Mantel en abril de 2014
|Nacimiento||29 de noviembre de 1949 (64 años)
Carolina del Sur, Estados Unidos
|Nombres artísticos||Zeb Colter
|Peso||102 kg (224 lb)|
|Estatura||1,83 m (6 pies 0 pulg)|
|Residencia artística||Oil Trough, Texas|
- 1 Primeros Años
- 2 Carrera
- 2.1 Independent circuit (1973-1990)
- 2.2 World Championship Wrestling (1990-1991)
- 2.3 Smoky Mountain Wrestling (1991-1994)
- 2.4 World Wrestling Federation (1994-1997)
- 2.5 World Wrestling Council and International Wrestling Association (1996-2003)
- 2.6 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003-2009)
- 2.7 Return to the independent circuit (2009-2012)
- 2.8 Regreso a la WWE (2013-presente)
- 3 En lucha
- 4 Campeonatos y logros
- 5 Referencias
Independent circuit (1973-1990)[editar]
Keown debuted in 1972 as "Wayne Cowan". He then became "Dutch Mantel", and added the "Dirty" nickname in 1980. He wrestled for various Southern promotions, and achieved considerable success in the National Wrestling Alliance.
Mantel was instrumental in the careers of several huge wrestling stars of the nineties, including the Blade Runners, who later went on to achieve fame as Sting and The Ultimate Warrior. The Undertaker and Kane both were early recipients of Mantel's astute wrestling knowledge, which served them well in their careers. Mantel also is credited with giving Steve Austin his stage surname, since Austin's real name at the time was Steve Williams (which was currently in use in wrestling by "Dr. Death" Steve Williams). Mantell originally considered giving Austin the stage names of either "Stevie Rage" or "William Stevenson III". At the time, he was a booker for Jerry Jarrett's Memphis territory.
Mantel formed several tag teams throughout his career, including The Kansas Jayhawks (with Bobby Jaggers), and The Desperados, which lasted only two months. Mantel achieved his greatest notoriety in 1979 when he and then-partner, Cowboy Frankie Laine, as Los Vaqueros Locos, sold out the 16,000-seat Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico for an unprecedented nine weeks in a row, a record that still stands. They had a unique gimmick, where they put US$1,000 at stake (all on US$1 and 50 cents coins) to the team that could defeat them.
Mantel's other notable achievement was in 1982 when he and Jerry "the King" Lawler faced off in a good guy vs. good guy series. Fans were torn between these two stalwarts of the Memphis ring wars. Mantell achieved what no other opponent could do in when Lawler was a good guy and that was to get a clear cut win over the King. Later that year after Lawler lost a loser leave town match against Bill Dundee, Lawler and Mantell finally mended their ways long enough to face Dundee and Buddy Landel in a Falls Don't Count in Memphis' Mid South Coliseum in front of a sold out red hot Memphis crowd. The match went a record 26 falls taking an hour and 15 minutes to accomphish. Match saw Dutch Mantell taking the pin fall over Landel.
World Championship Wrestling (1990-1991)[editar]
In 1990, he worked for World Championship Wrestling (WCW) as a commentator on WCW WorldWide alongside Tony Schiavone and in 1991, WCW created a stable known as "the Desperados" consisting of Dutch Mantell, Black Bart, and Deadeye Dick. The Desperados were packaged with the gimmick of being three bumbling cowboys looking to meet up with Stan Hansen to go to WCW and become a team. Over the course of a few months, they were promoted through a series of vignettes by which they would be beaten up in saloons, searching ghost towns, and riding horses. Hansen reportedly wanted no part of the storyline and left for Japan, never to return to wrestle in North America. Without Hansen, the group were pushed into service as jobbers and were dissolved as a stable before the end of the year.
Smoky Mountain Wrestling (1991-1994)[editar]
Cuando Jim Cornette's abrió su nueva promoción de lucha independient en 1991 Smoky Mountain Wrestling, Mantel, se unio junto a Bob Caudle, sirviendo como comentarista y con una perspectiva de heel. También apareció en un segmento titulado "Down and Dirty with Dutch," donde entrevistaría a las estrellas de SMW. estuvo en la empresa hasta 1994.
