliados)[113]

Costa[editar]

Pueblo
(filiación)
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(desde 1901)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Alseas
Yaquinas

(Pen.)
3.060 (1774)[114]
6.000 (1774-80)[114][115]
3.000-5.000 (1780)[116]
1.400 (1800)[117]
1.700 (1806)[116]
1.800 (1875)[116]
55 (1910)[116]
12 (1961)[116]
Bella Bella
(Heiltsuk)[118]
(Wak.)
2.000 (1780) 367 (1889)
204 (1890)
852 (1906)
2.870 (2005)
Bella Coola
(Nuxalk)[119]
(Wak.)
1.400 (1780) 300 (1900) 311 (1902)
900 (2000)
Rogue River

(Sah.)

2.000 sh. (1770)[122]
3.300-5.900 sh. (1770)[123]
500 ta.-la. (1780)
3.700 co. (1800)

1.000 (1770)
(New River, Konomihu,
Okwanuchu y Chimariko)
[124]

8.000 co. (inicios s. XIX)[125]
1.200 co. (1856)
60 ta.-la. (1856)[126]
200 co. (1900)
100 sh. (1910)[127]
104 ta.-la. (1937)
800 co. (2000)
Chimakum
(Chemakum, Chimacum, Aqokúlo)[128]
(Chimaku)
400 (1780) 90 (1855) 3 (1910)
Chetco[129]
(Ata.)
300 (1800) 241 (1854)
262 (1861)
63 (1877)
200 (2000)
Chinook
(Chinukanas)
800[130]​-1.100 (1780)[131] 400 (1805)[130]
700 (1806)[131]
300 (1851)[131]
112 (1885)[130]
36 (1931)[130]
Comox
(K'omoks, Sliammon)[132]
(Sal.)
2.700 (1700) 1.800 (1780)[133] 350 (1900) 324 (1906)
1.547 (2005)
Coos
  • Hanis
  • Miluk

(kusanos)

2.000 (1780)[134] 1.500 ha. (1805)[134]
200 (1900)[135]
93 ha. (1910)[134]
700 (2000)[135]
Coquille[136]
  • Superiores
    (Mishikhwutmetunne)
  • Inferiores

(Ata.)

3.700 (1700) 200 (1900) 15 su. (1910)[137]
800 (2000)
Cowichan[138]
  • Quwutsun
  • Somena
  • Quamichan

(Sal.)

5.500 (1780) 1.300 (1900) 8.347 (2005)
Duwamish[139]
(Sal.)
300 (1800) 64-312 (1856) 20 (1910)
50 (2000)
Gitxsan
(Gitskan, Gitsan)[140]
(Na-de.)
1.200 (s. XVIII) 1.120 (1904)
5.403 (2001)
Haisla[141]
  • Haihai
  • Kimsquit
  • Kitimaat

(Wakash)

700 (1780) 852 (1906)
1.388 (2001)
Hoh[142]
(Chim.)
100 (1800) 62 (1905)
147 (2000)
Klallam
(Clallam, Callam)[143]
(Sal.)
800 (1854) 336 (1904)
Klickitat
(Klikitat)[144]
(Pen.)
600 (1780) 700 (1806) 450 (1910)[145]
Kwalhioqua[146]
(Ata.)
200 (1780) 100 (1846)
13 (1851)
Kwakwaka’wakw
(Kwakiutl)[147]
  • Koskimo
  • Namgis
  • Laich-kwil-tach
    (Euclataw, Yuculta)

(Wak.)

8.000 (1835)
3.500 (1881)
1.754 (1890)
2.173 (1904)[148]
1.088 (1929)
4.896 (2005)
Lummi[149]
(Sal.)
800 (1780)
1.000 (1780)
(Lummi, Samish, Nooksack)[150]
600 (1800)
450 (1900) 412 (1905)
4.219 (2005)
Makah
(Wak.)
2.000 (1780)[151]
4.000 (1800)[152]
2.000 (1806)[153] 435 (1905)[151]
2.000 (2000)[151]
Nisga'a
(Niska, Nishga, Nisga’a)[154]
(Tsimshiánicas)
1.600 (1700) 1.600 (1800) 1.615 (1835)
850 (1900)
842 (1904)
814 (1906)
6.200 (2005)
Nuu-chah-nulth
(Nootka, Nutka, Nutca,
Aht, Nuuchahnulth, Nooksak)
(Wak.)
6.000 (1780)[155] 7.500 (1835)
5.514 (1860)
3.613 (1881)
2.636 (1898)
2.093 (1908)
5.775 (2005)
Pentlatch
(Qualicum, Puntlatch, Puntledge)[156]
(Sal.)
300 (1780) 50 (1900) 81 (2005)
Puyallup[157]
(Sal.)
1.000 (1700) 700 (1800) 400 (1900) 322 (1910)
2.600 (2000)
Quileute[158]
(Chim.)
500 (1700) 400 (1800) 26 casas (1889)
300 (1900)
303 (1910)
706 (2002)
Quinault[159]
(Sal.)
1.200 (1700) 1.500 (1780)[160]
1.000 (1800)
1.000 (1805)
1.220 (1900)
1.228 (1937)
2.453 (2002)
Sauk-Suiattle[161]
(Sal.)
4.000 (1855) 18 (1924)
Shishalh
(Sechelt)[162]
(Sal.)
1.000 (1780) 236 (1902)
244 (1906)
1.052 (2005)
Siletz[163]
(sal.)
100 (1700) 100 (1800)
Skagit
  • Inferiores
  • Superiores

Swinomish
(Sal.)

1.200 (1780)[164]
700 sk. (1800)[165]
700 sw. (1800)[166]
300 sk. (1853)[164] 268 (1909)[167]
56 sk. (1910)[165]
400 sk. (2000)[165]
778 sw. (2000)[166]
Skokomish
Twana
Squaxon

(Squaxin)
(Sal.)
1.000 (1780)[168]
500 sk. (1800)[169]
265 (1853)[168] 256 (1910)[168]
1.446 sk. (2004)[169]
Squamish[170]
(Sal.)
1.800 (1780) 174 (1909)
2.347 (2005)
Snohomish
Snoqualmie
Tulalip

(Sal.)
1.200 (1780)[171]
700 sh. (1800)[172]
500 sq. (1800)[173]
350 sh. (1850)[171] 664 (1910)[171]
400 sh. (2000)[172]
1.000 sq. (2000)[173]
Snuneymuxw
(Nanaimo)[174]
(Sal.)
700 (1700) 500 (1800) 178 (1892) 161 (1906)
1.344 (2001)
Songhee
(Songish)[175]
(Sal.)
2.700 (1780) 8.500 (1850)[176] 488 (1906)
2.046 (2005)
Sto:lo
(Staulo, Stalo, Stahlo)
  • Kwantlen
  • Katzie

Stuwihamuk
(Salishanos Ntlakyapamuk)
(Sal.)

7.100 sto. (1780)
150 stu. (1780)
120-150 stu. (1895) 1.451 sto. (1907)
Suquamish[177]
(Sal.)
1.000 (1700) 800 (1800) 411 (1857) 204 (1909)
890 (2004)
Tillamook
(Nehalem, Calamox,
Gillamooks, Killamook)[178]
(Sal.)
2.200 (1805)
50 casas (1805)[179]
400 (1845)
200 (1849)
25 (1910)
12 (1930)
Tolowa
(Na-de.)
1.000 (1770)[180]
450[181]​-2.400[182][183]​(1770)
10.000 (1850)[184]
200 (1880)[180]
150 (1900)[180]
121 (1910)[185]
150 (1960)
960 (2000)
Tsimshian
(Ts’msyan)[186]
(Na-de.)
5.500 (1780) 8.500 (1835)
4.500 (1885)
3.550 (1895)
1.840 (1808)
4.000 (1910)
1.370 (2004)
Umpqua
  • Inferiores
    (Kuitsh)[187]
  • Superiores

(Pen.)

6.000 in. (1780) 400 (1846) 84 (1902)
109 (1910)
9 in. (1930)
43 (1937)

Bosques del Nordeste[editar]

Pueblo
(filiación)
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(desde 1901)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Nordeste 346.000 (1600)[188]

100.000 (1500)[189]
140.000 (1600)[190]
(Nueva Inglaterra)

150.000 (1700)[188]

100.000 (1614)[191]
60.000-80.000 (1650)[189]
10.000[190]​-15.000 (1675)[191]
4.000 (1680)[191]
(Nueva Inglaterra)

50.000 (1783)[192][n 1] 336.578 (1990)[193]
Abenaki
(Tarrantine)

(Alg.)

8.000 (1492)[196]
40.000 (1524)[197][198]
20.000 or. (1524)[197]
10.000 oc. (1524)[197]
10.000 co. (1524)[197]
3.000 (1600)[199]
1.250 casas (1600)[n 2]
15.000 (1600)[200]
10.000 or. (1600)[200][201]
5.000 oc. (1600)[200]
11.900 or. (1605)
5.000 or. (1617)[197]
4.000 (1676)[197]

700 pe. (1700)
1.000 pe. (1700)[201]


20.000 (1400)[202][203]
(Passamaquoddy, Maliseet
y Armouchiquois)

2.000 pa. (1600)[204]


800 ma. (1600)

150 pa. (1726)[204]
-1.000 (1781)[197]

650 pe. (1726)
350 pe. (1786)


150 pa. (1726)[205]

130 pa. (1804)[205]
379 pa. (1825)[205]
400-500 pa. (1859)[205]

767 ma. (1884)
900 ma. (1900)

1.100-1.200 (1905)[206]
c. 12.000 (1997)[197]

266 pe. (1910)
301 pe. (1930)
2.000 pe. (2000)


400 pa. (1900)[204]
2.000 pa. (2000)[204]
1.998 pa. (2005)[204]


805 ma. (1904)
5.200 ma. (2005)

3.000 (1600)
Anishinaabe

(Alg.)

6.000[208]​-8.000 ott. (1600)[209]
6.000 ott.; alg. (1600)[208]

8.000-15.000 pot. (1600)[210]


6.000 alg. (1600)[211][212]

1.000 ni. (1615)

+500 ott. (1670)[213]


4.000 pot. (1667)[210]
3.500 pot. (1700)[214]


6.000 alg. (1603)[215]

200 ni. (1756)

1.500 pot. (1765)[216]
2.000 pot. (1783)[216]
3.000 pot. (1800)[210]


500 ott. (1723)[213]
5.000 ott. (1768)[209]


1.500 alg. (1768)[215]
4.000 alg. (1800)[212]

162 ni. (1884)

4.700 ott. (1900)[213]


2.500 pot. (1812)[216]
3.440 pot. (1854)[210]


1.500 alg. (1900)[212]

223 ni. (1906)
1.800 ni. (2000)

3.465 ott. (1910)[209]
9.000 ott. (2000)[209]


2.620 pot. (1910)[210]
28.000 pot. (1998)[210]


8.000 alg. (1999)[215]

300 ott. (1615)[213]
2.000 ott. (1641)
(con los neutrales)[209]

1.000 pot. (1671-72)
(incluyendo Fox y Sauk)[217]

Assateague[218]
(Alg.)
4-5 familias (1798)
Attawandaron
(Neutrales)
(Iroqueses)
(hasta 1656)
18.750-40.000 (1535)
10.000 (1600)[219][220]
10.000-20.000 (1615)[221][222]
12.000 (1639-40)[223]
12.000-20.000 (1640)
800 (1653)[220]
4.000 (1610)[224]
4.000-6.000 (1615)[225]
4.000 (1640)[223]
2.000 (1641)
(con los ottawas)[224]
2.000 (1643)[224]
800 (1653)[224]
Beothuk
(¿Alg.?)[226]
2.000-5.000 (1500) 400 (1768) ext. (1829)
Conoy
  • Piscataway
    • Pauxent
      • Acquintanacsnak

(Alg.)

2.000 (1600)[227]
7.000-8.400 (1600)[n 3]
2.500 (1632)[228]
300 (1697)[228]
150 (1765)[229] 200 ac. (1629)[230]
Erie
  • Honniasont
    (Oniasont, Oniassontke,
    Honniasontkeronon)

(Iro.)

14.000 (1600)[231] 4.000-15.000 (1615)[232]
10.000 (1615)[232]
4.000-14.500 (1656)[233]
3.000 (1662)[232]
4.000 (1653)[234][235]
3.000-4.000 (1454)[236]
800 (1662)[232]
Fox
(Meskawaki)
Sauk
(Sauc)
(Alg.)
20.000 (1616)[237]
3.000 fo. (1650)[238]
3.500 sa. (1650)[239]
5.000 fo. (1666)[237]
6.500 sa. (1666)[237]
3.500 fo. (1715)[237]
4.000 fo. (1734)[237]
750 sa. (1736)[239]
1.500-2.000 fo. (1750)[240]
1.000 sa. (1759)[239]
2.000 sa. (1766)[239]
1.200 fo. (1805)[240]
3.000 sa. (1820)[239]
5.000 sa. (1837)[239]
1.300 fo. (1845)[237]
2.500 sa. (1845)[237]
700 fo. (1846)[237]
1.900 sa. (1846)[237]
1.500-2.500 fo. (1850)[238]
428 fo. (1905)[240]
3.700 (1999)[237]
3.500 (2000)[241]
3.000 (1670)
(Fox, Sauk, Menomini,
Potawatomi)
[239]
200 fo. (1728)[240]
1.000 sa. (1752)[237]
1.000 (s. XVIII)[239]
300 fo. (1805)[240]
Ho-Chunk
(Winnebagos)
(Siux)
8.000-20.000 (1603)[242]
6.000 (1641)[242]
3.800 (1650)[243]
500 (1665)[242]
700 (1736)[242] 1.750[244]​-2.000 (1806)[242]
5.800 (1825)[242]
4.500 (1835)[242]
2.200 (1842)[242]
2.500 (1845)[242]
1.756 (1856)[242]
1.200 (1865)[242]
2.333 (1910)[243]
12.000 (2000)[242]
5.000 (1603)[242]
1.500 (1641)[242]
Illiniwek
(Illinois)

(Alg.)

15.000 mi. (1600)[245] 8.000 (1650)[246]
2.000-20.000 (c.1658)[247]
10.500[248]​-70.000 (1660)[249]
9.000-12.000 (1674-82)[247]
6.300[246]​-6.500[249]​ (1680)
9.000 (1692)[249]

4.500 mi. (1650)[250]

6.000 (1701)[247]
2.500 (1736)[247]
1.500-2.000 (1750)[246][249]
5.000 (1768)[248]
600-1.800 (1769)[247]
380-480 (1778)[246][247]
250 (1800)[247]

7.000 mi. (1717)[245]
3.000 (1736)[245]
1.800-2.700 mi. (1763)[245]
1.250-1.750 mi. (1764)[251]

84 (1854)[247]
149 (1885)[246]

1.100[245]​-1.400[251]​mi. (1825)
1.000 mi. (1846)[245]
247 mi. (1872)[245]
149 mi. (1885)[251]
243 mi. (1900)[251]

195 (1905)[246]
128 (1910)[246]
370 (1937)[247]
2.000 (2000)[246]

191 mi. (1903)[251]
124 mi. (1905)[251]
90 mi. (1910)[245]
6.000 mi. (1992)[245]

20.000 (1660)[249]
1.800 (1680)[249]
1.100 (1768)[248]
3.000 (1812)
(incluyendo shawnee)[252]
Confederación Iroquesa
(Haudenosaunee)[n 4]

(hasta mediados del s. XVIII)

(hasta mediados del s. XVIII)

(Iro.)

5.500[253]​-20.000[254]​(1600)

10.000-17.000 mo. (1600)[254]
13.700-17.000 mo. (1600)
6.600-8.300 mo. (1600)
3.000-4.000 ono. (1600)[255]
5.200-5.500 ca. (1600)


5.000 tu. (1500)[256]
25.000 tu. (1500)[257]
5.000 tu. (1600)[258]

25.000 (1610)[259]
25.000 (1660)[254]
10.000-12.000 (1668)
16.000 (1677-85)[253]
8.600 (1891)[259]
13.000 (1700)[253]

5.000-8.000 mo. (1609-10)[n 5]
4.500 ono. (1647-48)[255]
5.000 mo. (1650)[260]
2.500 mo. (1660)[260]
1.500 ono. (1660)[255]
1.500 one. (1660)[261]
5.000 se. (1660-77)[262]
1.500 ca. (1660)[263]
2.000 ca. (1669)[264]
1.500 mo. (1677)[260]
1.000 one. (1677)[261]


6.000 tu. (1700)[265]

7.000 (1701)[259]
14.000 (1740)[254]
10.000 (1750)[254]
12.000 (1768)[254]
9.000 (1770)[259]
8.000 (1773)[254]
5.000 (1781)[254]
5.000 (1783)[259]
11.000 (1800)[253]

3.500 se. (1721)[262]
1.000 ono. (1736)[255]
1.750 se. (1736)[262]
400 mo. (1736)[260]
1.000 mi. (c.1763)[254]
2.000 ca. (c.1763)[254]
1.300 ono. (1765)[255]
5.000 se. (1765)[262]
1.100 ca. (1778)[263]
875-975 ca. (1781)[263]
1.500 mo. (1783)[260]
2.000-3.000 se. (1783)[262]


1.200[265]​-4.800[266]​tu. (1708)
2.000[265]​-5.600[266]​tu. (1711)
1.200-1.400 tu. (1711-12)[265][267]
1.500 tu. (1722)[254]
1.000 tu. (1736)[266]
1.000 tu. (1765)[266]
2.000 tu. (1778)[266]
1.000 tu. (1783)[266]
400 tu. (1796)[266]

16.000 (1800)[253]

2.712 se. (1850)[262]
1.200 mo. (1851)[260]
900 ono. (1851)[255]

61.000 (2000)[253]

780 tu. (1909-10)[266]

8.000 (1534)[268]
16.000 (1648)[269]
2.000 (1668)
2.000 (1750)[254]

2.000 mo. (1609-10)
1.300 ono. (1647-48)[255]
300 ca. (1665)[270]
400 mo. (1665)[270]
140 one. (1665)[270]
300 ono. (1665)[270]
1.200 se. (1665)[270]
300 ca. (1669)[264]


6.000 tu. (c.1600)[271]
1.200 tu. (1708)[266]
1.200-1.400 tu. (1711)[266]
2.000 tu. (1711)[271]
250 tu. (1736)[266]

Kikapús
(Alg.)
4.000 (1640)[272]
2.000-3.000 (1650)[273]
2.000 (1684)[272]
3.000 (1759)[272][274] 2.000 (1817)[274]
2.200 (1825)[274]
2.000 (1832)[272]
800 (1875)[274]
800 (1905)[274]
4.200 (2000)[275]
600 (1832)[272]
100 (1837)[276]
Lenapes
(Delawere, Lenni-Lenape)
  • Munsee
    • Esopus
      • Waoranecks
      • Warranawankongs
    • Minisink
    • Ramapough
  • Unami
    • Acquackanonk
    • Hackensack
    • Navasink
    • Raritan
    • Rumachenanck
      (Haverstraw)
    • Tappan
    • Unalachtigo
    • Wiechquaeskecks

(Alg.)

