Fritz Machlup

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Fritz Machlup
Información personal
Nacimiento 15 de diciembre de 1902
Wiener Neustadt, Austria-Hungría
Fallecimiento 30 de enero de 1983
Princeton, New Jersey, EE. UU.
Residencia EE.UU.
Nacionalidad  Austria
Estadounidense
Familia
Madre Cecile Machlup Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
Educación
Educado en Universidad de Viena
Supervisor doctoral Ludwig von Mises
Alumno de Ludwig von Mises Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
Información profesional
Área Economía
Conocido por Sociedad de la información
Cargos ocupados Presidente Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
Empleador New York University 1971-83
Princeton University 1960-83
Johns Hopkins University 1947-59
Universidad de Buffalo 1935-47
Estudiantes doctorales Merton Miller
John Williamson
Miembro de
Distinciones
  • Distinguished Fellow of the American Economic Association
  • Gran Condecoración de Honor en plata con estrella por Servicios a la República de Austria
  • Bernhard Harms Prize (1974) Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
Firma Fritz Machlup signature.gif

Fritz Machlup (*15 de diciembre 190230 de enero 1983) fue un economista austro-estadounidense, notable por ser uno de los primeros de su disciplina en examinar el conocimiento como un recurso.

Biografía[editar]

Nació en Wiener Neustadt en 1902. Obtuvo su doctorado en la Universidad de Viena. En 1933 abandonó la Alemania nazi y emigró a los Estados Unidos. En 1940 adquirió la nacionalidad estadounidense. A principios de los 1960s Machlup formó el Grupo Bellagio,[1]​ directo predecesor del Grupo de los treinta, al cual se unió en 1979.

Su obra clave es The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States (1962), a través de la cual popularizó el concepto de sociedad de la información. Además, apenas poco antes de su deceso completó Knowledge: Its Creation, Distribution, and Economic Significance, el tercero de una serie de diez volúmenes planeada colectivamente.

Obra mayor[editar]

  • Die Goldkernwährung, 1925. (disertación bajo Ludwig von Mises)
  • Transfer and Price Effects, 1930, ZfN
  • The Stock Market, Credit and Capital Formation, 1931
  • The Liquidity of Short-Term Capital, 1932, Economica
  • A Note on Fixed Costs, 1934, Quarterly Journal of Economics (QJE)
  • Professor Knight and the Period of Production, 1935, Journal of Political Economy (JPE)
  • The Commonsense of the Elasticity of Substitution, 1935, Review of Economic Studies (RES)
  • The Rate of Interest as Cost Factor and as a Capitalization Factor, 1935, American Economic Review (AER)
  • Why Bother with Methodology?, 1936, Economica
  • On the Meaning of Marginal Product, 1937, Explorations in Economics
  • Monopoly and Competition: A clarification of market positions, 1937, AER
  • Evaluation of Practical Significance of the Theory of Monopolistic Competition, 1939, AER
  • Period Analysis and Multiplier Theory, 1939, QJE
  • The Theory of Foreign Exchange, 1939-40, Economica
  • Eight Questions on Gold, 1941, AER
  • Forced or Induced Savings: An exploration into its synonyms and homonyms, 1943, Review of Economics & Statistics (REStat)
  • International Trade and the National Income Multiplier, 1943
  • Marginal Analysis and Empirical Research, 1946, AER
  • A Rejoinder to an Anti-Marginalist, 1947, AER
  • Monopolistic Wage Determination as a Part of the General Problem of Monopoly, 1947, in Wage Determination and the Economics of Liberalism
  • Elasticity Pessimism in International Trade, 1950, Economia Internazionale
  • Three Concepts of the Balance of Payments and the So-Called Dollar Shortage, 1950, The Economic Journal (EJ).
  • Schumpeter's Economic Methodology, 1951, REStat.
  • The Political Economy of Monopoly, 1952
  • The Characteristics and Classification of Oligopoly, 1952, Kyklos
  • The Economics of Sellers' Competition, 1952.
  • Dollar Shortage and Disparities in the Growth of Productivity, 1954, Scottish JPE
  • The Problem of Verification in Economics, 1955, Southern EJ
  • Characteristics and Types of Price Discrimination, 1955, in Stigler, editor, Business Concentration and Price Policies
  • Relative Prices and Aggregate Spending in the Analysis of Devaluation, 1955, AER
  • The Inferiority Complex of the Social Sciences, 1956, in Sennholz, editor, On Freedom and Free Enterprise
  • The Terms-of-Trade Effects of Devaluation upon Real Income and the Balance of Trade, 1956, Kyklos
  • Professor Hicks' Revision of Demand Theory, 1957, AER
  • Disputes, Paradoxes and Dilemmas Concerning Economic Development, 1957, RISE
  • Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: Misplaced concreteness and disguised politics, 1958, EJ
  • Can There Be Too Much Research?, 1958, Science
  • Structure and Structural Change: Weaselwords and jargon, 1958, ZfN
  • The Optimum Lag of Imitation Behind Innovation, 1958, Festskrift til Frederik Zeuthen
  • Statics and Dynamics: Kaleidoscopic words, 1959, Southern EJ
  • Micro and Macro-Economics: Contested boundaries and claims of superiority, 1960
  • Operational Concepts and Mental Constructs in Model and Theory Formation, 1960, GdE
  • The Supply of Inventors and Inventions, 1960, WWA.
  • Another View of Cost-Push and Demand-Pull Inflation, 1960, REStat
  • Are the Social Sciences Really Inferior?, 1961, Southern EJ.
  • The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States, 1962
  • Essays in Economic Semantics, 1963
  • Why Economists Disagree, 1964, Proceedings of APS.
  • International Payments, Debts and Gold, 1964
  • The Cloakroom Rule of International Reserve Creation and Resources Transfer, 1965, QJE
  • Adjustment, Compensatory Correction and Financing of Imbalances in International Payments, 1965, in Baldwin et al., Trade, Growth and the Balance of Payments
  • The Need for Monetary Reserves, 1966, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review (BNLQR)
  • Operationalism and Pure Theory in Economics, in Krupp, editor, The Structure of Economics.
  • Corporate Management, National Interest and Behavioral Theory, 1967, JPE
  • Theories of the Firm: Marginalist, behavioral and managerial, 1967, AER
  • If Matter Could Talk, 1969, in Morgenbesser et al., editors, Philosophy, Science and Methodology
  • Liberalism and Choice of Freedoms, 1969, in Streissler et al., editors, Roads to Freedom: Essays in honor of Friedrich A. von Hayek
  • Eurodollar Creation: A mystery story, 1970, BNLQR
  • Homo Oeconomicus and His Class Mates, 1970, in Natanson, editor, Phenomenology and Social Reality
  • The Universal Bogey, 1972, in Preston and Corry, editors, Essays in Honor of Lord Robbins
  • Friedrich von Hayek's Contributions to Economics, 1974, Swedish JE
  • A History of Thought on Economic Integration, 1977, Columbia University Press

Véase también[editar]

Referencias[editar]

  1. Gottfried Haberler. «Fritz Machlup: In Memoriam». Cato Journal. Cato Institute. Archivado desde el original el 16 de marzo de 2008.