World Wrestling Federation (1994-1997)[editar]
World Wrestling Council and International Wrestling Association (1996-2003)[editar]
After departing the WWF, Mantel later joined the Puerto Rican World Wrestling Council as a wrestler and booker. Then he went to WWC rival promotion International Wrestling Association as a creative consultant, which included writing/producing and booking four hours of original TV programming per week. Mantel remained there until September 22, 2003. Mantel set a record while in Puerto Rico (IWA), in the number of hours that a single writer produced a TV wrestling show as he was responsible for four hours a week, 52 weeks a year, for a total of 208 hours a year for five years straight. His ratings also set records as his shows regularly ranged in the 12 to 15 range, with his highest being an 18.1, with a 55 share of the TV viewing audience while working for WWC in 2000.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003-2009)[editar]
En 2003, Mantel empezó a trabajar detrás de la escenas como escritor/productor/agente apara la TNA Total Nonstop Action Wrestling y también como miembro del equipo de ideas en la TNA. Mantel fue de mucha ayuda en varias ideas para la empresa, las mas notables en la TNA fueron ayudar a la gente a tener mas interés en las luchadoras de la TNA in en las luchadoras de los Estados Unidos. Mantel también es acreditado por traer a Awesome Kong a la TNA en Bound for Glory 2007, junto a su gerente/manager, Raisha Saeed. el 31 de julio de 2009, Mantel termino su contrato con la TNA debido a diferencias en las ideas creativas. y por que próximamente, regresaría a IWA, una vez mas a trabajar como escritor. ´
Return to the independent circuit (2009-2012)[editar]
In November 2009, Reno Riggins, announced that Dutch would be joining Showtime All-Star Wrestling promotion out of Nashville as a writer and on air talent. In December 2009, Mantel released his first book, "The World According to Dutch." Mantel wrote the book in around 5 weeks, while sitting on a beach on Isla Verde, Puerto Rico, with assistance from editors Ric Gross and Mark James. In December 2010, Mantel released his second book "Tales From a Dirt Road".
On March 3, 2011, Mantel wrestled in the place of Jamie Dundee at XCW Midwest in Corydon IN. He took on local heel Lone Star, further cementing his semi-active status as a part-time wrestler.
On March 22, 2011, Mantel was added to the April 4, 2011 WrestleMania morning WrestleReunion event in Atlanta, Georgia. The event honored Bruno Sammartino with several modern and legendary wrestlers including Carlito, Kamala, Scott Steiner, Tommy Dreamer, Christy Hemme, Bob Orton, Nikolai Volkoff and The Iron Sheik.
On March 10, 2012, Mantel was the tag team partner of "The Texas Outlaw" Thomas Mitchell at AWA Supreme Wrestling in Madison, Indiana with a win against "Custom Made" Eric Draven and Vito Andretti.
The Summer 2012 Mantel was booking for Juggalo Championship Wrestling, culminating in Bloodymania 6.
Regreso a la WWE (2013-presente)[editar]
On February 11, 2013, Mantel, under the name of Zeb Colter, returned to WWE as the manager of Jack Swagger. Colter's character was that of a heel caricature of the Tea Party movement who strongly advocated anti-illegal immigrant beliefs. 
On February 19, Fox News and various right-wing commentators including Glenn Beck claimed that Swagger and Colter's characters were a mockery of the Tea Party movement meant to "demonize" the Tea Party. WWE responded to the criticism by stating that they were incorporating "current events into [their] storylines" to "create compelling and relevant content for [their] audience" and that "this storyline in no way represents WWE’s political point of view". WWE followed by having Swagger and Colter break character during a video to invite Beck to appear on Raw while justifying that the storyline was designed to elicit a crowd response for the protagonist, Alberto Del Rio, and the antagonists, Swagger and Colter. Beck rejected the invitation. On the March 1 episode of Raw, Colter challenged Del Rio to a match, but as soon as the match started, both Swagger and Colter attacked Del Rio and Ricardo Rodriguez, resulting in Colter losing by disqualification. On the April 8 episode of Raw, Colter teamed with Swagger in a Handicap match against Del Rio, though Colter never officially entered the ring, they were defeated by Del Rio by submission on Swagger. On the April 29 episode of Raw, Colter was involved in a triple-threat match with Rodriguez and Big E Langston (representing Dolph Ziggler), with the winner being able to determine the stipulation for the World Heavyweight Championship match at Extreme Rules. Colter lost the match after being pinned by Rodriguez.