15.000 (1524)[277]
8.000 (1600)[278]
11.000[279]​-20.000 (1600)[280]
8.000-12.000 (1600)[281]

6.500 un. (1600)[282]
4.500 mu. (1600)[282]

4.000[280]​-5.000 (1700)[278] 2.400 (1800)[278] 2.400 (1823)[283]
2.000 (1845)[280]
3.000 (c.1850)[283]
1.500[284]​-1.600 (1900)[278]
2.400-3.000 (s. XIX)[285]
2.200 (1906)[283]
1.600 (1910)[278]
2.162 (1950)[283]
13.500 (2000)[278]
1.500 (1643)[280]
Mascouten
(Maskegon)
(Alg.)
6.000 (1639)[286]
3.000 (1640-41)[287]
200[286]​-5.000 (1670)[14]
500 (1764)[286]
800 (1779)[286]
1.254 (1889)[288] 5.311 (1903)[288] 500 (1640-41)[287]
900 (1643)[224]
200 (1718)[289]
60 (1736)[289]
Massachusett[290]
(Alg.)
3.000 (1612)
800 (1620)
500 (1629-31)
300 (1677)
3.000 (1600)[291]
300 (1635)[291]
Menomini[292]
(Alg.)
2.000-4.000 (1634)
3.000 (1650)
400 (1667)
850 (1736)
1.100 (1764)
1.300-2.500 (1800)
1.350 (1806)
4.200 (1829)
1.930 (1854)
1.600 (1906)
1.422 (1910)
7.200 (2000)
Confederación mohicana

(posteriormente algunos
formaron los Schaghticoke)

(Alg.)

35.000 (1600)[293]

3.000[294][295]​-8.000 mo. (1600)[293]


4.750[296]​-8.000 wa. (1600)[297]
3.000 wa. (1600)[298]

1.000 mo. (1672)[293]
1.000 mo. (1700)[294]

800-1.000 wa. (1700)[296][297]

600 mo. (1796)[293][294] 300 mo. (1900)[294] 600 mo. (1910)[293]
3.200 mo. (1997)[293]
200 wa. (1655)[297]
Micmac
(Mik’mag)
(Alg.)
3.000-30.000 (1500)[299] 3.000-3.500 (1611)[300]
4.000 (1620)[299]
3.000 (1760)[299][300]
3.500 (1766)[300]
1.800 (1823)[299]
3.892 (1880)[300]
4.037 (1884)[300]
3.861 (1904)[300]
25.000 (1999)[299]
26.300 (2000)[301]
300 (1534)[299]
50 (1724)[299]
600 (1739)[302]
350 (1764)[303]
500 (1777)[304]
Mohegan
Pequot

(Alg.)
2.200 mo. (1600)[305]
13.000 pe. (1600)[306]
4.000 mo. (1620)[307]
6.000 pe. (1620)[308]
8.000 pe. (1633)[309]
4.000 pe. (1634)[309]
3.000 pe. (1636)[306]
3.000 (1637-38)[307]
1.500 pe. (1638)[306]
2.500 (1639)[307]
2.000-2.500 (1643)[310]
1.200 mo. (1675)[307]
750 mo. (1705)[307]
140 pe. (1762)[308]
300 mo. (1775-88)[307]
70 mo. (1809)[307]
360 mo. (1832)[307]
125 mo. (1850)[307]
22 mo. (1910)[307]
66 pe. (1910)[308]
1.000 mo. (1994)[307]
900 mo. (1644)[307]
350 pe. (1637)[311]
200 pe. (1638)[311]
Montauk
(Metoac, Montaukett,
Sewanakie)[312]
  • Canarsee
  • Corchaug
  • Manhaseet
  • Manhattan
  • Massapegua
  • Matinecock
  • Merrick
  • Montauk
  • Nesaquake
  • Patchogue
  • Rockaway
  • Secatoag
  • Setauket
  • Shinnecock
  • Unkechaug

(Alg.)

10.000 (1600)
5.000 (1600)[313]
500 (1658-59)[314]
500 (1666)
162 (1788) 197 (1910)
1.400 (1999)
Nanticoke[315]
(Alg.)
2.700 (1600)
10.000 (1600)
(incluyendo pueblos vecinos)[316]
1.000 (1700) 100 (1800) 50 (1900)
100 (1900)
(incluyendo pueblos vecinos)[317]
1.000 (1990)[318]
500 (2000)
Narragansett
Niantic

(Alg.)
4.000 na. (1600)[319]
4.000 ni. (1600)[320]
10.000 na. (1610)[321]
1.500 ni. (1620)[320]
5.000 na. (1674)[321]
500 na. (1682)[321]
200 ni. (1700)[322]
140 (1812)[319]
80 (1832)[319]
130 (1930)[319]
2.400 (2005)[319]
1.000 (1675)[323]
3.000 (1676)
(incluyendo
Wampanoag, Nipmuck,
Ponduck, Narragansett
y Nashaway)
[324]
Nipmuc
(Nipmuck)[191]
(Alg.)
3.000-10.000 (1620)
1.000 (1680)
1.400 (2000) 3.000 (1676)
(incluyendo
Wampanoag, Nipmuck,
Ponduck, Narragansett
y Nashaway)
[324]
Pennacook
  • Agawam
  • Wamesit
  • Nashua
  • Souhegan
  • Amoskeag
  • Pennacook
  • Winnipesaukee
12.000 (1564)[325][326] 2.500 (1620)[325]
2.500 (1630)[326][327]
1.250 (1674)[326][327]
1.200 (1675)[325]
200 (1676)[327]
3.000 (1600)[328][n 6]
400-500 (1631)[326]
250 (1674)[326]
Petunes
(Tionontaté)
(en 1656 se unen a Wyandot)
(Iro.)
5.000-12.000 (1535)
8.000 (1600)[329]
8.000 (1616)[330]
3.000 (1640)[330]
2.000-4.000 (1640)
500 (1658)[331]
1.000 (1648)
(incluyendo Hurones)[221]
Pocomtuc
(Pocumtuck, Deerfield)
(Alg.)
1.200 (1600)[332]
Quinnipiac
(Alg.)
460 (1600)[333] 250-300 (1638)[333] 71 (1774)[334] 1 (1850)[334]
Shawnee
(Alg.)
3.000-50.000 (1650)[335]
c.10.000 (1650)[335]
c.6.000 (1700)[335]
10.000 (1744)[335]
1.000-2.000 (c.1800)[336]
c.2.500 (1825)[335] 1.988 (1910)[335]
14.000 (2005)[337]
2.000 (1744)[335]
2.000 (1789)
(shawnees y miamis)[335]
3.000 (1808)[335]
(shawnees, miamis,
kickapoo, potawatomi)
Susquehannock
(Conestoga)
(Iro.)
5.000-7.000 (1600)[338]
8.000 (1600)[339]
3.000 (1608)[340]
1.000-4.000 (1608)[341]
550-1.250 (1648)[340]
5.800 (1648)[342]
300 (1690)[341]
250 (1698)[342]
300 (1700)[338]
20 (1763)[338][343][n 7] 600[340][344]​-3.000[343]​(1608)
800 (1615)[340]
600 (1633)[344]
550-1.250 (1648)[343]
1.300 (1647)[344]
1.000 (1649)[338]
700 (1663)[344]
Tauxenent
(Dogue, Doeg, Doages,
Taux, Dogi, Tacci)[345]
(Alg.)
135-170 (1608) 40 (1608)
Wampanoag

(Alg.)

4.400[346]​-12.000 (1600)[347]

1.200[348]​-1.500[349]​na. (1600)

5.000 (1620)[347]
1.000 (1675)[347]
400 (1676)[347]
1.500 (1698)[346]

500 na. (1621)[349]
515[348]​-600 na. (1698)[349]


400 sa. (1700)[350]

358[346]​-700 (1763)[347]
20 (1797)[347]

300 na. (1710)[349]
106 na. (1764)[351]
300 na. (1800)[348]

40 (1807)[347]
300 (1861)[346]
393 (1882)[346]

4 na. (1802)[351]

450 (1928)[346]
3.000 (2005)[346]

230 na. (1920)[348]
1.000 na. (2000)[348]

500 (1675)[352]
3.000 (1676)
(incluyendo
Wampanoag, Nipmuck,
Ponduck, Narragansett
y Nashaway)
[324]

80 na. (1621)[351]

Wenro
(Wenrohronon)
(en 1643 se unen a los neutrales)
(Iro.)
1.600 (1600)[353] 1.200-2.000 (1639)[354]
600 (1643)[354]
60 (1672-73)[354]
Wicocomico[355]
(Alg.)
520 (1609-12) 130 (1609-12)
Hurón
(Wendat)
(hasta 1656)[356]

Wyandot[n 8](desde 1656)[356]
(Iro.)

45.000-50.000 (1535)
30.000-45.000 (1535)[357]
10.000-50.000 (1535)
10.000 (1600)[356]
20.000-30.000 (1615)[357]
20.000-35.000 (1615)[234]
30.000-40.000 (1615)[358]
30.000 (1633)[358]
>10.000 (1640)[357]
6.000[356][357]​-20.000[234]​(1648)
1.300 (1649)[357]
4.000 hu.-ti. familias (1640)
1.800 (1736)[357] 6.650 (2000)[357] 2.000 (1615)[358]

4.000-5.000 (1634)
(hurones, winnebagos,
algonquinos, ottawas,
nipissing, fox)
[359]

Michilimackinac[360]
(Alg.)
150 (1827) 100 (1744)

Bosques del Sudeste[editar]

Pueblo Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(1901-2000)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Sudeste[361] 204.400 (1500)
157.400 (1600)
45.000 (1600)
(Bahía de Chesapeake)[362]
50.000 (s. XVI)
(familia de lenguas muskogeanas)[363]
60.370 (1800) 2.100 (1900)
(Bahía de Chesapeake)[364]
Acolapissa (Colapissa)[365]

(Muskogui)

3.000-4.000 (1600) 1.500 (1699) 1.250 (1702)
1.000 (1722)
500 (1739)[n 9]
300 (1699)
200 (1722)
Ais
Tequesta

(Tekesta, Tegesta, Chequesta, Vizcaynos)
Guacata
(Santalûces)
Jaega
(Jega, Xega, Jaece, Geigas, Jobe)[366]

(Musk.)

1.000 (1650) 88 (1726)
52 (1728)
Alabama[367]

(Musk.)

2.000 (c.1702)
400 familias (1702)
770 (1715)
160 (1822)
470 (1900)
192-298 (1910) 4.000 (1702)
(incluyendo aliados)[368]
214 (1715)
400 (1730-40)
60 (1792)
70 (1805)
Alafay
(Alafia, Pojoy, Pohoy,
Costas Alafeyes, Alafaya Costas)[369]

(Musk.)

300 (1681) 20 (1726)
Amacano
Chine
Caparaz

(Musk.)

300 (1674)[370]
Atakapa (Ishak)
  • Akokisas
  • Atakapas (Attacapa)
  • Bidai
  • Deadose
  • Orcoquiza
  • Pastia (Patiri)
  • Tlacopsel (Acopsel)

(Aisl.)

2.000 at. (1650)[371]
500 bi. (1690)[372][373]
300 familias at. (1747)[371]
3.000-4.500 ak. (1750)[374]
360 at. (1784)[375]
100 bi. (1805)[373] 80 ak. (1760-70)[376]
180 at. (1779)[371]
80 at. (1805)[371]
Avoyel (Avoyelles)[377]
(Musk.)
280 (1698)
300 (1700)
5 (1805)
3-4 (1805)[378]
Bayougoula
Quinipissa

(Musk.)

3.000 (1540)[379] 1.500 (1650)[380]
875 (1698)[380]
400-500 (1699)[380]
1.250 (1699)[379]
100 casas (1699)[380]
500 (1706)[379]
200 (1715)[379]
250 (1699)[379]
200-250 (1700)[381]
40 (1715)[379]
Biloxi[382]
Pascagoula
(Pascoboula, Pacha-Ogoula,
Pascagola, Pascaboula, Paskaguna)
Capinan
Moctobi

(Musk.)

1.000 pa. (1650)[383]
20 casas bi. (1699)
500 bi. (1699)[384]
100 familias
bi. pa. ca. (1699)[385]
20 casas
bi. pa. mo. (1699-00)[386]
+30 bi. (1763)
75 bi. pa. (1784)[387]
70 bi. (1805)[384]
240 bi. pa. (1822)
(incluyendo choctaw)[387]
70 bi. (1822)[387]
55 bi. (1825)
65 bi. (1829)
15 bi. (1707)[384]
30 bi. (1784)
20 pa. bi. (1784)[387]
Caddoanos
  • Adai
  • Cahinnio
  • Doustioni
  • Eyeish (Hais)
  • Hainai[388]
  • Hasinai
  • Kadohadacho
  • Nabedache
  • Nabiti
  • Nacogdoche
  • Nacono
  • Nadaco
  • Nanatsoho
  • Nasoni
  • Natchitoches
  • Neche
  • Nechaui
  • Ouachita
  • Tula
  • Yatasi

(Caddoanos)

200.000 (1540)[389] 8.500[390]​-10.000 (1690)[391]
3.000 (1693)[391]
5.000 (1721)[391]
15.000 (1760)[391]
8.500 (s. XVIII)[389]
1.400 (1801)[391][389] 535 (1904)[392]
550 (1906)[391]
Calusa

(Musk.)

10.000-50.000 (1513)[393] 3.000 (1650)[394]
960 (1680)[394]
350 (1763)[395]
80 familias (1763)[395]
250 (1800)[396]
250 (1839)[394]
Cape Fear

(Siux)

206 (1715)[397]
Catawba
(Esaw, Usheree, Ushery, Yssa)

(Siux)

4.600 (1682)[398]
10.000 (1692)[399]
1.400 (1728)[398]
1.000 (1759)[398]
400 (1775)[398]
490 (1780)[398]
250 (1784)[398]
450 (1822)[398]
110 (1826)[398]
120 (1881)[398]
2.600 (2000)[399] 1.500 (1682)[398]
400 (1728)[398]
300 (1761)[398]
Chatot
(Chacato, Chactoo)[400]

(Musk.)

1.200-1.500 (1674) 140-900 (1725-26) 100 (1805)
240 (1822)
Chakchiumas
Taposas
[401]

(¿Musk.?)

25 casas (1720)
Chawasha (Chaouacha, Washa)
Appalousa (Opelousa)

(Musk.)

200 (1699)[402]
40 op. (1806)[402]
Cheraw
(Chara, Charàh, Saula,
Sara, Sawro, Sarraw)[403]

(Siux)

1.200 (1600) 1.000 (1700) 140-510 (1715)
50-60 (1768)
45 (1759)
Cherokees

(Iro.)

22.000 (1650)[404]
50.000 (1674)[405]
11.210 (1715)[406]
10.000-11.500 (1720)[406]
20.000 (1729)[406]
12.000-20.000 (1730)[406]
7.500 (1758)[406]
20.000 (1790)[404]
25.000 (1830s)[405]
19.000 (1885)[404][406]
28.106 (1902)[404]
93.169 (1989)[404]
4.000 (1715)[406]
3.800 (1720)[406]
6.000 (1729)[406]
Chickasaw

(Alg.)

15.000 (1540)[407]
5.000[408]​-8.000[409]​(1600)
10.000 (1693)[407]
2.000-6.000 (1700)[410]
6.000[407]​-10.000 (1702)[407]
580 casas (1702)[407]
3.500 (1715)[407]
1.600-1.800 (1744)[410]
2.500 (1768)[407]
3.000-4.000 (1804)[410]
3.625 (1817)[407]
4.914 (1837)[407]
4.700 (1853)[407]
4.500 (1865)[410][409]
4.820 (1904)[410]
32.000 (2000)[409]
2.000 (1702)[407]
700 (1715)[407]
400 (1761)[407]
500 (1768)[407]
450 (1774)[410]
Chitimacha
  • Chawasha
  • Chitimacha
  • Washa
  • Yagenachito

(Aisl.)

20.000 (1492)[411] 3.000 (1650)[412]
3.000[412]​-4.000[411]​(1699)
400 (1758)[412]
200 (1784)[412]
100 (1900)[412] 69 (1910)[412]
700 (2000)[412]
Choctaw

(Musk.)

15.000-20.000 (1540)[413][414] 15.000-20.000 (1700)[415] 19.000 (1761)[416]
4.000-5.000 (s. XVIII)[417][418]
19.554 (1831)[416]
22.707 (1834)[417]
17.805 (1904)[415]
15.917 (1910)[416]
59.000 (2000)[416]
700 (1702)[417]
5.000 (1761)[417]
17.000 (1814)[417]
Chowanoc
  • Chowanoke
  • Weapemeoc
  • Poteskeet
  • Moratoc
  • Roanoke
  • Pomuik
  • Secotan (Secoughtan)
  • Neusiok
  • Chesepiooc

(Musk.)

2.800 we. (1600)[419] 2.100-4.000 (1700)[420] 200 we. (1701)[419] 700-800 (1700)[420]
700 (1701)[421]
240 (1711-12)[421]

700-800 we. (1584-89)[422]
40 we. (1701)[422]

Congaree

(Siux)

12 casas (1701)[423]
92 (1715)[424]
22 (1715)[424]
Croatan (Lumbee)
Roanoke (Roanoac)

(Alg.)

5.000-10.000 (1585)[425][426] 250 (1800)[427] 1.000 (1900)[427] 5.000 (1906)[428]
4.000 (1956)[427]
45.000 (2000)[427]
c.2.000 (1585)[425]
Eno[429]
Shakori (Shaccoree)
Sissipahaw[430]

(Siux)

800 si. (1600)
1.500 en. (1600)
100 si. (1700)
100 en. (1700)
750 (1714)[431]
(incluyendo Shakoris, Tutelos,
Saponis, Keyauwees y Occaneechis)
Houma

(Musk.)

1.000[432]​-3.000[433]​(1650)
10.000 (1668)[433]
1.200[432]​-1.800 (1699)[433]
400-1.000 (1718)[433]
300 (1739)[433]
250 (1768)[433]
60 (1803)[433] 120 (1910)[433]
936 (1930)[433]
350 (1699)[433]
250 (1718)[433]
60 (1755)[432]
Kaw
(Kansas, Kanzas)

(Siux)

1.500 familias (1702)[434]
3.000 (1780)[434]
1.050 (1800)[435]
1.500 (1815)[434]
130 casas (1815)[436]
1.850 (1822)[434]
1.200 (1829)[434]
1.588 (1843)[434]
209 (1905)[434]
515 (1937)[434]
2.500 (2000)[435]
300 (1805)[434]
Keyauwee

(Siux)

750 (1716)[437]
Machapunga[438]

(Alg.)

