Steven Levitsky

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Steven Levitsky es un destacado politólogo. Desde mayo de 2008, es profesor titular de las asignaturas de Government y Social Studies en Harvard University. Se especializa en América Latina, y particularmente en Perú y Argentina.

Educación[editar]

En 1990, Levitsky recibió un B.A. en Ciencias Políticas en Stanford University. En 1999, Levitsky recibió un doctorado en Ciencias Políticas de la UC Berkeley.[1]

Campo académico[editar]

Carrera Profesional[editar]

Levitsky es profesor asociado de Jonh L. Loeb en la asignatura de Social Sciences en Harvard University desde 2004. También fue profesor asistente en Harvard desde 2000 hasta 2003.[2]

Actualmente, Levitsky se desempeña como consejero de dos organizaciones de estudiantes en Harvard University: la Organización de Harvard para América Latina, y el Proyecto de Harvard para el Desarrollo Sostenible.;[3] y, además, ejerce de Consejo Consultivo de la Asociación Civil POLITAI,[4] dedicada a la investigación en Ciencia Política y Gobierno, conformada por estudiantes de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.[5]

Trabajo[editar]

Levitsky es conocido por su trabajo, junto a Lucan Way, sobre los regímenes autoritarios competitivos. Dichos regímenes son tipos de gobierno en el que un solo líder o un solo partido político tiene un dominio total pero que, al menos en teoría, la oposición podría llegar al poder a través de elecciones. Bajo tal sistema, dichos gobernantes autoritarios casi siempre se mantienen en el poder porque controlan y utilizan los medios del Estado para aplastar a la oposición, detener o intimidar a los opositores, controlar los medios de comunicación, o alterar los resultados de las elecciones;[6] La Rusia de Vladímir Putin es considerada un claro ejemplo de este sistema. Levitsky también es un experto en la revolución nicaragüense.

Vida personal[editar]

Actualmente, Levitsky vive con su esposa y su hija de cuatro años de edad en Brookline, Massachusetts.

Bibliografía seleccionada[editar]

Artículos de prensa[editar]

Forthcoming. “Variation in Institutional Strength: Causes and Implications.” (with María Victoria Murillo). Annual Review of Political Science.

Forthcoming. “Autocracy by Democratic Rules: The Dynamics of Autocratic Coercive Capacity after the Cold War” (with Lucan Way). Communist and Post-Communist Studies.

Forthcoming. “The Life of the Party? Understanding Informal Party Organization in Latin America” (with Flavia Freidenberg). Party Politics.

2007. “Linkage, Leverage and the Post-Communist Divide” (with Lucan A. Way). East European Politics and Societies 27, No. 21: 48-66.

2006. “Organized Labor and Democracy in Latin America” (with Scott Mainwaring). Comparative Politics 39, No. 1 (October): 21-42.

2006. “Linkage versus Leverage: Rethinking the International Dimension of Regime Change” (with Lucan Way). Comparative Politics 38, No. 4 (July): 379-400.

2005. “International Linkage and Democratization” (with Lucan Way). Journal of Democracy. 16, No. 3 (July): 20-34.

2004. “Informal Institutions and Comparative Politics: A Research Agenda” (with Gretchen Helmke). Perspectives on Politics 2, No. 4 (December): 725-740.

2003. “Argentina Weathers the Storm” (with M. Victoria Murillo). Journal of Democracy 14, No. 4 (October): 152-166.

2003. “From Labor Politics to Machine Politics: The Transformation of Party-Union Linkages in Argentine Peronism, 1983-99.” Latin American Research Review 38, No. 3: 3-36. [Also published in Desarrollo Económico (Argentina)]

2003. “Explaining Populist Party Adaptation in Latin America: Environmental and Organizational Determinants of Party Change in Argentina, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela” (with Katrina Burgess). Comparative Political Studies 36, No. 8 (October): 859-880.

2003. “Democracy without Parties? Political Parties and Regime Change in Fujimori's Peru” (with Maxwell Cameron). Latin American Politics and Society 45, No. 3 (Fall): 1-33. [Also published in Instituciones y Desarrollo (Spain)]

2002. “Elections Without Democracy: The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism” (with Lucan Way). Journal of Democracy 13, No. 2 (April): 51-66. [Also published in Estudios Políticos (Colombia) 24 (July 2004).]

2001. “Organization and Labor-Based Party Adaptation: The Transformation of Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective.” World Politics 54, No. 1(October): 27-56.

2001. “Inside the Black Box: Recent Studies of Latin American Party Organizations.” Studies in Comparative International Development 36, No. 2 (summer): 92-110.

2001. “An ‘Organized Disorganization’: Informal Organization and the Persistence of Local Party Structures in Argentine Peronism.” Journal of Latin American Studies 33, No. 1 (February): 29-66. [Also published in Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Argentina) (October 2001)].

2000. “The ‘Normalization’ of Argentine Politics.” Journal of Democracy 11, No. 2 (April): 56-69.

1999. “Fujimori and Post-Party Politics in Peru.” Journal of Democracy 10, No. 3 (July): 78-92.

1998. “Crisis, Party Adaptation, and Regime Stability in Argentina: The Case of Peronism, 1989-1995.” Party Politics 4, No. 4: 445-470. [Also published in Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Argentina) (September 1997)].

1998. “Between a Shock and a Hard Place: The Dynamics of Labor-Backed Adjustment in Argentina and Poland” (with Lucan Way). Comparative Politics 30, No. 2 (January): 171-192.

1998. “Institutionalization and Peronism: The Case, the Concept, and the Case for Unpacking the Concept.” Party Politics 4, No. 1 (January): 77-92.

1997. “Democracy with Adjectives: Conceptual Innovation in Comparative Research” (with David Collier), World Politics 49, No. 3 (April): 430-51. [Also published in Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica (December 1997), Agora, Buenos Aires (January 1998), and La Politica, Barcelona (October 1998)].

1991. “FSLN Congress: A Cautious First Step.” Journal of Communist Studies 7, No. 4 (December): 539-544.

Libros[editar]

Forthcoming. Competitive Authoritarianism: The Origins and Evolution of Hybrid Regimes in the Post-Cold War Era (with Lucan A. Way). New York: Cambridge University Press (under advance contract).

2006. Informal Institutions and Democracy: Lessons from Latin America (edited with Gretchen Helmke). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

2005. Argentine Democracy: The Politics of Institutional Weakness (edited with M. Victoria Murillo). University Park: Penn State University Press.

2003. Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press. [Published in Spanish as Transformación del Justicialismo: Del Partido Sindical al Partido Clientelista. Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 2005]

Referencias[editar]

  1. http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=521282
  2. http://www.fas.harvard.edu/home/news-and-notices/news/press-releases/levitsky-05022008.shtml
  3. http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=521282
  4. www.politai.pe
  5. www.pucp.edu.pe
  6. http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~levitsky/researchpapers/SL_autocracy.pdf

Enlaces externos[editar]