On the June 17 episode of Raw, after Jack Swagger suffered a hand injury, Colter aligned himself with Antonio Cesaro. After defeating William Regal and Sin Cara in separate matches, Cesaro covered both defeated opponents with a Gadsden flag. Colter later paired Swagger and Cesaro as The Real Americans. Both competed in the World Heavyweight Championship Money in the Bank ladder match but were unsuccessful. Colter and the Real Americans began a feud with the new Latino tag team Los Matadores, claiming (as he had previously with Del Rio) that they had illegally entered the country. Colter feuded personally with El Torito, who gored him twice in the run-up to the event. Los Matadores defeated the Real Americans by pinfall at the Hell in a Cell PPV. The Real Americans were also entered into an elimination rules Fatal Fourway tag team match at TLC, but they were the second team to be eliminated. In January 2014, Colter started using a wheelchair after receiving a KO punch from The Big Show. He soon recovered and began to motivate his associates more to win their matches. Cesaro dumped Colter as his manager on the Raw following WrestleMania XXX, instead revealing that he was a new client of Paul Heyman. This therefore ended Cesaro's association with Swagger and Colter. Colter also started a feud with Paul Heyman, after accusing Heyman of "stealing" Cesaro from him. He still manages Swagger, however. Colter and Swagger were then involved in a segment with the debuting Adam Rose for being lemons.
- Movimientos finales
- Luchadores Dirigidos
Campeonatos y logros[editar]
- Dyersburg Championship Wrestling
- DCW Heavyweight Championship (1 vez)
- Georgia Championship Wrestling
- NWA Georgia Junior Heavyweight Championship (1 vez)
- Global Wrestling Federation
- GWF Tag Team Championship (1 vez) – con Black Bart
- Hoosier Pro Wrestling
- HPW Heavyweight Championship (1 vez)
- Mid-South Wrestling Association
- Mid-South Television Championship (1 vez)
- MSWA Tennessee Heavyweight Championship (1 vez)
- NWA Mid-America / Continental Wrestling Association
- AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship (5 veces)
- AWA Southern Tag Team Championship (3 veces) – con Bill Dundee (1), Koko Ware (1), Tommy Rich (1)
- CWA Heavyweight Championship (3 veces)
- CWA International Heavyweight Championship (2 veces)
- CWA World Tag Team Championship (2 veces) – con Austin Idol
- NWA Mid-America Heavyweight Championship (12 veces)
- NWA Mid-America Tag Team Championship (2 veces) – con Gypsy Joe (1), and Ken Lucas (1)
- NWA Mid-America Television Championship (1 vez)
- NWA Southern Tag Team Championship (1 vez) – with David Schultz
- NWA Tennessee Tag Team Championship (2 veces) – with John Foley
- Southeastern Championship Wrestling / Continental Championship Wrestling
- NWA Southeastern Continental Heavyweight Championship (1 vez)
- NWA Southeastern Heavyweight Championship (Northern Division) (1 vez)
- NWA Southeastern Television Championship (1 vez)
- United States Wrestling Association
- World Wrestling Council
- «Dutch Mantel». Consultado el 15-12-1974.
- «Zeb Colter». Consultado el 11-02-2013.
- Stone Cold Steve Austin. The Stone Cold Truth (p.65)
- Keller, Wade (31 de julio de 2009). «TNA News: Developing story - Major changes in the works at TNA, creative and staff cuts in progress». PWTorch. Consultado el 1 de agosto de 2009.
- «RAW NEWS: No Taker, Heyman's announcement teaser, Highlight Reel returning this week, SD match, TNA Night in Nashville?». Pro Wrestling Torch. Consultado el 18 de febrero de 2013.
- Boesveld, Sarah. «U.S. conservatives outraged as WWE wrestler Jack Swagger cast as racist, anti-immigration Tea Partier». National Post. Consultado el 28 de febrero de 2013.
- «WWE NEWS: Target of Jack Swagger's new heel persona responds to WWE, accuses WWE of "playing the race card" and using fun out of colters yosamite sam moustach». Pro Wrestling Torch. Consultado el 23 de febrero de 2013.
- Caldwell, James. «WWE NEWS: WWE responds to criticism of Swagger & Colter program, says they are trying to create "relevant content"». Pro Wrestling Torch. Consultado el 23 de febrero de 2013.
- «WWE NEWS: Beck responds to WWE's Raw request - "booked doing anything else," WWE releases video of Colter & Swagger "breaking character" inviting Beck to Raw». Pro Wrestling Torch. Consultado el 23 de febrero de 2013.
- Caldwell, James. «Raw news: Bryan's first night as champ, Taker update, Cesaro joins Heyman, Warrior returns, RVD returns, Paige debuts & wins Divas Title, other NXT intros, more». Pro Wrestling Torch. Consultado el 8 de abril de 2014.