100 (1701) 30 (1701)
Meherrin[439]

(Iro.)

180 (1669) 50 (1669)
Mikasuki
(Miccosuki, Miccosukee)[440]

(Musk.)

1.400 (1817)
300 casas (1817)
600 (1900)
700 (2000)
Mobile
(Mobila, Movile, Mavilla, Mabila, Mavila)
Tohome (Tohomé, Nanaiba)[441]

(Musk.)

300 to. (1702)
110 to. (1730)
350 familias mo. (1741)[442]
300-350 (1700-02)[368]
350 to. (1703)[443]
Moneton

(Siux)

500 (1600)[444]
Neusiok
(Newasiwac, Neuse River, Coree,
Connamox, Cores, Corennines,
Connamocksocks, Coranine)[445]
Bear River[446]
Pamlico[447]

(¿Iro. o Alg.?)

1.000 pa./b.r. (1600) 125 ne. (1701)[448]
75 pa./b.r. (1710)
15 ne. (1700)
50 b.r. (1701)
Nottaway
(Cheroenhaka)[449]

(Iro.)

1.500 (1608-09)[450]
300-500 (1669)[450]
330 (1705)[450]
100 (1709)
300 (1728)
47 (1825)[451] 50 (2000) 90 (1669)[450]
Ofo
(Mosopeleas, Mosoelea)[452]

(¿Alg.?)

5 casas (1682)[453]
10-12 casas (1700)
600 (1700)
60-100 (1758)
80 (1784)
1 (1908) 15 (1758)
12 (1784)
Okelousa (Okelusa)[454]

(Musk.)

10.000 (1541) 200 (1650) 100 (1800)
Pamlico (Pomouik)[455]

(Alg.)

1.000 (1600) 75 (1710)
Pee Dee
(Pedee, Peedee)[456]

(Siux)

600 (1600) 100 (1700)
Powhatan
  • Appomattoc
  • Chickahominy
  • Matchotic
  • Weanoc
  • Chesapeake
  • Arrohateck
  • Chesepian
  • Chickahominy
  • Kiskiack
  • Mattaponi
  • Nansemond
  • Powhatan
  • Paspahegh
  • Pamunkey

(Alg.)

9.000[457]​-14.000[458]​(1600)
8.000-10.435 (1600)[459]

16.000 algonquinos de Virginia (1600)[460]
500 algonquinos de Virginia (1900)[461]

100.000 (1607)[n 10]
14.000-21.000 (1607)[462]
12.000 (1607)[463]
2.000 (1669)[457]
1.000[463]​-1.500 (1700)[457]

350 che. (1607)[464]
900 chi. (1608)[465]
500 we. (1608)[465]
220 chi. (1669)[465]

500 (1705)[458]
1.000 (1775)[457]

80 chi. (1722)[465]

822 (1910)[457]
1.500 (2000)[457]

220 chi. (1905)[465]

2.400 (1600)[466]
528 (1669)[466]

100 che. (1607)[464]
60 ap. (1608)[465]
250 chi. (1608)[465]
400 ma. (1608)[465]
60 ma. (1668)[465]
60 chi. (1669)[465]

Rappahannock[467]

(Alg.)

300-2.000 (1608) 100 (1608)
Santee
(Seretee, Sarati,
Sati, Sattees)[468]

(Siux)

1.000 (1600) 200 (1700) 85 (1715) 43 (1715)[469]
Sawokli
(Sawakola, Sabacola,
Sabacôla, Savacola)[470]

(Musk.)

2.000 (1600) 600 (1700) 150 (1821)
450 (1832)
20 (1738)
50 (1750)
190 (1760)
(Sawokli, Tamali)
50 (1761)
20 (1799)
Sewee
(Suye, Joye, Xoye, Soya)[471]

(Siux)

800 (1600) 50 (1700) 57 (1715)[472]
Taensas[473]

(Musk.)

700 (1698)
300 (1700)
150 familias (1702)
100 (1714)
Timucuas[n 11]
  • Icafui (Icafi)
  • Mocami
    (Mocama, Tacatacuru)
  • Osochi
  • Ocale (Ocali)
  • Oconi
  • Tacatacurri
  • Tocobaga
  • Timucua
  • Pohoy
  • Potano
  • Satuniwa (Saturiwa)
  • Utina
  • Yui (Ibi)
  • Yustaga
  • Hostaqua
  • Acuera
  • Agua Fresca
    (Agua Dulce, Freshwater)
  • Tucururu (Tucuru)
  • Yufera
  • Arapaha

(Tim.)

150.000-200.000 (1492)[474][n 12]
670.000 (1492)
50.000-150.000 (1513)[475]
722.000 (1517)[476]
750.000-1.000.000 (1521)[477]
750.000 (1528)[478]
50.000 (1595)[474]
75.000 (1596)[477]

6.000-12.000 yus. (1492)[n 13]
60.000 oc. (1492)[479]

36.000 (1613-17)[477]
10.000[480]​-13.000[481]​(1650)
1.000 (1682 y 1700)[474][479]

600 sa. (1602)[481]
+1.000 yui (1602)[481]
6.000[481]​-8.000[482]​ti. (1650)
3.000-4.000 pot. (1650)[481][482]
1.000 to. (1650)[482]
1.000 os. (1650)[482]
150 pot. (1675)[481]
-1.000 yus. (1675)[481]
300 poh. (1680)[481]


Población de indígenas que
vivían en las misiones
jesuitas: Chowtac, Timucua,
Apalaches, Natchez

30.000 (1634)[483]
26.000 (1655)

136 (1703)[481]
250 (1717)[474]
29 (1759)[474]

60 uti. (1725)[481]
240 taw. (1792)[481]


Población de indígenas que vivían
en las misiones jesuitas: Chowtac,
Timucua, Apalaches, Natchez

20.000 (1702)[484]

539 os. (1833)[481] 200 ut. (1564)[485]
300 ut. (1565)[485]
2.000 pot. (1565)[485]
8.000 (1647)
(incluyendo apalaches
y guales)
[479]
Tunica (Euchee)[486]

(Alg.)

2.000 (1650)
1.575 (1699)
260 casas (1699)
50-60 (1700)
300 familias (1702)
460 (1719)
50 (1803) 43 (1910)
200 (2000)
60 (1758)
Tutelos
(Totero, Totteroy, Tutera Yesan)
  • Tutelo (Nanyssan)
  • Manahoac (Mahock)[487]
  • Monancan[488]
  • Saponi
  • Ocaneechi
    (Occaneechi, Occoneechee, Akenatzy)[489]

(Siux)

2.700 tu. (1600)[490]

1.500 ma. (1600)


600 mo. (1600)

100 mo. (1669)

1.000 ma. (1700)

750 tu. (1701)[491]
200 tu. (1716)[490]
28 tu. (1755)[490]
1.000 tu. (1763)
(con Nanticoke y Conoy)[491]

250 sa. (1701)[492]


50 mo. (1800)


750 oc. (1701)[493]

250-300 oc. (1830) 1.400 mo. (2005)

600 oc. (2003)

14 tu. (1755)[490]
20 tu. (1761)[490]
200 tu. (1763)
(con Nanticoke y Conoy)[491]

30 sa. (1765)[490][494]


30 mo. (1669)

Waccamaw[495]

(¿Siux?)

900 (1600) 600 (1700) 610 (1715)
100 (1800)
50 (1900) 365 (2005)
Woccon
(Siux Waccamaw)

(Siux)

120 (1709)[496]
Yazoo[497]
Koroa[498]

(Alg.)

300 ya. (1698)
300 ko. (1698)
100 ya. (1730)
300 ko. (1730)
40 casas ko. (1730)
Yuchi[499]

(Siux)

5.000 (s. XVI) 1.500 (1650) 400 (1715)
1.000-1.500 (1777)
1.000 (1792)
1.139 (1832) 78 (1910)
216 (1930)
3.000 (2000)
130 (1715)
500 (1777)
300 (1792)
250 (1799)
Confederación de
los Creek
  • Maskoki (Creek)
  • Cusabo
  • Tuskegee
  • Shawnee
  • Guale
  • Yamasi
  • Natchez
  • Coushatta
  • Tamathi
  • Apalache
  • Seminola
  • Chiaha
  • Tawasa
  • Okmulgee
  • Hitchiti
  • Muklasa
  • Osochi
20.000 (1775)[500]
19.000 (1785)[500]
24.000 (1789)[500]
15.000-20.000 (1834)[500]
15.000 (1857)[501]
13.000 (1900)[501]
9.905 (1904)[500]
71.000 (2000)[501]
5.400 (1785)[500]
6.000 (1789)[500]
Creek (Maskoki)

(Musk.)

7.000 (1702)[502]
2.000 familias (1702)[503]
6.522 (1715)[501][503]
3.000 (1814)[501]
17.939 (1832)[503]
5.000-6.000 (1833)[503]
20.000-25.000 (c.1850)[503]
15.000 (1857)[503]
6.945 (1912)[503]
12.000 (1919)[503]
11.952 (1923)[503]
9.083 (1930)[503]
2.000 (1708)[502][503]
1.869 (1715)[503]
1.660 (1738)[503]
905 (1750)[503]
2.000-2.620 (1760)[503]
1.385-3.000 (1761)[503]
2.850 (1792)[503]
1.250 (1833)[503]
Seminolas
(separados de los
maskoki desde 1715)

(Musk.)

2.000-5.000 (s. XVIII)[504] 5.000 (1814)[505]
4.000 (1851)[504]
2.048 (1930)[504]
12.000 (2005)[505]
900-1.400 (1835)[506]
Apalaches
Pensacolas

(Musk.)

25.000 ap. (1492)[507]
50.000-60.000 ap. (1492)[508][509]
100.000 ap. (1517)[n 14]
5.000 ap. (1633-35)[508]
7.000 ap. (1650)[510]
6.000-8.000 ap. (1655)[510]
6.130 ap. (1675)[510]
2.000-5.000 ap. (1676)[510]
1.400 ap. (1703)[510]
6.000-8.000 ap. (1702-13)[n 15]
4.000-7.000 ap. (1702)[511]
1.500 ap. (1704)[508]
638-1.000 ap. (1715)[510]
100 ap. (1758)[510]
500-600 pe. (1803)[512]
1.000-3.000 pe. (1813)[512]
200 ap. (1814-17)[510]
600-700 pe. (1820)[512]
300 (1996)[513] 200 ap. (1703)[510]
275 ap. (1715)[510]
Guale

(Musk.)

8.000-12.000 (s. XVI) 4.000 (1602)[514]
2.000[514]​-4.000 (1650)[515]
500 (1700)[515]
1.215 (1715)[514] 1.200 (1602)[514]
700 (1670)[514]
413 (1715)[514]
Natchez

(Musk.)

4.500 (1650)[516]
6.000 (1682)[517]
4.000 (1698)[516]
1.500 familia (1702)[516]
2.000 (1721)[516]
150 (1764)[516]
300 (1836)[516] 500 (2000)[516] 1.000-1.200 (1682)[517]
1.500 (1686)[516]
800 (1716)[516]
100 (1732)[516]
Yamasi[518]

(Musk.)

2.000 (1650)
1.190 (1675)
1.215 (1715)[519]
200 (1800)
87 (1684)
20 (1761)[520]
Tawasa[521]

(Timucua)

200 (1700) 150 (1760)
200 (1792)
321 (1832)
Hitchiti[522]

(Musk.)

500 (1700) 300 (1738)
250 (1750)
200 (1761)
450 (1772)
300 (1821)
381 (1832)
60 (1738)
50 (1750)
40(1761)
90 (1772)
Cusabo[523]
  • Coosas
  • Edistos
  • Etiwaw

(Aisl.)

3.400-4.000 (1600)[524]

1.000 ed. (1600)
600 ed. (1600)
600 co. (1600)

1.000 (1715)[524] 295[525]​-535 (1715)
55 (1726)[524]
175 (1715)
Muklasa[526]

(¿Musk.?)

50 (1760)
30 (1761)
30 (1792)
Tuskegee[527]

(Musk.)

216 (1832-33) 10 (1750)
50 (1760)
40 (1761)
25 (1772-92)
35 (1799)

Grandes Planicies[editar]

Pueblo
o zona
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(desde 1901)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Arapaho
(Arapahoe, Arrapahoe)
  • Besawunena
  • Nawathinehena

Atsinas (Gros ventres)

(Alg.)

3.000 ar. (1780)[390][528]
3.000-5.000 ar. (1800)[529]
3.000 gr. (1800)[529]
2.500 ar. (1805)[530]
2.500 gr. (1805)[530]
5.000 ar (1814)[531]
2.500 gr. (1814)[531]
10.000 ar. (1823)[531]
2.250 ar. (1861)[532]
3.000 gr. (1869-70)[533]
2.300 ar. (1900)[528]
2.283 ar. (1904)[534]
1.419 ar. (1910)[530]
510 gr. (1910)[530]
2.038 ar. (1914)[534]
3.000 ar. (2000)[528]
1.500 ar. (1814)[531]
800 gr. (1814)[531]
600 gr. (1869-70)[533]
Arikara
(Arikaree, Arikari, Ree)

(Caddoanos)

30.000 (1492)[535] 10.000-20.000 (1771-81)[536]
9.000 (1790)[537]
16.000 (s. XVIII)[530]
2.600[538]​-30.000 (1804)[539][540]
7.000 (1858)[537]
1.650 (1871)[538]
600 (Montana, 1883-84)[537]
500 (1888)[538]
340 (1904)[530][538]
6.000 (2000)[539]
4.000 (1771-81)[536]
4.000 (s. XVIII)[530]
2.250-2.500 (1790)[537]
600 (1804)[538]
Bannock

(Uto-azt.)

1.500 (1700)[541] 1.200 casas (1829)[542]
8.000 (1829)[542]
1.000 (1845)[541]
350-500 (1869)[542]
50 casas (1869)[542]
513 (1901)[542]
900 (2000)[541]
800-1.000 (1878)[543]
Blackfoot
(Pies negros, Pukuni)
  • Kainai (Káínaa, Blood)
  • Siksika (Siksikáwa)
  • Pikuni
  • Sarcee
    (Tsuu T’ina, Sarsi, Tsuut’ina)[544]

(Alg.)

2.500 ka. (1700)[544]
3.000-5.000 pi. (1700)[544]
2.500 sa. (1700)[544]
15.000 (1780)[545]
30.000-40.000 (1780)[546]
9.000 (1790)[547][548]
9.000 (1805)[530]
1.500 (1843)[549]
450 casas (1850)[549]
6.720-7.300 (1858)[547]
7.000 (1858)[548]
4.600 (1900)[548]
4.635 (1909-10)[530][547] 2.250-2.500 (1790)[547][548]
1.500 (1839)[550]
2.400 (1858)[547]
Cheyennes

(Siux)

8.000-10.000 (1680)[551] 3.500 (1780)[390][552]
4.000-5.000 (1800)[551]
3.000 (1805)[530][551]
2.000 (1849)[553]
200 casas (1849)[553]
3.312 (1903-04)[552][553]
11.000 (2000)[552]
1.000 (1877)[554]
Comanche

(Uto-azt.)

7.000 (1690)[390]
10.000 (1700)[555]
4.300 (1720)[556]
15.000 (1750)[557]
45.000 (1780)[557]
20.000 (1790)[555]
8.000 (1805)[530]
20.000 (1840s)[557]
10.000-12.000 (1847)[556]
12.000 (1851)[555]
8.000 (1870)[555]
c. 4.218 (1872)[556]
1.400 (1904)[558]
1.171 (1910)[530]
1.500 (1920)[555]
8.000 (1996)[555]
800 (1720)[556]
5.000 (1780)[556]
2.000-2.500 (1847)[556]
c. 1.000 (1872)[556]
Crow
(Absaroka, Apsáalooke)
  • Allakaweah

(Siux)

4.000 (1780)[559]
8.000-10.000 (1781)[559]
3.500 (1804)[560]
6.000 (1805)[530]
2.300 al. (1805)[561]
4.500 (1829-34)[560]
5.000 (1830)[559]
4.100 (1871)[560]
3.500 (1881)[559]
2.287 (1890)[560]
1.826 (1904)[560]
1.799 (1910)[530]
800 al. (1805)[561]
1.000 (1862)[562]
Hidatsa

(Siux)

2.500 (1700)[563] 14.000 (1750)
(hidatsas y arikaras)[530]
2.500 (1780)[563]
2.100 (1805)[564]
500 (1900)[563]
756 (1910)
(hidatsas y arikaras)
1.100 (2000)[563]
600 (1805)[564]
Iowas

(Siux)

1.200 (1700)[565] 1.800 (1702)[530]
1.100 (1760)[565]
1.200 (1780)[566]
800 (1804)[565]
1.400 (1832)[565][566]
226 (1885)[565]
314 (1905)[565]
576 (1910)[530]
420 (1923)[565]
900 (2000)[565]
300 (1702)[565]
250 (1777)[565]
200 (1804)[565]
Karankawanos

(Aislados)

8.000-10.000 (1600)[567] 8.000 (1685)[568]
2.800 (1690)[390][569]
3.000 (1700)[569]
2.500 (c. 1750)[568]
1.000 (1800)[569]
100 (1840)[570] 20 (1823)[570]
Kiowas (¿Dotames?)

(Siux)

2.000 (1780)[571] 120[572]​-1.000 (1805)[530]
10 casas (1805)[572]
1.165 (1910)[571]
6.000 (2000)[571]
30 (1805)[572]
Mandan

(Siux)

15.000 (1738)[573]
1.000 casas (1738)[573]
3.600 (1750)[574]
3.600 (1780)[575]

9.000 (1780)
(incluyendo hidatsas
y arikaras)
[574]

2.000-3.000 (1804-05)[576]
1.200[577]​-1.250 (1805)[575][577]
1.600 (1837)[577][574]
450 (1871)[575]
249 (1905)[575]
209 (1910)[575]
800 (2000)[575]
350 (1738)[573]
Missouri

(Siux)

200 familias (1702)[578]
1.000 (1780)[579]
300 (1804)[579]
80 (1829)[579]
13 (1910)[579]
Omaha
Ponca

(Siux)

4.600 (1670)[580]
4.000 (1700)[580]
7.200 (1702)[530]
1.200 familias (1702)[530]
2.800 (1780)[580]
300 (1802)[581]
600 (1804)[580]
1.900 (1829)[582]
1.600 (1849)[580]
1.349 (1880)[580]
1.105[580]​-1.980[530]​(1910) 150 (1804)[581]
Osage

(Siux)

8.000 (1700)[583] 1.200-1.500 familias (1701)[584]
6.200 (1780)[583]
5.200 (1821)[584]
5.000 (1829)[584]
4.102 (1843)[584]
3.758 (1858)[584]
3.001 (1877)[584]
1.994 (1906)[584]
18.000 (2000)[583]
1.250 (1804)[584]
Otoe (Oto)

(Siux)

2.000 (1655)[585] 900 (1780)[585] 500 (1805)[586]
1.200 (1833)[586]
900 (1849)[586]
390 (1906)[586]
2.000 (2000)[585]
Pawnees[n 16]

(Cadd.)

100.000 (1492)[535] 2.000 familias (1702)[587]
20.000 (1750)[530]
5.000 (1811)
8.000-11.000 (1834)
12.500 (1846)
4.000 (1860)
633[588]​-650[530]​(1910)
3.000 (2000)[588]
3.700 (1764)
1.993 (1806)
2.000 (1828)
1.200 (1848)
Siux
  • Dakota
    • Santee
    • Yankton
    • Yanktonai
  • Lakota (Teton)
    • Sičháŋǧu
      (Brulé, Burned Thighs)
    • Oglála
      (Scatters Their Own)
    • Itázipčho
      (Sans Arc, No Bows)
    • Húŋkpapȟa (Hunkpapa)
    • Mnikȟówožu (Miniconjou)
    • Sihásapa (Blackfoot Sioux)
    • Oóhenuŋpa (Two Kettles)
  • Nakoda (Stoney)
  • Assiniboine
    (Nakota, Assiniboin)

(Siux)

35.000 (1640)[589]
28.000 (1660)[530]
40.000-45.000 (1680)[530]
25.000 (1700)[589]

5.000 da. (1640)[590]
25.000 la. (1640)[591]
2.000 na. (1640)[592]
5.000 da. (1700)[590]
20.000 la. (1700)[591]
1.000 na. (1700)[592]

24.000 (1702)[530]
4.000 familias (1702)[530]
30.000 (1766)[530]
12.000-15.000 (1786)[530]
25.000 (1800)[589]

4.000 da. (1800)[590]
25.000 la. (1800)[591]


10.000 ass. (1780)[593]

27.000 (1900)[589]

4.300 na. (1807)[594]
10.000 da. (1890)[595]
6.100 da. (1900)[590]
15.000 la. (1900)[591]
5.600 na. (1900)[592]


1.750 yai. (1806)[596]
700 yan. (1807)[594]
5.200 yai. (1823)[596]
6.000 yai. (1842)[596]
2.500 yan. (1842)[594]
6.400 yai. (1856)[596]
3.000 yan. (1862)[594]
4.500 yai. (1867)[596]
2.530 yan. (1867)[594]
6.618 yai. (1885)[596]
5.109 yai. (1886)[596]
1.776 yan.(1886)[594]


8.000 ass. (1805)[530]
8.000 ass. (1829)[597]
10.000 ass. (1835)[597]
6.000 ass. (1836)[597]
1.000-1.200 casas ass. (1838)[597]
7.000 ass. (1843)[597]
3.008 ass. (1890)[597]

27.715[589]​-28.780 (1904)[598]
101.000 (2000)[589]

5.590 da. (1904)[590]
15.627 la. (1904)[591]
12.200 da. (2000)[590]
72.000 la. (2000)[591]
6.500 na. (2000)[592]


2.600 ass. (1904)[597]
2.605 ass. (1910)[530]
8.300 ass. (2000)[593]

4.000-7.000 (1660)[530]
8.000-9.000 (1680)[530]
2.000 (1763)[598]
6.000 (1766)[530]
3.000 (1786)[530]
6.000 (1890-91)[599]
Tonkawan

Emparentados con los
Coahuiltecas

1.600 (1690)[390][600] 1.000 (1778)[600]
600 (1782)[601]
300 (1828)[600]
92 (1880)[600]
42 (1908)[600]
1.000 (2000)[600]
300 (1778)[601]
150 (1779)[600]
Wichitas

(Cadd.)

3.200 (1690)[390] 6.000[602]​-
200.000 (1719)[603]
3.500 (1772)[602]
3.200-4.000 (1778)[602]
3.200 (1790)[603]
2.600 (1805)[602]
10.000 (1806)[604]
2.800 (1809)[602]
572 (1868)[603]
600 (1906)[604]
2.000 (2000)[605]
820 (1772)[604]
800 (1778)[604]
660 (1805)[604]

Suroeste[editar]

Pueblo Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(1901-2000)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Suroeste 100.000 (s. XVI)[606]
Apaches

(Na-dené)

5.000 occ. (1500)[607] 5.000 (1680)[608]

700 me. (1690)[609]
500 li. (1690)[609]
6.000 li. (1700)[610]

+300 ki. (1780)[609]
3.000 me.-occ. (1790-96)[611]
2.000 me. (1796)[611]
750 li. (1800)[610]
800 (1845)[612]
5.100-12.000 (1869)[n 17]
5.000 (1877)[613]

250 ji. (1853)[614]
1.200-1.900 chi. (1871)[615]
1.675 chi. (1872)[616]
2.000 chi. (1878)[615]
647 co. (1900)[617]

6.119 (1910)[608][n 18]
6.630 (1923)[608]
6.537 (1930)[608]
6.916 (1937)[608]
25.000 (1990)[618]

795 ji. (1905)[614]

3.000 (1869)[n 19]

200 li. (1810)[619]
200-300 ji. (1854)[n 20]
500 chi. (1862)[620]
100 mes. (1879)[615]
500 kio-occ. (1886)[621]

Aranama (Tamique,
aka Hanáma, Hanáme,
Chaimamé, Charinames,
Xaranames, Taranames)

(Aislada)

125 (1822)[622]
Cáhitas[623]
(mayoría en Sonora y Sinaloa)

(Tepimanos)

50.000-60.000 (1700) 40.000 (1906)
Coahuiltecas

(Aislados)

7.500[390]​-15.000 (1690)[624]
86.000-100.000 (1690)[625]
5.000 (1800)[626]
Cucapá

(Yum.-coch.)

6.000-7.000 (1601)[627] 3.000 (1775-76)[628] 800 (1856)[628] 1.000 (2000)[627] 300 (1856)[628]
Halchidhoma[629]

(Yum.-coch.)

3.000 (1680) 1.000 (1770)
Hualapai
(Walapai, Hwalbáy)[630]

(Yum.-coch.)

700 (1680) 1.000 (1880)[631]
728 (1889)
631 (1897)
501 (1910)
440 (1923)
1.600 (2000)
Havasupai (Havasu 'Baaja)[632]

(Yum.-coch.)

300 (1680) 300 (1869) 233 (1902)
174 (1905)
400 (2000)
Suma-Jumano

(Uto-azt.)

10.000 sh. (1582) 10.000 ju. (1690) 50 familias sh. (1744)
500 ju. (1755)
210 ju. (1765)
21 familias sh. (1765)
1 sh. (1897)
50 ju. (1900)
300 ju. (2004)
Kohuana

(Uto-azt.)

3.000 (1680)[635][636] 3.000 (1776)[635]
1.000 (1800)[635]
50 (1900)[635]
Mansos

(Desconocido)

+1.000 (1668)[637]
Maricopas[638]

(Yum.-coch.)

2.000 (1680) 6.000 (1742)
(con los pimas)
3.000 (1774)
400 (1900) 386 (1910)
800 (2000)
Mojave

(Yum.-coch.)

20.000 (s. XVI)[639] 3.000 (1680)[640] 3.000 (1770)[639]
3.000 (1775-76)[641]
4.000 (1834)[641] 1.589 (1905)[641]
3.800 (2000)[640]
Navajos

(Na-de.)

8.000 (1680)[642]
6.000 (1700)[643]
4.000 (s. XVIII)[644] 8.000 (1864)[645]
+7.300 (1867)[642]
9.000-15.000 (1869)[642]
17.204 (1890)[642]
20.000 (1900)[642]
22.455 (1910)[642]
30.000 (1923)[642]
44.304 (1937)[642]
9.500 familias (1940)[646]
219.198 (1990)[643]
3.000 (1868)[647]
Pima
Tucson
Pápagos
(Tohono O'odham)
Sobaipuri

(Uto-azt.)

50.000 pa. (1500)[648] 4.000 pi. (1680)[649]
600 so. (1680)[650]
3.000 pa. (1700)[648]
331 tu. (1760-67)[651]
200 familias tu. (1772)
(80 familias pi.)[651]
2.500 pi. (1775)[649]
760 tu. (1848)[651]
3.067 pi (1869)
7.399 pa. (1897)[652]
3.936 pi. (1906)[649]
4.981 pa. (1906)[653]
6.000 pa. (1967)[654]
17.589 pa. (1991)[648]
20.000 pi. (2000)[655]
1.000-1.200 pi. (1869)
Tompiro

(Uto.-azt.)

2.000 (1598)[656]
Yaqui

(Uto-azt.)

60.000 (1608-10)[657] 10.000 (s. XVIII)
(en misiones jesuitas)[658]
4.000 (1887)[657] 7.000 (1608-10)[657]
2.000 (1882)[659]
Yavapai (Mojave-Apache)[660]

(Uto.-azt.)

1.000 (1873) 500-600 (1903)
520 (1906)
Indios pueblo
  • Hano (Tano, Hopi-Tewa,
    Arizona-Tewa, Tewa del
    Sur, Hano, Thano)
  • Hopi
  • Keres (Keresanos)
  • Tewa
  • Tiwa
  • Towa (Jemez)
  • Zuñi

(Uto-azt.)
(la mayoría)

80.000 (1528)[661]
40.000 (1540)[662]
17.000 (1598)[661]
+2.500 (1680)[663]
(taos, picurís, jemez, Kha'p'oo
Owinge
, kewa, tesuque,
Ohkay Owingeh, nambé)
Hopi

(Uto-azt.)

50.000 (1581)[664] 14.000 (1633)[664]
2.800 (1680)[665]
2.300 (1800)[665] 1.824 (1890)[664]
631 (1897)[665]
1.878 (1904)[664]
20.000 (2000)[665]
Jemez[666]

(Uto-azt.)

3.000 (1630)
5.000 (1680)
300 (1706)
100 (1744)
272 (1797)
299 (1810)
650 (1860)
641 (1930)
3.400 (2005)
Keresan

(Keresanos)

4.000 (1630)[667] 3.956 (1760)[668]
4.021 (1790-93)[668]
3.653 (1805)[668]
2.676 (1860)[668]
4.027 (1910)[668]
22.000 (2000)[669]
Pecos[670]

(Na-de.)

2.000-2.500 (1629) 599 (1760)
152 (1790-93)
104 (1805)
17 (1834)
25 (1906)
Piro

(Uto-azt.)

9.000 (1600)[671] 6.000[671]​-11.400[672]​(1630) 297 (1752)[672]
382 (1789)[672]
400 (1900)[672] 1.700 (2000)[672]
Tano

(Uto-azt.)

40.000 (1540)[673] 4.000 (1630)[673]
800 (1680)[674]
150 (1706)[674]
135 (1756)[674]
Tewa

(Uto-azteca)

6.000 (1630)[675]
2.200 (1680)[676]
1.000 (1800)[676] 1.500 (1900)[676] 6.000 (2000)[676] 1.200 (1630)[675]
Tiwa (Tigua)

(Uto-azt.)

6.000 (1629)[677]
11.500 (1630)[678]
5.500 (1680)[677]
1.000 (1706)[678] 1.633 (1810)[678] 1.650 (1910)[678]
6.600 (2000)[678]
Zuñi

(Aislada)

40.000 (1583)[679] 10.000 (1630)[679]
2.500 (1680)[679]
1.617-2.716 (1820)[679]
1.630 (1880)[679]
1.640 (1910)[679]
8.400 (2000)[680]

California[editar]

Pueblo
(filiación)
Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(1901-2000)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
California 1.520.000 (1770)[681]
705.000 (1770)[682]
260.000 (1770)[683]
133.000 (1770)[684]
350.000 (1770)[685]
310.000 (1770)[686][687]
260.000 (1800)[688]
c. 250.000 (1830)[687]
210.000 (1834)[688]
150.000 (1845)[687]
100.000 (1849)[688]
85.000 (1852)[688]
50.000 (1855)[687]
50.000 (1856)[688]
35.000 (1860)[688]
30.000 (1870)[688]
20.500 (1880)[688]
18.000 (1890)[688]
15.000-20.000 (1900)[688]

En las misiones:
20.000 (1769)[689]
30.650 (1834)[690]

15.000 (1906)[691]
18.000 (1907)[688]
25.000 (1910)[687]
198.275 (1980)[688]

Yumano-chochimíes:
3.700 (1909)[692]

Achomawi[693]

(Palaihnihanos)

1.500 (1770) 3.000 (1848-52) 1.000 (1910)
400 (1930)
1.500 (2000)
Alchedoma[694]

(Yum.-coch.)

2.000 (1604-05)
160 casas (1604-05)
2.500 (1776)
Atsugewi[695]

(Pala.)

3.000 (1770)[696]
(con los achumawi)
850 (1770)[697]
1.100 (1910)[696]
500 (1936)[696]
25 (1972)
50 (2000)
Cajuenche[698]

(Yum.-coch.)

3.000 (1775-76) 10 (1906)
Chasta (Shasta)

(Atab.)

3.000 (1492)[699] 2.000 (1770)[699][700]
3.300-5.900 (1770)[701]
123 (1867)[702]
Chilula[703]

(atap.)

500 (1770)
1.000 (1770)
(con los whilkut)[696]
500-600 (1770)[704][705]
50 (1910)
Chimariko[706]

(¿Hoka.?)

1.000 (1770)
(incluyendo New River, Konomihu y
Okwanuchu de los Shastas)

100 (1770)[707]
250 (1849)
20 (1880)[708]
Chumash

(Hokanos)

10.000 (1770)[709]
8.000-20.400 (1770)[710]
10.000 (1780)[711]
2.788 (1831)[711]
2.471 (1832)[711]
1.150 (1848)[711]
659 (1865)[711]
38 (1910)[711]
14 (1930)[711]
40 (1974)[711]
223 (1989)[711]
1.500 (2000)[711]
Cochimíes[712]

(Yum.-coch.)

5.385 (1787)
Coso (Koso)[713]

(Uto-azt.)

150 (1883)
100 (1891)
Eel, atapascanos del río
  • Wailaki
  • Lassik
  • Mattole
  • Nongatl
  • Sinkyone

(atap.)

3.000[696]​-10.717 (1770)[714]
4.700 (1770)
(incluyendo Kato)[715]
1.000 wai. (1770)[716]
1.000 la.-no.-si. (1770)[716]
300 (1910)[696]
500 (2000)[717]
Esselen
Sarhentaruc

(Na-dené)

500-1.000 es. (1600)[718][719]
750-1.300 es. (1600)[718][720]
125 sa. (1600)[718][720]
750 es. (1770)[721]
500 es. (1800)[721]
50 es. (1900)[721] 50 es. (2000)[721]
Havasupai[722]

(Yum.-coch.)

300 (1869) 233 (1902)
174 (1905)
600 (2000)[723]
Hupa

(Atabas.)

1.000[696][704][705]​-2.900 (1770)[724]
2.000 (1770)[716]
500 (1910)[696]
Karok (karuk)

(¿Hokan.?)

1.500 (1770)[696]
2.000[725]​-2.700[726]​(1770)
800 (1910)[696]
Kato[727]​ (cahto)

(atabas.)

500[716][696][728]​-1.100[729]​(1770) 51 (1910)
50 (1963)
56 (2006)
Kitanemuk

(Uto-azt.)

3.500 (1770)[696]
(incluyendo Serrano y Tataviam)
500-1.000 (1770)[730]
150 (1910)[696]
(incluyendo Serrano y Tataviam)
Kumeyaay
(kamia, diegueño,
kumiai, tipai-ipai)[731]

(Yum.-coch.)

3.000 (1770)[732]
6.000-9.000 (1770)[733]
16.000-19.000 (1770)[734]
3.000-9.000 (1800)[735]
1.711 (1828)[733]
1.571 (1860)[733]
640 (1895)
3.200 (1900)[736]
901 (1913)
1.322 (1968)[733]
Luiseño

(Uto-azt.)

10.000 (1700)[737][738] 4.000-5.000 (1770)[716][739]
6.000 (1800)[737]
3.683 (1828)[737]
2.500-2.800 (1856)[740]
1.142 (1885)[737]
500 (1910)[739]
983 (1914)[737]
2.600 (2000)[737]
Maidu (konkow)
Nisenan

(Pen.)

9.000-9.500 ma. (1770)[741][742]
9.000 ni. (1770)[743]
7.000 (1848)[741]
2.300 (1856)[741]
1.550 (1865)[741]
1.000 (1880)[741]
1.100 (1910)[741]
1.700 (2000)[741]
Miwok

(Pen.)

11.000 (1770):[744]
500 laguneros (1770)[744]
1.500 costeros (1770)[744]
9.000 serranos (1770)[744]
6.500 (1848)[745]
1.080 (1880)[745]
671[746]​-1.100 (1910)[745]
491 (1930)[746]
1.500 (2000)[745]
Mono
  • Occidentales (Monache)
  • Orientales

(Uto-azt.)

4.000 (1770)[716][696]
1.800 oc. (1770)[747]
1.500 (1910)[696]
Ohlone (Costanoans)
(Yum.-coch.)
Salinan
(Hok.)
10.000-11.000 oh. (1769)[748]
26.000 ambos (1769)[749]
7.000[750]​-10.000 oh.[751]​(1769)
3.000 sa. (1770)[752][753]
4.400 sa. (1771)[754]
2.400 sa. (1797)[754]
700 sa. (1831)[754]
1.000 oh. (1848)[755]
300 oh. (1880)[755]
250 oh. (2000)[755]
50 sa. (2000)[756]
Patwin
  • Norteños
  • Sureños

Nomlaki
Wintu
(Wintun)

(Pen.)

12.000 pat. (1770)[696]
11.300 pat.-nom. (1770)[757]
3.300-5.000 sureños (1770)[757][758]
2.950-5.300 win. (1770)[757][758]
8.000 nom.-norteños (1770)[757]
2.000 nom. (1770)[759]
12.000 win. (1776)[760]
8.000 win. (1848)[761]
1.500 win. (1880)[761]
710 win. (1910)[761]
3.200 win. (2000)[761]
Pomo

(Pala.)

8.000 (1770)[762]
10.000-18.000 (1800)[763]
3.500-5.000 (1851)[762]
1.450 (1880)[762]
1.200 (1910)[764]
2.400 (2000)[765]
Tongva
  • Fernandino
  • Gabrielino
  • Nicoleno

(Na-dené)

5.000 (1770)[716][766]
4.000 (1800)[767]
50 (1900)[767] 300 (2000)[767]
Tübatulabal

(Uto-azt.)

1.000 (1770)[716][696] 200-300 (1850)[768] 150 (1910)[696]
Walapai (Hualapai)

(Yum.-coch.)

700 (1680)[769] 728 (1889)[770]
631 (1897)[770]
498 (1910)[770]
440 (1923)[769]
1.532 (1990)[769]
1.600 (2000)[769]
Wappo

(Yuki-wappo)

1.000[696][771]​-1.650[772]​(1770) 188-800 (1850)[773]
50 (1880)[774]
73 (1910)[774]
250 (2000)
Whilkut

(Atapas.)

500 (1770)[705] 50 (1910)[775]
20-25 (1972)[775]
250-350 (1858)[776]
Wiyot

(Álg.)

1.000[771][696]​-1.500[777]​(1770)
3.300 (1770)[778]
100 (1910)[696]
Yana

(Na-dené)

1.500[696]​-1.900 (1770)[779]
1.500-3.000 (1800)[780]
2.000 (1848)[781]
Yokut

(Pen.)

18.000[696]​-70.000[782]​(1770) 14.000 (1848)[783]
13.000 (1852)[783]
533 (1910)[696]
1.500 (2000)[696]
Yuki

(Yuki-wappo)

2.000[771]​-3.000 (1770)[696]
3.500[784]​-9.730[785]​(1770)
Yurok

(Álg.)

2.500[696][771][786]​-3.100 (1770)[787] 1.350 (1870)[788] 668[788]​-700[696]​(1910)

Gran Cuenca[editar]

Pueblo Población
(antes de 1600)
Población
(1601-1700)
Población
(1701-1800)
Población
(1801-1900)
Población
(1901-2000)
Guerreros u
hombres adultos
(fecha)
Cahuilla[789]

Uto-azt.

2.000[716]​-8.000 (1770) 1.181 (1865)
1.262 (1892)
3.000 (2000)
Chemehuevi
Kawaiisu
Timbisha

(Koso, Panamint)

Uto-azt.

1.000 (1700)[790] 1500 (1770)
(Chemehuevi, Timbisha)[696]
1.550 (1770)[790]
(Chemehuevi, Kawaiisu, Timbisha)
1.500 (1853)[791]
750 (1866)[791]
800 (1873)[790]
300 (1903)[791]
500 (1910)
(Chemehuevi, Kawaiisu, Timbisha)[696]
150 (2000)[790]
Paiute
  • Sureños
  • Norteños
    • Mono sureños
    • Mono norteños

Uto-azt.

8.000 no. (s. XVIII)[792] 7.500 (1845)[793]

7.500 no. (1845)[792]
2.000 no. (1853)[794]
1.500 su. (1873)[795]
6.500 no. (1873)[792]
6.500-7.000 no. (1878)[796]


2.500 mo. (inicios s. XIX)[797]

780 su. (1910)[795]
4.486 no. (1910)[792]
800 su. (2000)[795]
13.250 no. (2000)[792]
700-1.500 (1878)[798]
500 su. (1853)[794]
800 no. (1867)[799]
1.000 no. (1878)[800]
Quechan (Yuma)[801]

Yum.-coch.

4.000 (1700) 3.000 (1775) 3.000 (1853)[802]
2.000 (1872)
655 (1910)
3.584 (1991)
Serrano
Kitanemuk
Tataviam

Uto-azt.

500-1.000 ki. (1770)[803]
1.500[804]​-2.500[805]​se. (1770)
3.000 se. (1770)[716]
3.500 (1770)[696][804]
150 (1910)[696]
Shoshones
  • Norteños (Diggers)
  • Occidentales
  • Orientales (Windriver)
  • Lemhi

Uto-azt.

5.000-10.000 occ. (1700)[806]
30.000 no. (1700)[807]
3.000 or. (1700)[808]
2.500 no. (s. XVIII)[809]

4.500 occ. (s. XVIII)[810]
2.000 occ. (1800)[806]

8.000 (1875)[811]

2.500 no. (1845)[809]
2.000 no. (1850)[807]
2.000 no. (1868)[809]


2.000 occ. (1845)[810]
2.100 occ. (1900)[810]


3.000 or. (1840)[812]
1.500-3.000 or. (1900)[813]


1.200 lem. (1860)[814]


Además de 2.000 paiutes
norteños (1845)
[809][810]

3.250 (1909)[815]

2.200 no. (1917)[809]
9.400 no. (2000)[809]


1.800 occ. (1918)[810]
6.000 occ. (2000)[809]


3.000 lem. (1971)[812]

1.200 (1857)[816]
2.000 (1878)
(bannock, shoshones,
paiutes)
[817]
Ute

Uto-azt.

8.000 (1770)[818] 40.000 (1847)[819]
8.000 (1859)[820]
11.300 (1868)[821]
3.000-10.000 (1870)[822]
2.000 (1879)[820]
3.975 (1880)[821]
3.391 (1885)[822]
2.014[822]​-2.300 (1909)[819]
1.771 (1930)[821]
10.000 (1990)[823]
3.000 (1863)[819]
Washos

¿hokanas?

5.000 (1770)[824] 900 (1859)[825]
300 (1900)[824]
1.500 (2000)[824]

Población actual[editar]

EEUU[editar]

Población indígena de los EEUU según el censo oficial de dicho estado llevado a cabo en 2010:[826]

Grupo tribal Amerindio y nativo de Alaska solamente Amerindio y nativo de Alaska solamente Amerindio y nativo de Alaska en combinación con una o más razas diferentes Amerindio y nativo de Alaska en combinación con una o más razas diferentes Amerindio y nativo de Alaska sólo o con cualquier combinación
Un grupo reportado Más de un grupo reportado Un grupo reportado Más de un grupo reportado
Apache 63.193 6.501 33.303 8.813 111.810
Arapaho 8.014 388 2.084 375 10.861
Blackfeet 27.279 4.519 54.109 19.397 105.304
Amerindios canadienses y franceses 6.433 618 6.981 790 14.822
Amerindios centroamericanos 15.882 572 10.865 525 27.844
Cherokee 284.247 16.216 468.082 50.560 819.105
Cheyenne 11.375 1.118 5.311 1.247 19.051
Chickasaw 27.973 2.233 19.220 2.852 52.278
Chippewa 112.757 2.645 52.091 3.249 170.742
Choctaw 103.910 6.398 72.101 13.355 195.764
Colville 8.114 200 2.148 87 10.549
Comanche 12.284 1.187 8.131 1.728 23.330
Cree 2.211 739 4.023 1.010 7.983
Creek 48.352 4.596 30.618 4.766 88.332
Crow 10.332 528 3.309 1.034 15.203
Delaware 7.843 732 9.439 610 18.264
Hopi 12.580 2.054 3.013 680 18.327
Houma 8.169 71 2.438 90 10.768
Iroqueses 40.570 1.891 34.490 4.051 81.002
Kiowa 9.437 918 2.947 485 13.787
Lumbee 62.306 651 10.039 695 73.691
Menominee 8.374 253 2.330 176 11.133
Amerindios mexicanos 121.221 2.329 49.670 2.274 175.494
Navajo 286.731 8.285 32.918 4.195 332.129
Osage 8.938 1.125 7.090 1.423 18.576
Ottawa 7.272 776 4.274 711 13.033
Paiute 9.340 865 3.135 427 13.767
Pima 22.040 1.165 3.116 334 26.655
Potawatomi 20.412 462 12.249 648 33.711
Pueblo 49.695 2.331 9.568 946 62.540
Salishanos 14.320 215 5.540 185 20.260
Seminole 14.080 2.368 12.447 3.076 31.971
Shoshón 7.852 610 3.969 571 13.002
Sioux 112.176 4.301 46.964 6.669 170.110
Amerindios sudamericanos 20.901 479 25.015 838 47.233
Amerindios españoles 13.460 298 6.012 181 19.951
Tohono O'Odham 19.522 725 3.033 198 23.478
Ute 7.435 785 2.802 469 11.491
Yakama 8.786 310 2.207 224 11.527
Yaqui 21.679 1.516 8.183 1.217 32.595
Yuman 7.727 551 1.642 169 10.089
Otras tribus amerindias 270.141 12.606 135.032 11.850 429.629
No especificadas 131.943 117 102.188 72 234.320
Amerindios 2.067.306 96.887 1.314.126 153.252 346.130
Atabascanos 15.623 804 5.531 526 22.484
Aleutas 11.920 723 6.108 531 19.282
Inupiat 24.859 877 7.051 573 33.360
Tlingit-Haida 15.256 859 9.331 634 26.080
Tsimshian 2.307 240 1.010 198 3.755
Yupik 28.927 691 3.961 310 33.889
No especificados 19.731 173 9.896 133 29.933
Nativos de Alaska 118.623 4.367 42.888 2.905 168.783
Total 2.879.638 52.610 2.209.267 79.064 5.220.579

Notas[editar]

  1. United States. Census Office. 7th Census, 1850, James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow. Statistical View of the United States: Embracing Its Territory, Population--white, Free Colored, and Slave--moral and Social Condition, Industry, Property, and Revenue; the Detailed Statistics of Cities, Towns and Counties; Being a Compendium of the Seventh Census, to which are Added the Results of Every Previous Census, Beginning with 1790, in Comparative Tables, with Explanatory and Illustrative Notes, Based Upon the Schedules and Other Official Sources of Information. Washington: Beverly Tucker, Senate Printer, 1854, pp. 191. En 1789 habían 76.000 indios en el territorio de esa época de los EEUU, para 1825 por las anexiones territoriales pasó 129.366, en 1853 eran 490.764.
  2. Wackyfarm.com - Abenaki Ethnography

    There are varied estimates as to the population prior to contact. As described by Samuel Purchas, "an estimated total of about 1,250 houses and 3,000 adult men, or a total population of about 10,000 in A.D. 1600 (Snow, 138)."

    • Snow, Dean. "Eastern Abenaki." Handbook of North American Indians. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.
  3. American Indian holocaust and survival: a population history since 1492, Russell Thornton, pp. 32-33, University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

    Henry Dobyns's recent work (1983) focused on the native populations of eastern North America, particulary those of modern-day Florida. He asserted that the aboriginal Timucuan population was perheaps 722,000 in 1517, or even larger. This is over 30 times Mooney's (1928:8) estimate 24,000 for the entire state of Florida.
    (...) For example, using Mooney's figures, Maurice A. Mook derived aboriginal populations of 54,000 for tidewater Virginia and 41,900 for the "South Atlantic slope", 8,000 for the Delaware Indians, and 4,700 for the Algonquin of Delaware and Maryland (Mook, 1944:206). (...) And Ubelaker (1974:69) revised Mooney's estimate of 2,000 Conoy upward to between 7,000 and 8,400.
    Research has been done on aboriginal populations of the New England area as well. Sherburne Cook, in a monograph on yhis area only (1976c), estimated that the 10 major tribal groups there totaled 71,900 in the seventeenth century (Cook, 1976c:84). Neal Salisbury (1982:30) arrived at the range of 126,000 to 144,000 for same approximate area. Dean R. Snow (1980:35) arrived at an estimate of 105,200 for close to the same area and a range of 158,000 to 187,300 for a somewhat larger area for the year 1600 (Snow 1980:33). (...) More recently, the early Mohawk population was estimated at from 13,700 to 17,000 (Snow, 1980:41; also Starna, 1980), a figure far larger than earlier estimates; and Snow (1980:36-38) estimated a population of 11,900 for the Eastern Abenaki in 1605.



  4. Natives and newcomers: Canada's "heroic age" reconsidered, Bruce G. Trigger, pp. 234-235, McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1986.

    In 1950 Robert Popham suggested a pre-epidemic Huron population of 45,000 to 50,000, figures that continue to be cited in some works (Schlesier 1976:137). (...)
    In 1969 I suggested a reduced total of about 18,000 Hurons prior to the epidemic of the late 1630s (Trigger 1969:11-13). In their census of 1640 the Jesuits counted among the Hurons and Petuns 32 settlements, 700 longhouses, and 2,000 hearths, which, since two families normally shared a single hearth, would mean 4,000 families. (...) in normal times a Huron family had between five and eight members (Heidenreich 1971:99), we can calculate a combined Huron and Petun population of between 20,000 and 32,000, the median value of wich indicates that 19,500 Hurons were alive in 1639. Allowing for a 20 per cent mortality rate in the epidemics of 1634 to 1637 would raise this figure to approximately 23,500 prior to epidemics. Heidenreich (1971: 96-103) estimated a pre-epidemic Huron population using three separate techniques: a post figure of 9,000 (...) These calculations produced mediam estimates running from 16,000 to 22,500 and an average estimate of 21,000.
    So far, these challenges have sought to defend the accuracy of Champlain's figure of 32,000. (...) J. A. Dickison (1980) has argued that becaused of diseases brought into the Huron country by Europeans after 1610, its population declined from 25,000 to 30,000 in 1600 to about 20,000 in 1634. (...)
    The Neutrals, who appear to have had a population of about 12,000 after 1639 (Thwaites 1896-1901, 21:223), had probably suffered a decline proportional to that of the Hurons. (...) It has long been estimated that the Iroquois had an aboriginal population of 10,000 to 12,000, on basis of a report which states that they had 2,000 warriors in 1668 (Thwaites 1896-1901, 51:139); however, Mooney reduced this figure to 5,500, (...) On the basis of Bogaert's settlement data for 1634, and assuming death rate of 50 to 70 per cent, W. A. Starna (1980) has estimated a pre-epidemic population for the Mohawks alone of 10,000 to 17,000. (...) Hence the pre-epidemic figures that his data indicate are actually between 6,600 and 8.300.



  5. Champlain's dream, David Hackett Fischer, pp. 280, ed. Simon and Schuster, 2008.

    Champlain's two campaigns in 1609 and 1610 cost the Mohawk between 150 and 250 warriors. Their total population was between 5,000 and 8,000, of whom less than a quater were warriors, perhaps 1,000 to 2,000 men.



  6. The Indian population of New England in the seventeenth century, Sherburne Friend Cook, cap. 2, pp. 13, University of California Press, 1976.

    The Pennacook Confederacy occupied New Hampshire, northeastern Massachusetts, and the southern tip of Maine. (...) At the ratio of four to one, 3,000 warriors implies a total populations of 12,000 souls. This figure has been in doubt ever since Gookin suggest it. It was quoted by Hoyt (1824: pp. 28), by Drake (1867: pp. 8-9), and by Day (1962: pp. 29) without adverse criticism, but Krzywicki (1934: pp. 518) and others have felt that 3,000 persons might have been meant rather than others 3,000 men. (...)



  7. Los últimos cientos de susquehannock se establecieron en Conestoga Town, Pennsylvania, en 1690, bajo la protección del gobernador, a pesar de lo cual su población continuo disminuyendo. Durante la Guerra Franco-india y la rebelión de Pontiac y a pesar que en la zona no estaba involucrada en el conflicto directamente y que los conestogas vivían pacíficamente desde hacía décadas con los colonos un grupo de pioneros irlandeses y escoceses, los Paxton Boys, atacaron la villa indígena, quemando las cabañas y asesinando a 6 indios (14 de diciembre de 1763). El gobernador John Penn ordeno investigar lo sucedido, llegándose a la conclusión que había sido un homicidio. Los sobrevivientes, 14 ó 16, fueron puestos bajo protección en una prisión donde irrumpieron los pioneros el 27 de diciembre donde masacraron y mutilaron a 6 adultos y 8 niños, dejando, según la fuente, a ningún o a dos sobrevivientes de destino desconocido.
  8. A population history of the Huron-Petun, A.D. 500-1650, Gary A. Warrick, pp. 82-83, tabla 5.2, Cambridge University Press, 2008. Population Estimates for Various Northern Iroquoian Groups.
    Iroquoian group Preepidemic Population Estimate
    (c.1535)
    Postepidemic Population Estimate
    (c.1640)
    Source
    Wendat 10,000 - Mooney, 1928:23-24
    Wendat 45,000-50,000 - Popham 1950:86-87
    Wendat 20,000 9,000 Trigger 1990:18-19
    Wendat 23,500 9,000 Trigger 1985:234
    Wendat 16,000-22,500
    (21,000)
    9,000 Heidenreich 1971:96-103
    Wendat 18,000-22,000
    (20,000)
    9,000 Heidenreich 1978
    Wendat 20,000 - Heidenreich 1987
    Wendat 25,000-30,000 10,000 Dickinson 1980
    Wendat 30,000 - Wright 1977: 184; 1987
    Wendat 30,000 9,000-12,000 Johnston 1987:20-21
    Wendat 25,000-30,000 10,000 Clermont 1980
    Tionontaté 8,000 - Mooney1928:23-24
    Tionontaté 8,000-9,000 2,000 Trigger 1990:19,25
    Tionontaté 12,000 2,900 Garrad 1975
    Tionontaté 8,000 3,000 Garrad & Heidenreich 1978
    Tionontaté 5,000-10,000 3,500-4,000 Clermont 1980
    Tionontaté 8,200 - Snow 1992b
    Neutral 35,000-40,000 12,000-20,000 Noble 1984:17
    Neutral 20,000-30,000 12,000 Clermont 1980
    Neutral 18,750 - Fitzgerald 1990
    Neutral 24,000 - Snow 1992b
    Iroquois 5,500 - Mooney 1928
    Iroquois 12,000 - Tuck 1971
    Iroquois 20,000 - Trigger 1978:98
    Iroquois 22,100 - Snow 1992b
    Iroquois 15,000-20,000 8,000 Clermont 1980
    Seneca 5,200-5,500(a) - Vandrei 1987
    Seneca - 4,000 Tooker 1978:421
    Cayuga - 1,200 Tooker 1978:421
    Oneida - 400 Tooker 1978:421
    Onondaga 1,000-2,000(a) - Bradley 1987
    Onondaga - 1,200 Tooker 1978a:421
    Mohawk 11,000 4,500 Starna 1980
    Mohawk 8,100 2,000 Snow & Lanphear 1988

    (a) Population estimates from village number and size (converting site area into population by multiplying total hectares by 500 people per hectare [see Wright 1987]).

  9. Población combinada de los acolapissa, bayougoula y houmas.
  10. American holocaust: the conquest of the New World, David E. Stannard, Oxford University Press US, 1993, pp. 308; referencia n°40:

    The number of Indians under Powhatan's control in 1607 comes from Axtell, "Rise and Fall of the Powhatan Empire," p. 190. The reference to a population of more than 100,000 prior to European contact is in J. Leitch Wright, Jr., The Only Land They Knew: The Tragic History of the Indians in the Old South (New York: Free Press, 1981), p. 60 (...)



  11. Todo cálculo desde la segunda mitad del siglo XVI se basa en datos de estimaciones de familias e indios tributarios en las zonas de dominio español que estuvieron limitadas a regiones alrededor de los fuertes o los que vivían en las misiones sacerdotales, por lo que es cuestionable si incluían a toda la población nativa o solo a los que habitaban en zonas bajo su dominio. Sin embargo, el dominio español nunca fue completo en la península, muchos de sus fuertes y misiones terminaron por ser abandonados ante el avance de franceses y británicos o al constante rechazo de los indígenas, en especial el sur de la península lo que llevaría a los Jesuítas a abandonar la región en 1572. A estos factores debe de sumársele la conquista de los Creek y Yamasee (aliados de los ingleses) quienes destruyeron las misiones al norte de la Florida, muchos de los timucuas y apalechees pasaron a formar partes de esas tribus.
  12. Biocultural histories in La Florida: a bioarchaeological perspective, Christopher Michael Stojanowski, cap. 3, pp. 34-35, University of Alabama Press, 2005.

    (...) These numbers result in a mid-16th-century population size of approximately 8,000 to 12,000 individuals for Guale. Milanich, using a more broadly inclusive definition encompassing a greater portion of the Georgia and South Carolina coasts, estimated a pre-contact population size of 31,000 individuals based on similarities in settlement density with eastern Timicua chiefdoms (Milanich 1999:45).
    For Timucua, precontact population size estimates vary widely from a maximum of 670,000-plus Dobyns and Swagerty (1980) to much more modest estimates in ten of thousands (Deagan 1978; Milanich 1978). (...) For Yustaga, the population size was estimated at 6,000-12,000 individuals, essentially similar to that based on the early contact period warrior count discussed above (Milanich 1978). (...) Worth estimated a total interior Timucua population size of 27,000 individuals, and he concluded, "It must be remembered that the figures used as baseline populations in this chapter represent the interior Timucua following more than half a century of sporadic European contact. The originals populations of the prehistoric Timucuan chiefdoms fo Florida's interior might well have exceeded 50,000...suggesting that a 1492 Timucua-speaking population of 150,000 is probably a sound estimate" (Worth 1998b:8).
    therefore, Worth concedes that the estimates of Milanich (1996) to 150,000 individuals and Milanich (1999) of perhaps 200,000 individuals is a reasonable precontact population size figure for all Timucuan-speaking chiefdoms in Florida and Georgia. This numbers number has recieved general consensus among historian (Hann 1996; Milanich 1996, 1999; Worth 1998b). (...) Apalachee and their eastern neighbors suggest precontact population density of approximately 40 people per square mile for Apalachee, (Milanich 1999:50), which results in a precontact population size of 50,000 individuals within this small, circumscribed province. Hann (1998) cites several period enumerations of between 25,000 and 30,000 Apalachee at the time of first contact.



  13. Véase la anterior
  14. Hernando De Soto: a savage quest in the Americas, David Ewing Duncan, University of Oklahoma Press, 1997, pp. 502, referencia n°297:

    many as 100,000: As always, populations are difficult to ascertain for native polities. Henry Dobyns, in Their Numbers Become Thinned, argued that the Calusa, Timucua, and Apalachee together had a population of 919,600 in c. 1517, with about 100,000 of these people Apalachee. This is a high-end estimate based on a highly optimistic analysis of what population the land, based on its fertility, might have supported (Dobyns 135-144). Milanich and Fairbanks have estimated the Apalachee population to be "at least" 25,000 when Soto came through, adding that disease and other factors had caused it to decline to about 5,000 by the mission period (Milanich and Fairbanks, Florida Archaeology, 230). See Hann, Apalachee, 160-161, for a detailed analysis of Apalachee population estimates.



  15. Durante la guerra de la reina Ana (1702-1713) los británicos y sus aliados indígenas atacaron las misiones españolas donde vivían los apalaches porque España era aliada de Francia. Para los apalaches unos dos a cuatro mil fueron esclavizados, dos mil muertos y dos mil sobrevivientes tuvieron que escapar al exilio (campaña de 1704).
    Fuente: Gallay, Allan (2003), pp. 147-148. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300087543. OCLC 48013653
  16. The Pawnee Indians, George E. Hyde, pp. 364-367, University of Oklahoma Press, 1988. Cuadro de pp. 364:
    Fecha Pueblos Casas de campo Hombres Mujeres Niños Total Fuentes
    1675 +40 Reportes franceses
    1719 45 LaHarpe (incluye arikaras)
    1764 3.700 Col. Bouquet: Panis blancs 2.000; P. piques 1.700.
    1804 4 700 Gazetteer of Western Continent. Solo pawnees de Nebraska.
    1806 3 1.993 2.170 2.060 6.223 Lieut. Z. M. Pike
    1811 2 1.300 5.000 Missouri Gazette, 25 de abril de 1811
    1820 4 330 6.500 Edwin James (confiable)
    1828 2.000 Agente O'Fallon
    1825 3 2.050 10.250 Col. Henry Atkinson
    1829 3 8.000 Secretaria de Guerra, Panis piques 4.000
    Total pawnees: 12.000
    1833 10.000 George Catlin
    1834 8.000 (1)
    11.000 (2)
    Reporte de misioneros (confiable) (1)
    Reporte oficial (2)
    1836 4 (2) 270 (2) 12.500 (1)
    10.000 (2)
    Oficial (1)
    Reporte de misioneros (2)
    1840 6 270 1.449 2.185 2.808 6.244 Reporte de misioneros
    (primer recuento)
    1846 12.500 Reporte de agentes (repite por
    varios años la cifra).
    1847 1.200 8.400 Estimación de misioneros
    Número de guerreros en 1848
    1850 1.200? 5.000 Reporte de agentes:
    4.000 a 5.000
    1.234 muertos por cólera (1849)
    1856 4.686 Agentes
    1860 4.000 Estimación de colonos de Nebraska
  17. Adventures in the Apache country: a tour through Arizona and Sonora, with notes on the silver regions of Nevada, John Ross Browne, pp. 290-291, Harper & Brothers, 1869:

    Indian Tribes of Arizona
    I subjoin also some interesting statistics of the Indian tribes in Arizona, derived from the best authorities:
    Gila Apache. Mimbrenas: 750; Chiricahuas: 500; Sierras Blancas: 2,500; Pinal Llanos: 750; Coyoteros: 3,000; Cominos: 1,500; Tontos: 1,500; Mogallones: 1,500. Total: 12,000.
    There are altogether about 3,000 Apache warrior within the boundaries of Arizona.
    Pimos. Aqua Baiz: 533; Cerrito: 259; Arenal: 616; Cachunilla: 438; Casa Blanca: 315; Herringuen: 514; Llano: 392. Total: 3,067.
    There are 1,200 laboring Pimo and 1,000 warriors.(...)
    Maricopas. Huesti Perachi: 232; Sacaton: 106. Total: 338.
    Yumas (...) Total numbers: 2,500.
    Mohaves. 600 warriors, 4,000 souls.
    Chemehuevas. 300 warriors, 1,500 souls.
    Moquis (...) Total: 1,120 warriors, 6,720 souls.
    Papagoes (...) Total: 7,050 souls.
    The following is a roungh estimate of the total numbers of Indians in Arizona (...) Apaches: 5,000; Papagoes: 7,500; Pimos and Maricopas: 5,000; Cocopas: 3,000; Yumas (Euchas): 5,000; Chemehuevas: 2,000; Yampais: 2,500; Mohaves: 5,000; Pai Utes: 500; Hualpais: 2,000; Moquis: 7,000; Navajoes: 15,000; Apaches Manzas: 100. Total: 59,600.



  18. El censo de los apaches de 1910 excluye a los kiowas.
  19. Véase la anterior.
  20. En la batalla de Cieneguilla, el 30 de marzo de 1854, el jefe jicarilla Flechas Rayadas venció con 200 o 300 guerreros a 60 jinetes del ejército americano (Gorenfeld, Will; The Battle of Cieneguilla, Wild West magazine, Feb., 2008).

Véase también[editar]

Referencias[editar]

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  3. FDI - Aleut
  4. FDI - Eskimo
  5. a b c Pritzker, 1998: 753
  6. Pritzker, 2008: 1346
  7. The Subarctic People - Groups in this Region
  8. FDI - Ahtna
  9. Pritzker, 2008, pp. 588
  10. a b c d Tolatsga.org - Ojibwe
  11. a b c d e Chippewa Indian History
  12. Metis 1640-1664
  13. Quebec First Nation – Atikamekw
  14. a b c d Canadian Genealogy - Cree Indians of Canada
  15. a b c d e FDI - Cree
  16. a b c Cree Indian History
  17. a b c d e DeMallie, 2001: 650
  18. FDI - Carriers
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  20. FDI - Tanaina
  21. Tanaina Indian Tribe
  22. FDI - Beaver
  23. FDI - Kutchin
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  25. FDI - Loucheaux
  26. a b Dickshovel - Montagnais
  27. a b c d e f FDI - Montagnais-Naskapi
  28. McMillan & Yellowhorn, 2004: 120
  29. FDI - Kaska
  30. FDI – Kolchan
  31. FDI - Koyukon
  32. Sturtevant, 1981: 329
  33. FDI - Sekani
  34. FDI - Tagish
  35. FDI - Mountain Dene
  36. Tahltan Indian Tribe History
  37. FDI - Tanana
  38. FDI - Beaver
  39. Tlingit Indian Tribe
  40. FDI – Tlingit
  41. Tsetsaut Indians of Canada
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  43. a b Chilcotin Indians of Canada
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  48. FDI - Deline
  49. FDI - Slavey
  50. FDI - Dogrib
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  52. Chipewyan Indian Tribe History
  53. Native Americans of the Plateau
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  69. a b Salishan Indian Family History
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  75. a b c d e f g Access Genealogy - Kalispel Indian Tribe Location
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  88. Wenatchee Indian Tribe Location
  89. FDI – Sanpoil; Sanpoil Indian Tribe
  90. US history - The Umatilla Indian Tribe
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  97. Tenino Indian Tribe
  98. FDI – Wanapum
  99. FDI – Yakama
  100. a b Yakima Indian Tribe
  101. FDI - Palouse; Palouse Indian Tribe Location
  102. a b Klamath Indian Tribe Location
  103. a b c FDI - Klamath
  104. a b c d e Calapooya Indian Tribe Location
  105. a b Hunn, 1990: 27-32.
  106. Kalapooian Indian Tribes
  107. FDI - Modoc
  108. Modoc Indian Tribe History
  109. FDI – Molala; Molala Indian Tribe History
  110. Molala Indian Tribe Location
  111. a b c Nisqually Indian Tribe Location
  112. Washington Indian Tribes
  113. Waldman, 2007: 171-712.
  114. a b Impacts of Earthquake Tsunamis on Oregon Coastal Populations
  115. Ruby & Brown, 1992: 4.
  116. a b c d e Seal Rock, Oregon, USA - Early History of Seal Rock - History
  117. FDI - Alsea
  118. FDI - Heiltsuk
  119. FDI - Bella Coola
  120. Takelma Indian Tribe Location
  121. FDI - Coquille
  122. Kroeber, 1925: 883
  123. Cook 1976a:177; 1976b:6
  124. Kroeber, 1925: 883
  125. Coquille Indian Tribe
  126. What happened to the Takelma | Oregon-Washington Bureau of Land Management (BLM) | US Department of the Interior
  127. Kroeber, 1925: 883
  128. Curtis, 1913: 25
  129. FDI - Chetco
  130. a b c d Chinook Indian Tribe
  131. a b c FDI - Chinook
  132. FDI - Comox
  133. Comox Indians of Canada
  134. a b c Oregon Indian Tribes
  135. a b FDI - Coos
  136. FDI - Coquille
  137. Mishikhwutmetunne Indian Tribe Location
  138. FDI - Cowichan; Cowichan Indians of Canada
  139. FDI - Duwamish - StumbleUpon; Duwamish Indian Tribe History
  140. FDI - Gitsan
  141. FDI - Haisla
  142. FDI - Hoh
  143. Clallam Indian Tribe History; Callam Indian Tribe History
  144. FDI – Klikitat; Klikitat Indian History
  145. Klickitat Indian Tribe Location
  146. FDI - Kwalhioqua
  147. FDI – Kwakiutl
  148. Kwakiutl Indian Tribe History
  149. FDI - Lummi
  150. Lummi Indian Tribe Location
  151. a b c FDI - Makah
  152. The Makah Nation
  153. Makah Indian Tribe History; Makah Indian Tribe Location
  154. FDI - Niska; Niska Indians of Canada
  155. Nooksak and Nootka Indians of Canada
  156. FDi - Qualicum
  157. FDI - Puyallup
  158. FDI - Quileute
  159. FDI - Quinault
  160. Quinault Indian Tribe
  161. Ruby & Brown, 1992: 186
  162. FDI - Sechelt
  163. FDI – Siletz
  164. a b Skagit Indian Tribe Location
  165. a b c FDI - Skagit
  166. a b FDI - Swinomish
  167. Swinomish Indian Tribe Location
  168. a b c Twana Indian Tribe Location
  169. a b FDI - Skokomish
  170. FDI - Squamish
  171. a b c Snohomish Indian Tribe Location
  172. a b FDI - Snohomish
  173. a b FDI - Snoqualmie
  174. FDI - Nanaimo
  175. FDI - Songhees
  176. Hill-Tout, 1914: 577
  177. FDI - Suquamish
  178. Tillamook Indian Tribe Location
  179. Pritzker 2000: 207
  180. a b c Kroeber, 1925: 883
  181. Baumhoff, 1963: 231
  182. Cook, 1943: 170.
  183. Cook, 1956: 101.
  184. Tolowa Dee-ni' Culture and History - Tolowa Language - of the ancestral lands of Del Norte County
  185. Kroeber, 1925: 883
  186. FDI - Tsimshian; Tsimshian Indians of Canada
  187. Kuitsh Indian Tribe Location; Umpqua Indian Tribe Location
  188. a b Tomlins, 2010: 22. A finales del siglo XVI la población indígena entre las actuales Maine y Georgia y desde el océano Atlántico al valle del río Ohio.
  189. a b Calloway, 1997: 18, nota 1.
  190. a b Digital History - Dimensions of Change in Colonial New England
  191. a b c d Dickshovel - Nipmuc. A la cifra de 4.000 sobrevivientes en 1680 hay que agregarle otros 2.000 indios que huyeron de Nueva Inglaterra.
  192. Grumet, 1995: 12. En 1783 la población de las Trece Colonias era de 1.900.000 colonos europeos y descendientes, 500.000 esclavos africanos y algunos miles de mixtos entre distintas etnias. Frente a estos quedaban solamente 50.000 indios del Nordeste.
  193. Bragdon, 2005: 8.
  194. FDI – Penobscot
  195. FDI – Maliseet
  196. The Little List, Pontiac to Pymatuning
  197. a b c d e f g h Tolatsga.org - Abenaki
  198. Sultzman, 1995: 1.
  199. FDI - Abenaki
  200. a b c Pritzker, 1998: 582

    There were perhaps 10,000 Eastern and 5,000 Western Abenakis in the early seventeenth century.



  201. a b Johansen & Pritzker, 2008: 1272
  202. Native Americans: Passamaquoddy Indian Tribe
  203. Native American People / Tribes. The Abenaki
  204. a b c d e FDI - Passamaquoddy
  205. a b c d Passamaquoddy Indian History
  206. Abenaki History
  207. Dickshovel - Nipissing; Nipissing Indian History
  208. a b Ottawa Indian Tribe Location
  209. a b c d e Tolatsga - Ottawa
  210. a b c d e f Tolatsga - Potawatomi
  211. Pritzker, 1998: 586
  212. a b c FDI - Algonkin
  213. a b c d Ottawa Indian Tribe History
  214. FDI - Potawatomi
  215. a b c Tolatsga.org - Algonkin
  216. a b c Potawatomi Indian Tribe History
  217. Hodge, 2003: 474
  218. Assateague Indians of the Eastern Shore
  219. FDI - Neutrals
  220. a b Access Genealogy - Neutral Indian Tribe
  221. a b Dickshovel.com - Neutrals
  222. Interia.pl - Neutrals History
  223. a b Access Genealogy - Neutral Indian Tribe History
  224. a b c d e Access Genealogy - Neutral Indian Tribe History
  225. Neutral - The Canadian Encyclopedia
  226. Dickshovel - Beothuk
  227. FDI - Conoy
  228. a b Explore PA history - Conoy Indian Town
  229. Access Genealogy - Conoy Indian Tribe History
  230. Access Genealogy - Indian Tribe History
  231. Erie Indian Moundbuilders Tribal Nation
  232. a b c d Dickshovel.com - Erie
  233. FDI - Erie
  234. a b c Access Genealogy - Huron Indian Tribe History
  235. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Volúmenes 2-4, Frederick Webb Hodge, pp. 588, Digital Scanning Inc, 2003.
  236. Access Genealogy - Erie Indian Tribe History
  237. a b c d e f g h i j k Tolatsga.org - Sauk and Fox
  238. a b Foxes Indian Tribe Location
  239. a b c d e f g h Sauk Indian Tribe History
  240. a b c d e Fox Indian Tribal History
  241. FDI - Sac/Fox
  242. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Dickshovel - Winnebago
  243. a b FDI - Winnebago
  244. Winnebago Indian Tribe History
  245. a b c d e f g h i Dickshovel.com - Miami
  246. a b c d e f g h FDI - Illinois
  247. a b c d e f g h i Tolatsga.org - Illinois
  248. a b c A dictionary of American history, Thomas L. Purvis, pp. 190, ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 1997.
  249. a b c d e f Illinois Indian Tribe History
  250. FDI - Miami
  251. a b c d e f Miami Indian Tribe History
  252. Dickshovel - Miami
  253. a b c d e f FDI - Iroquois Durante las Guerras de los Castores hasta 1651 unos 8.000 petunes, 9.000 neutrales y 10.000 hurones murieron en los combates, sin contar las víctimas de las pestes traídas por los colonos. Los wenro fueron destruidos hasta que en 1643 los sobrevivientes se unieron a los neutrales. Hasta 1656 los neutrales sufrieron 18.000 muertes desde el principio de la guerra. Los sobrevivientes de estas tribus se unieron a los iroqueses o escaparon formando los Wyandot.
  254. a b c d e f g h i j k l Tolatsga.org - Iroquois
  255. a b c d e f g Onondaga Indian Tribes
  256. Pritzker, 1998: 568
  257. Native American Project Trails to the Past Tuscarora Tribes
  258. FDI - Tuscarora
  259. a b c d e Purvis, 1997: 198
  260. a b c d e f Mohawk Indian Tribe History
  261. a b Oneida Indian Tribe History
  262. a b c d e f Seneca Indian Tribe History
  263. a b c Cayuga Indian Tribe History
  264. a b G-New York Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements
  265. a b c d Hodge, 2003: 842. Algunos estudiosos consideran la cifra como la de guerreros y otros como la población total.
  266. a b c d e f g h i j k Hodge, 2003: 851-852.
  267. Fogelson & William C. Sturtevant (2004). Handbook Of North American Indians: Southeast. pp. 135, durante la Guerra de los tuscaroras (1711-1715) los ingleses y aliados lanzaron una serie de campañas que consiguieron capturar más de mil de estos que fueron esclavizados.
  268. Iroquoian Indian Family Tribe History
  269. StrategyPage.com - Combat Information Center analysis, facts and figures about military conflicts and leaders
  270. a b c d e Ontario GenWeb Project: Ontario's Population
  271. a b Tuscarora Indian Tribe History
  272. a b c d e Tolatsga.org - Kickapoo
  273. Native Americans: an encyclopedia of history, culture, and peoples, Volumen 2, por Barry Pritzker, ed. ABC-CLIO, 1998, pp. 607
  274. a b c d e Kickapoo Indian Tribe Population
  275. FDI - Kickapoo
  276. Kickapoo Indian Tribe History
  277. Burrows, & Wallace, 1999.
  278. a b c d e f FDI - Delaware
  279. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  280. a b c d Tolatsga - Delaware
  281. Goddard, Ives, 1978, p. 213
  282. a b Goddard, Ives, 1978, p. 214, Tabla 1.
  283. a b c d Yenne, 1986: 61.
  284. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  285. Delaware Indian Tribe History
  286. a b c d Dickshovel - Mascouten
  287. a b Hodge, 2003: 61
  288. a b Maskegon Indian History
  289. a b Mascouten Indian Tribe History
  290. Dickshovel.com - Massachusett; Massachuset Indian Tribe History
  291. a b Benjamin Bussey Thatcher, 1832: 10
  292. Dickshovel.com - Menominee; FDI - Menominee; Menominee Indian Tribe Location; Menominee Indian Tribe History
  293. a b c d e f Dickshovel.com - Mahican
  294. a b c d FDI - Mahican
  295. Mahican Indian Tribe
  296. a b FDI - Wappinger
  297. a b c Dickshovel.com - Wappinger
  298. Trelease, 1997. Estimaba la población de Long Island en 6.000 almas y la de los lenapes en 8.000 en 1600.
  299. a b c d e f g Dickshovel – Micmac
  300. a b c d e f Micmac Indian Tribe History
  301. FDI – Micmac
  302. Stokes Upton, 1979: 32 y 77
  303. Krzywicki, 1934: 461
  304. Leamon, 1995: 94
  305. FDI - Mohegan
  306. a b c Tucker, 2011: 617.
  307. a b c d e f g h i j k l Dickshovel - Mohegan
  308. a b c Dickshovel - Pequot
  309. a b Snow Wowl - The Pequot
  310. Mohegan Indian History
  311. a b Pequot Indian History
  312. Dickshovel - Metoac
  313. Wallace, 2001: 180
  314. Montauk Indian Tribe History
  315. FDI - Nanticoke
  316. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  317. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  318. Pritzker, 2000: 440
  319. a b c d e FDI - Narragansett
  320. a b Dickshovel - Niantic
  321. a b c Dickshovel - Narragansett
  322. FDI - Niantic
  323. Narraganset Indian Tribe History
  324. a b c Calloway, 1994: 78
  325. a b c Dickshovel - Pennacook
  326. a b c d e Sherburne Friend Cook (1976). The Indian population of New England in the seventeenth century. University of California Press, pp. 13.
  327. a b c Accessgenealogy.com - Pennacook Indian History
  328. Beginnings. Paleo-indians were way ahead of us
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  330. a b Dickshovel.com - Tionontati
  331. Tionontati Indian Tribe History
  332. FDI - Pocomtuc
  333. a b The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut - 1638 The Quinnipiac Indians
  334. a b Life of the Quinnipiac tribe | The Quinnipiac Chronicle
  335. a b c d e f g h i Tolatsga - Shawnee
  336. Shawnee Indian Tribe History
  337. FDI - Shawnee
  338. a b c d Dickshovel.com - Susquehannock
  339. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  340. a b c d Historical and statistical Information, respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States: Coll. and prepared under the direction of the Bureau of Indian Affairs per act of Congress of march 3rd 1847. History of the Indian tribes of the United States, their present condition and prospects and a sketch of their ancient status : General history of the North American Indians, Volumen 6. Henry Rowe Schoolcraft & Seth Eastman, ed. Lippincott, Grambo, 1857, pp. 131.
  341. a b Mdoe.org - Susquehannock Indians Fuente: Kent, Barry C. The Susquehanna’s Indians. Anthropological Series No. 6. Harrisburg: The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1984, pp. 364.
  342. a b Encyclopedia of Oklahoma: History and Culture - Conestoga
  343. a b c Access Genealogy - Conestoga Indian Tribe History
  344. a b c d Susquehanna Indian Tribe History
  345. Dogue Indians -- our local tribe
  346. a b c d e f g FDI - Wampanoag
  347. a b c d e f g Tolatsga - Wampanoag
  348. a b c d e FDI - Nauset
  349. a b c d Dickshovel - Nauset
  350. Saconnet Indian Tribe
  351. a b c Access Genealogy - Nauset Indian Tribe History
  352. Wampanoag Indian Tribe History
  353. FDI - Wenro
  354. a b c Dickshovel - Wenro Wenrohronon Indian Tribe
  355. Wicocomico History
  356. a b c d FDI - Huron
  357. a b c d e f g Tolatsga.org - Huron
  358. a b c Georges E. Sioui (1999) [1994]. Huron-Wendat: The Heritage of the Circle. Vancouver: University of British Columbia, pp. 84
  359. Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  360. Michilimackinac Indian Tribe History
  361. McManamon, Cordell, Lightfoot, Milner, 2009: 236
  362. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  363. Muskhogean Indian Family History
  364. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  365. Dickshovel - Acolapissa
  366. Ais Indian Tribe Location
  367. Hiddenhistory.com - Alabama; Facts for Kids: Alabama Indians (Alabamas); Access Genealogy - Alabama Indian Tribe, History
  368. a b Access Genealogy - Mobile Tribe and Tohome Tribe
  369. FDI - Pohoy
  370. Florida Indian Tribes
  371. a b c d Louisiana Indian Tribes
  372. Bidai Indian History
  373. a b Coolrogue.net - Tribe of Texas
  374. Parkscape. Spring Creek's Rich History. Jones Park Brings the Akokisas to Life. pp. 3
  375. Attacapa Indian Tribe History
  376. Arkokisa Indian Tribe History
  377. FDI - Avoyel
  378. Avoyel-Avoyelles Indian Tribe History
  379. a b c d e f Dickshovel.com - Bayougoula
  380. a b c d The Indian tribes of North America, John Reed Swanton, pp. 200, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2003. En 1650 las poblaciones de los bayougoulas, quinipissa y mugulasha.
  381. Bayaougoula
  382. Biloxi Indian Tribe History
  383. FDI - Pascagoula
  384. a b c FDI - Biloxi
  385. Capinans Indian Tribe History
  386. Moctobi Indian History
  387. a b c d Pascagoula Indian Tribe History
  388. Fogelson & Sturtevant (2004). Handbook Of North American Indians: Southeast. pp. 136, en 1693 eran 4.500 y en 1721 solo 1.500, en buena medida porqué al aliarse con los españoles fueron atacados por los chickasaw, aliados de los ingleses, y muchos de ellos vendidos como esclavos.
  389. a b c Charles C. Mann, 1491 - The Atlantic Monthly | March 2002
  390. a b c d e f g h American Indian holocaust and survival: a population history since 1492, Russell Thornton, pp. 131, University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.
  391. a b c d e f Catholic Encyclopedia: Caddo Indians
  392. Caddo Indian History
  393. PBC History Online - Florida History - The Calusa: "The Shell Indians"
  394. a b c Calusa Indian Tribe History
  395. a b Calusa Indian History
  396. FDI - Calusa
  397. Cape Fear Indian Tribe
  398. a b c d e f g h i j k l Catawba Indian Tribe History
  399. a b Dickshovel.com - Catawba
  400. Florida Indian Tribes
  401. Mississippi Indian Tribes. Taposa
  402. a b Opelousa Indian Tribe History
  403. FDI - Cheraw; Cheraw Indian Tribe History
  404. a b c d e FDI - Cherokee
  405. a b Tolatsga.org - Cherokee
  406. a b c d e f g h i Access Genealogy - Cherokee Indian Tribe
  407. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Tolatsga.org - Chicksaw
  408. Utm.edu - The Chickasaw People
  409. a b c FDI - Chicksaw
  410. a b c d e f Chickasaw Indian History
  411. a b Dickshovel.com - Chitimacha
  412. a b c d e f g FDI - Chitimacha
  413. The Choctaw Nation, Allison Lassieur, pp. 7, Capstone Press, 2001.
  414. Barry Pritzker, 1998: 541
  415. a b Choctaw Indian History
  416. a b c d FDI - Choctaw
  417. a b c d e Choctaw Indian Tribe History
  418. Fogelson & Sturtevant (2004). Handbook Of North American Indians: Southeast, pp. 136. En 1702 los chickasaw atacaron las misiones donde vivían los choctaw, matando a 1.800 y esclavizando a 500 que vendieron a los ingleses.
  419. a b FDI - Weapemeoc
  420. a b The Carolina Algonkians, Page 2
  421. a b Chowanoc Indian Tribe
  422. a b Weapemeoc Indian Tribe
  423. Congaree Indian Tribe History
  424. a b Gallay, 2002.
  425. a b Fort Raleigh National Historic Site - Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina (U.S. National Park Service)
  426. Fort Raleigh National Historic Site - Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina (U.S. National Park Service)
  427. a b c d FDI - Lumbee
  428. Croatan Indian History
  429. FDI - Eno
  430. FDI - Sissipahaw
  431. Eno Indian Tribal History
  432. a b c FDI - Houma
  433. a b c d e f g h i j k Dickshovel - Houma
  434. a b c d e f g h i Kansa Indian Tribe Location
  435. a b FDI - Kaw
  436. Kansa Indian Tribe History
  437. Keyauwee Indian Tribe
  438. Machapunga Indian Tribe
  439. Meherrin Indian Tribe History
  440. FDI - Miccosuki
  441. FDI - Tohome
  442. Mobile Indian Tribe History
  443. Tohome Indian Tribe History
  444. FDI - Moneton
  445. Neusiok Indian Tribe
  446. Bear River Indian Tribe
  447. North Carolina Indian Tribes
  448. Coree Indian Tribe
  449. FDI - Nottoway
  450. a b c d Cheroenhaka Nottoway Indian Tribe History
  451. Nottoway Indian Tribe History
  452. Mosopelea Indian Tribe Location; FDI - Ofo
  453. Access Genealogy - Mosopelea Indian Tribe
  454. FDI - Okelusa
  455. North Carolina Indian Tribes
  456. FDI – Pedee
  457. a b c d e f FDI - Powhatan
  458. a b Barry Pritzker, 1998: 556
  459. Russell Thornton, 1990: 32

    Similary, Christian F. Feest (1973: 74; 1975) arrived at the range from 14,300 to 22,300 for the total Virginia Algonquin population. Mooney (1907: 129; 1889) estimated the Powhatan Confederacy of Virginia at more than 8,000, (...) Randolph Turner (1973:60) revised that estimate upward to 10,435. (...)



  460. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  461. Curtin, Brush & Fisher, 2001: 139, tabla 7.3
  462. Keith Egloff y Deborah Woodward. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1992
  463. a b Russell Thornton, 1990: 70

    The net result of wars, epidemics, and a changing way of life was the decimation of the Powhatan Indians by the end of the seventeenth century. From an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 American Indians in Virginia in 1607 - of which 12,000 were Powhatan - there was a decline to about 2,000 in 1700, of which less than 1,000 Powhatan (Mooney, 1907: 142; Sheehan, 1980: 180). By 1700 the Indians of Virginia were reported to be all wasted by disase so they could not raise 500 fighting men amog them. By then the non-Indians population, primarily white but also black, had grown to pershaps 100,000 (Mooney, 1907: 142).



  464. a b Chesapeake Indian History
  465. a b c d e f g h i j Access Genealogy - Powhatan Indians Tribes
  466. a b Powhatan Indian Tribe
  467. Rappahannock Tribe: A proud, sad history
  468. FDI - Santee
  469. Santee Sioux Indian Tribe History
  470. Sawokli Indian Tribe Location; FDI- Sawokli
  471. FDI - Sewee
  472. Sewee Indian Tribe History
  473. Access Genealogy - Taensa Indian Tribe History
  474. a b c d e Milanich, Jerald T. (2000) "The Timucua Indians of Northern Florida and Southern Georgia". in McEwan 2000. What happened to the Timucua?
  475. Frommer's Florida 2010, por Lesley Abravanel, pp. 31, ed. Frommer's, 2009
  476. Their Number Become Thinned: Native American Population Dynamics in Eastern North America (Native American Historic Demo�graphic), Henry Dobyns, Univ. of Tennessee Press; primera edición (noviembre, 1983), pp. 42 y 300.
  477. a b c A People's History of Florida 1513-1876: How Africans, Seminoles, Women, and and Lower Class Whites Shaped the Sunshine State, por Adam Wasserman, pp. 67, ed. Adam Wasserman, 2009. Fuente: Henry Dobyns, Their numbers become thinned, 1983, pp. 293.
  478. American Indians: the first of this land, por C. Matthew Snipp, National Committee for Research on the 1980 Census, pp. 18, ed. Russell Sage Foundation, 1989. Dobyns estimó la población de la Florida en 1.250.000 y 750.000 pertenecerian a la etnia timucua.
  479. a b c Native American Netroots: The Timucua
  480. FDI - Timucua
  481. a b c d e f g h i j k l Milanch, Jerald T. (2004). Timucua. In R. D. Fogelson (Ed.), Southeast (p. 219-228). Handbook of North American Indians (Vol. 17) (W. C. Sturtevant, Gen. Ed.). Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-072300-0.
  482. a b c d Florida Indian Tribes
  483. Catholic Encyclopedia - Florida
  484. Cooper, William James; Terill, Tom E (1999). The American South: A History, Volume 1. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 22. ISBN 9780742560949. OCLC 227328018. Al iniciarse la guerra de la Reina Ana en 1702 la población del territorio de la Florida bajo dominio español era de 20.000 indígenas cristianizados y 1.500 españoles.
  485. a b c The Timucua. Jerald T. Milanich, pp. 85-86, Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.
  486. FDI - Tunica
  487. FDI - Manahoac
  488. Monacan Indian Tribe; FDI - Monancan
  489. The History of the Occaneechi Tribe | eHow.com
  490. a b c d e f The Indian tribes of North America, John Reed Swanton, pp. 73, Genealogical Publishin, 2003.
  491. a b c Tutelo Indian Tribe History
  492. FDI - Saponi
  493. The Occaneechi Indians
  494. Saponi Indian Tribe
  495. Waccamaw Indian Tribe History; FDI - Waccamaw
  496. Woccon Indian Tribe History
  497. FDI - Yazoo
  498. FDI - Koroa
  499. Yuchi Indian Tribe History; FDI - Yuchi
  500. a b c d e f g Creek Indian Tribe
  501. a b c d e FDI - Creek Confederacy
  502. a b FDI - Muskogee
  503. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q Alabama Tribe Index
  504. a b c Seminole Indian Tribe Location
  505. a b FDI - Seminola
  506. Buker, George E. (1975) Swamp Sailors: Riverine Warfare in the Everglades 1835-1842. Gainesville, Florida: The University Presses of Florida, pp. 11.
  507. Keyshistory.org - History Of the Historic Indians
  508. a b c Usf.edu - The Apalachee of Northwest Florida
  509. Fiu.edu - Lecture Six: Indigenous people of Florida
  510. a b c d e f g h i j Apalachee Indian Tribe History
  511. Raymond Fogelson & William C. Sturtevant (2004). Handbook Of North American Indians: Southeast. Tomo XIV. Washington D. C.: Government Printing Office, pp. 135. ISBN 978-0-16072-300-1. En la expedición inglesa de 1702 cientos de apalaches fueron muertos, 1.000 esclavizados y 2.000 desplazados de sus hogares.
  512. a b c Spanish pathways in Florida, 1492-1992, Ann L. Henderson, pp. 230, Pineapple Press Inc, 1991
  513. FDI - Apalachee
  514. a b c d e f Guale Indian Tribe Location
  515. a b FDI - Guale
  516. a b c d e f g h i j FDI - Natchez
  517. a b Natchez Indian Tribe History
  518. FDI - Yamasee
  519. Fogelson & William C. Sturtevant (2004). Handbook Of North American Indians: Southeast. pp. 135. Durante años cientos de yamasi fueron esclavizados por los colonos ingleses en expediciones de captura de esclavos indígenas hasta que entraron en guerra abierta con estos (1715-1717), en una serie de asaltos rápidos mataron a 400 colonos de Carolina del Sur pero sabiendo del castigo británico terminaron por refugiarse en San Agustín (Florida española).
  520. Yamasee Indian Tribe History
  521. FDI – Tawasa
  522. FDI - Hitchiti
  523. Cusabo Indian Tribe Location
  524. a b c FDI - Cusabo
  525. Indian Tribe History. Cusabo
  526. Alabama Indian Tribes. Muklasa
  527. Tuskegee Indian Tribe Location
  528. a b c FDI - Arapaho
  529. a b A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 297; 319, Oxford University Press US, 2000
  530. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Nebraska State Historical Society - Article Title: Teton Sioux: Population History, 1655-1881 pp. 4-6
  531. a b c d e The Early History and Names of the Arapaho
  532. Labdiva - Arapaho Lands
  533. a b Beth LaDow (2002). The Medicine Line: Life and Death on a North American Borderland. Routledge, Nueva York, pp. 199, ISBN 0-415-92765-X.
  534. a b Access Genealogy - Arapaho Indian History
  535. a b The hoe and the horse on the plains, ed. Lincoln, Preston Holder, 1970, pp. 30.
  536. a b Handbook of North American Indians: Plains, Parte 1, William C. Sturtevant & Raymond J. DeMallie, pp. 387-388, Government Printing Office, 2001.

    The earliest population estimate is given by Truteau (Parks, 1993), who related that prior to the smallpox epidemic during 1771-1781 the Arikara numbered 4,000 warriors. Assuming this estimate is roughly accurate, the preepidemic Arikara population would then been approximately 16,000 -or at least 10,000 and possibly as high as 20,000 individuals.



  537. a b c d Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906, pp. 517.
  538. a b c d e The Arikara Tribe - Indians With Horns
  539. a b Ethnologue report for language code: Arikara
  540. The hoe and the horse on the plains, ed. Lincoln, Preston Holder, 1970, pp. 30.
  541. a b c FDI - Bannock
  542. a b c d e Access Genealogy - Bannock Indian Tribe History
  543. The Threatening Indians.; Outrages by the Bannocks Three Settlers Murdered. 10 de junio de 1878. New York Times.
  544. a b c d The Plains People - Groups in this Region
  545. Native Americans: an encyclopedia of history, culture, and peoples, Volumen 2, por Barry Pritzker, ed. ABC-CLIO, 1998, pp. 303
  546. NPS Publications: The Blackfoot Fuente: The Old North Trail: Or, Life, Legends, and Religion of the Blackfeet Indians, Walter McClintock, 1910, pp. 5.
  547. a b c d e Access Genealogy - Blackfeet Indian History
  548. a b c d Indians of Oregon, Frank H. Gille & Somerset Publishers, North American Book Dist LLC, 1999, pp. 143
  549. a b Blackfoot Indian Tribe History
  550. Harvey Lewis Carter (1990). "Dear Old Kit": The Historical Christopher Carson. University of Oklahoma Press, pp. 74, ISBN 0-8061-2253-6.
  551. a b c Population problems: topical issues, John Rose, Routledge, 2000, pp. 120-121
  552. a b c FDI - Cheyenne
  553. a b c Access Genealogy - Cheyenne Indian History
  554. Cheyenne - Warriors of the Great Plains
  555. a b c d e f Tolatsga.org - Comanche. Part One
  556. a b c d e f g Chestof Books - Comanches
  557. a b c Spartans of the Plains de Frank McLynn. Análisis de The Comanche Empire Pekka Hämäläinen (Yale University Press, 2008).
  558. Comanche Indian History
  559. a b c d Handbook of North American Indians: Plains, Raymond DeMallie & William Sturtevant, 2001, pp. 714, Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, ISBN 9780874741933, OCLC 48932065
  560. a b c d e Access Genealogy - Crow Indian Tribe
  561. a b Access Genealogy - Indian A Tribes
  562. Sioux War, first: A Dictionary of American History | Blackwell Reference Online
  563. a b c d FDI - Hidatsa
  564. a b Hidatsa Indian Tribe History
  565. a b c d e f g h i j k FDI - Ioway; Iowa Indian Tribe History
  566. a b Iowa Indian Tribes
  567. Corpu Christi Museum of Science & History Educational Resources
  568. a b Mitchell Ridge. Ethnohistory. Texas beyond History
  569. a b c FDI - Karankawan
  570. a b Karankawa Indian Tribe History
  571. a b c FDI - Kiowa
  572. a b c Indian Tribe History. Dotame
  573. a b c Tribal Historical Overview - The Mandan
  574. a b c Catholic Encyclopedia - Mandan Indians
  575. a b c d e f FDI - Mandan
  576. Handbook of North American Indians: Plains, Parte 1, William C. Sturtevant & Raymond J. DeMallie, pp. 387 (tabla n° 3), Government Printing Office, 2001.
  577. a b c Mandan Indian Tribe History
  578. Missouri Indian Tribe History
  579. a b c d FDI - Missouria
  580. a b c d e f g FDI - Omaha
  581. a b Omaha Indian Tribe History
  582. Omaha Indian Tribe Location
  583. a b c FDI - Osage
  584. a b c d e f g h Osage Indian Tribe History
  585. a b c FDI - Otoe
  586. a b c d Oto Indian Tribe History
  587. Pawnee Indian Tribe History
  588. a b FDI - Pawnee
  589. a b c d e f FDI - Sioux
  590. a b c d e f FDI - Dakota
  591. a b c d e f FDI - Lakota
  592. a b c d FDI - Nakota
  593. a b FDI - Assiniboin
  594. a b c d e f Access Genealogy - Yankton Indian Tribe History
  595. Indians of Oregon, Frank H. Gille & Somerset Publishers, pp. 145, North American Book Dist LLC, 1999
  596. a b c d e f g Access Genealogy - Yanktonai Indian Tribe History
  597. a b c d e f g Assiniboin Indian History
  598. a b Acces Genealogy - Dakota Indian Tribe History
  599. Frank B Fiske obituary
  600. a b c d e f g FDI - Tonkawan Tribes
  601. a b Tonkawa Indian Tribe History
  602. a b c d e Wichita Indian Tribe History
  603. a b c Smith, F. Wichita Locations and Population, 1719-1901. Plains Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 28, 2008, pp. 407-414.
  604. a b c d e A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, Oxford University Press US, 2000, pp. 351. En 1906 quedaban solo 600 wichitas frente a los 10 mil de cien años antes, una caída del 94%
  605. FDI - Wichita
  606. People and Land Use on the Colorado Plateau
  607. A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 20, Oxford University Press US, 2000.
  608. a b c d e Tripod.com - Apache Tribe
  609. a b c American Indian holocaust and survival: a population history since 1492, Russell Thornton, pp. 131, tabla n°5, University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.
  610. a b About the Lipan Indians | eHow.com
  611. a b Donald E. Worcester: The Apaches: Eagles of the Southwest, University of Oklahoma Press, 1992, ISBN 978-0806123974, pp. 26
  612. Greatdreams.com - Apache Tribe
  613. Apache. Native people tribe. Wild Horse. Native American Art & History.
  614. a b Jicarilla Apache Indian History
  615. a b c Apache Indian History
  616. Chiricahua Indian History
  617. Coyoteros Indian Tribe History
  618. A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 15, Oxford University Press US, 2000.
  619. Almaráz, Félix D., Jr. (1971), Tragic Cavalier: Governor Manuel Salcedo of Texas, 1808–1813 (2nd ed.), College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, pp. 111, ISBN 089096503X
  620. Camino Real - Apache Warriors pp. 4
  621. Apache Indian War and Warriors
  622. Aranama Indian Tribe History
  623. Cahita Indian Tribe History
  624. Cool Rogue - Tribe of Texas
  625. The Handbook of Texas Online Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) - Coahultecan Indians
  626. FDI - Coahuiltecan Tribes
  627. a b Cocopah Tribe of Arizona
  628. a b c Cocopa Indian Tribe History
  629. FDI - Halchidhoma
  630. FDI - Hualapai
  631. Walapai Indian Tribe Location
  632. Havasupai Indian Tribe History; FDI - Havasupai
  633. FDI - Jumano
  634. Shuman Indian Tribe Location
  635. a b c d FDI - Kohuana
  636. Arizona Indian Tribes
  637. Indian Tribal History. Manso
  638. FDI - Maricopa; Maricopa Indian Tribe Location
  639. a b A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 47, Oxford University Press US, 2000.
  640. a b FDI - Mojave
  641. a b c Mohave Indian Tribe History
  642. a b c d e f g h Navaho Indian Tribe Location
  643. a b A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 52, Oxford University Press US, 2000
  644. LAPAHIE.com 6.0 | Navajo Timeline - Spaniard Era (1700 - 1750)
  645. Anthro - Navajo
  646. The Navaho, Clyde Kluckhohn, Dorothea Cross Leighton & Lucy H. Wales, pp. 54, Harvard University Press, 1974
  647. Logoi.com - Navajos in Arms
  648. a b c Barry Pritzker (1998). Native Americans: an encyclopedia of history, culture, and peoples. Volumen 1, ABC-CLIO, Santa Bárbara, California, pp. 130, ISBN 0-87436-836-7.
  649. a b c Pima Indian Tribe Location
  650. FDI - Sobaipuri
  651. a b c Frederick Webb Hodge (2003). Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Volumen 4. Digital Scanning Inc, pp. 832.
  652. ABC-CLIO Information Services, American Bibliographical Center (1993). America, history and life. Volumen 30, Números 3-4, pp. 102.
  653. Papago Indian Tribe History
  654. Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society, Arizona State Museum., 1967. The Kiva. Volúmenes 1-13, pp. 59
  655. FDI - Pima
  656. Riley, Carrroll L. Rio del Norte: People of the Upper Rio Grande from Earliest Times to the Pueblo Revolt. Salt Lake City: U. of Utah Press, 1995, pp. 96
  657. a b c A Short History of the Yaqui Indians: by Edith te Wechel
  658. América en el siglo XVIII. Los primeros Borbones, Luis Navarro García, pp. 151, ediciones Rialp, 1983.
  659. Troncoso, Francisco del Paso (1903). Las guerras con las tribus yaqui y mayo del Estado de Sonora. Tomos I y II (Secretaría de Estado - Despacho de Guerra y Marina edición). México.
  660. Yavapai Apache Indian History
  661. a b Liberty, Equality, Power Enhanced: A History of the American People , John M. Murrin, Paul E. Johnson, James M. McPherson & Gary Gerstle, pp. 87-88, Cengage Learning, 2008. Desde el período del primer contacto con los españoles hasta la rebelión de 1598 la población de los indios pueblo se redujó de 80 mil a 17 mil.
  662. Edward Spicer, 1962, Cycles of Conquest, pp. 153-155
  663. Paul Horgan (1991) [1984]. Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, veasé Vol. 1, pp. 286. ISBN 978-0-81956-251-7.
    • Vol. 1, "Indians and Spain".
    • Vol. 2, "Mexico and the United States".
  664. a b c d Hopi Indian Tribal History
  665. a b c d FDI - Hopi
  666. FDI - Jemez
  667. Keresan Indian Family Tribe History
  668. a b c d e Keresan Pueblo Indian Tribe History
  669. FDI - Keresan
  670. Pecos Indian Tribe History
  671. a b Piros Indian Tribe Pueblo
  672. a b c d e FDI - Piro
  673. a b Tano Indian Tribe History
  674. a b c FDI - Tano
  675. a b Tewa Indian Tribe History
  676. a b c d FDI - Tewa
  677. a b Tigua Indian Tribe History
  678. a b c d e FDI - Tiwa
  679. a b c d e f Zuni Indian Tribe History
  680. FDI - Zuni
  681. Powers, Stephen. 1872. "The Northern California Indians, No. 5". Overland Monthly 9: pp. 307.
  682. Powers, Stephen. 1875. "California Indian Characteristics". Overland Monthly 14: pp. 308.
  683. Merriam, C. Hart. 1905. "The Indian Population of California". American Anthropologist 7:594-606.
  684. Kroeber, 1925: 880-891.
  685. Baumhoff, Martin A. 1963. Ecological Determinants of Aboriginal California Populations. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 49:155-236.
  686. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  687. a b c d e Cook, Sherburne F. 1978. "Historical Demography". In California, edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp. 91–98. Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Sturtevant, general editor, vol. 8. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  688. a b c d e f g h i j k l Russell Thornton (1990). American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pp. 109. ISBN 978-0-80612-220-5.
  689. Indian Tribes of California
  690. California Indian Missions
  691. California Indian Tribes History
  692. Yuman Indian Tribe History
  693. FDI - Achomawi
  694. Alchedoma Indian Tribe History
  695. FDI - Atsugewi
  696. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Kroeber, 1925: 883
  697. Garth, 1978: 237
  698. California Indian Tribe History
  699. a b Handbook of North American Indians: California, Volumen 3, Robert Heizer & William C. Sturtevant, pp. 212, Government Printing Office, 1978
  700. Alfred L. Krober, Handbook of the Indians of California (1925), Washington, D.C: Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78, pp. 883
  701. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 177. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 6
  702. Chasta Indian Tribe History
  703. FDI - Chilula
  704. a b Cook, 1976a: 170
  705. a b c Wallace, 1978: 176
  706. Kroeber, 1925:109, 883
  707. Silver, 1978: 205
  708. FDI - Chimariko
  709. Kroeber, 1925: 883
  710. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley; Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley. Sherburne F. Cook at various times estimated the aboriginal Chumash as 8,000, 13,650, 20,400, and 18,500.
  711. a b c d e f g h i j FDI - Chumash
  712. Cochimi Indian Tribe History
  713. FDI - Koso
  714. Baumhoff, 1958
  715. Cook, 1976
  716. a b c d e f g h i j Sturtevant & Heizer, 1981: 88
  717. FDI - Eel River Tribes
  718. a b c Big Sur California - Esselen Indians of Big Sur and Monterey County
  719. Kroeber, A.L., Handbook of the Indians of California (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 78, Washington, D.C., 1925), pp. 545.
  720. a b Cook, S.F., The Esselen: Territory, Villages, and Population (Monterey County Archaeological Society Quarterly 3(2), Carmel, CA, 1974a), pp. 11.
  721. a b c d FDI - Esselen
  722. Havasupai Indian Tribe History
  723. FDI - Havusapai
  724. Cook, 1956: 99-100
  725. Cook, 1956: 98
  726. Cook, 1976a: 170
  727. FDI - Cahto
  728. Myers, 1978
  729. Cook, 1956: 103
  730. Thomas C. Blackburn & Lowell John Bean, 1978: 564
  731. FDI - Diegueño
  732. Kroeber, 1925: 88
  733. a b c d Katharine Luomala, 1978: 596
  734. Florence C. Shipek, 1986: 19
  735. Pritzker, 2000: 145
  736. Pritzker, 2000: 145
  737. a b c d e f FDI - Luiseno
  738. White, 1963: 117, 119
  739. a b Kroeber, 1925: 649, 883
  740. Access Genealogy - Luiseno Indian Tribe History
  741. a b c d e f g FDI - Maidu; Maidu Indian Tribe
  742. Cook, 1976: 179
  743. Chapter 9 historic and cultural resources pp. 3
  744. a b c d Kroeber, 1925: 456
  745. a b c d FDI - Miwok
  746. a b Cook, 1976a: 236-245
  747. Cook, 1976a: 192
  748. Cook, 1976a: 183; 236-245.
  749. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976b. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, junio de 1976, pp. 42-43. ISBN 0-520-02923-2.
  750. Kroeber, 1925: 464
  751. Levy, Richard. 1978. "Costanoan" in Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 8 (California), pp. 486. William C. Sturtevant, & Robert F. Heizer, eds. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-004578-9/0160045754
  752. Kroeber, 1925: 883
  753. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976a. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, pp. 187.
  754. a b c Salinan Indian Tribe History
  755. a b c FDI - Costanoans
  756. FDI - Salinan
  757. a b c d Cook, 1976a: 180-181
  758. a b Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 8; 19
  759. Goldschmidt, Walter. 1978. "Nomlaki" en California, editado por Robert F. Heizer, pp. 341. Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Sturtevant, editor general, vol. 8. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  760. Wintu Tribe of Northern California & Toyon-Wintu Center
  761. a b c d FDI - Wintu
  762. a b c Cook, 1976: 236-245.
  763. Clear Lake's First People.
  764. Kroeber, 1925.
  765. FDI - Pomoi
  766. Gabrielino Indian Tribe
  767. a b c FDI - Gabrielino (Tongva)
  768. Erminie W. Voegelin, 1938: 39
  769. a b c d FDI - Hualapai
  770. a b c Indian Tribal History. Walapai
  771. a b c d Sturtevant & Heizer, 1981: 87
  772. Cook, 1976a: 174
  773. Cook, 1976a: 239; 351; 357
  774. a b Cook, 2006: 239; 351.
  775. a b Kroeber, 1925: 141
  776. Carta del general Kibbe al gobernador Weller, State Archives, 1858
  777. Cook, 1956, "The Aboriginal Population of the North Coast of California", pp. 167
  778. Cook, 1976, The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization, pp. 93
  779. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976a. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 177
  780. Yahi and Yana - UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes Encyclopedia.com
  781. SDSU Library & Information Access California Indians and Their Reservations
  782. Heizer, Robert F., & Albert B. Elsasser. 1980. The Natural World of the California Indians. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 16
  783. a b FDI - Yokut
  784. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 172
  785. Cook, Sherburne F. 1956. "The Aboriginal Population of the North Coast of California", Anthropological Records, 16: pp. 106; 108. University of California, Berkeley.
  786. Cook, 1976, ''The Conflict between the California Indian..., pp. 165
  787. Cook, 1956:84
  788. a b Cook, 1976b: 237
  789. FDI - Cahuilla
  790. a b c d FDI - Chemehuevi
  791. a b c Chemehuevi Indian Tribe History
  792. a b c d e FDI - Paiute
  793. Paiute Tribe of Arizona
  794. a b A dictionary of American history, Thomas L. Purvis, pp. 29, Wiley-Blackwell, 1997
  795. a b c FDI - Southern Paiute
  796. Paiute Indian Tribe History
  797. Pritzker, 1998: 229
  798. Peter Cozzens (2001). Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865-1890: The wars for the Pacific Northwest. Stackpole Books, pp. 625, ISBN 0-8117-0573-0.
  799. Encyclopedia of Native American tribes, Carl Waldman, pp. 215, Infobase Publishing, 2006
  800. Ontko, Gale. Thunder Over the Ochoco, Volume IV: Rain of Tears. ISBN 0-89288-275-1 Bend, OR: Maverick Publications, Inc., 1998.
  801. FDI - Yuma
  802. Yuma Indian Tribe History
  803. Thomas C. Blackburn & Lowell John Bean, 1978: 564
  804. a b Kroeber, Alfred L. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C., 1925 pp 617; 883
  805. Bean, Lowell John, and Charles R. Smith, "Serrano", in California, edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp. 570–574. Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Sturtevant, general editor, vol. 8. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 1978 pp. 573
  806. a b A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 239, Oxford University Press US, 2000
  807. a b A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 236, Oxford University Press US, 2000
  808. Native Americans: an encyclopedia of history, culture, and peoples, Volumen 1, Barry Pritzker, ABC-CLIO, 1998, pp. 326.
  809. a b c d e f g FDI - Northen Shoshoni
  810. a b c d e FDI - Western Shoshoni
  811. Shoshone Indians
  812. a b Shoshone, Eastern or Wind River (Native Americans of the Great Basin)
  813. Native Americans: an encyclopedia of history, culture, and peoples, Volumen 1, Barry Pritzker, ABC-CLIO, 1998, pp. 328.
  814. Murphy, Robert F. & Yolanda Murphy. "Northern Shoshone and Bannock." Warren L. D'Azevedo, vol. ed. Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 11: Great Basin. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1986, pp. 289
  815. Shoshoni Indian Tribe History
  816. Henry Edwin Stamm (1999). People of the Wind River: the Eastern Shoshones, 1825-1900. University of Oklahoma Press, pp. 34, ISBN 0-8061-3175-6.
  817. Global Security - Bannock War
  818. A Native American encyclopedia: history, culture, and peoples, Barry Pritzker, pp. 242, Oxford University Press US, 2000
  819. a b c Ute Leader Black Hawk Declares War - Manti Utah
  820. a b Ute Mountain Ute Tribe HistoryTribe - Print Version; Chronology
  821. a b c Ute: Weather from Answers.com
  822. a b c Ute Indian Tribe History
  823. American Indian, Alaska Native Tables from the Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005, US Census Bureau, USA.
  824. a b c Washoe Tribe of Nevada/California
  825. Washo Indian Tribe History
  826. Tina Norris, Paula L. Vines & Elizabeth M. Hoeffel. "The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2010". 2010 Census Briefs. Enero de 2012, pp. 17

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Enlaces externos[editar]