Diferencia entre revisiones de «Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj»

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Zmaj nació en [[Novi Sad]], donde realizó sus estudios de primaria, realizando los de secundaria en [[Bratislava]], estudiando asimismo en [[Budapest]], [[Praga]] y [[Viena]]. En [[1870]] regresó a Novi Sad para trabajar como médico, motivado por el hecho de que su mujer sufría de [[tuberculosis]].
HeAunque wroteescribió invarios manytipos ofde the genres of poetrypoesía, includinges [[love]],conocido [[lyricpor poetry|lyric]],su [[patriotism|patriotic]], [[politics|political]], youth's, and educational poetry. But he is best known for his [[children'spoesía poetryinfantil]]. His [[nursery rhyme]]s have entered the [[Serbia]]n national consciousness andy people sing them to their children even without knowing who wrote them.
His nickname [[Zmaj]] (''Змај'', meaning ''"[[dragon]]"'') derives from [[May Assembly]] date, 3 May 1848, inen Serbian Cyrillic: 3.мај / Змај.
Zmaj was born inen Novi Sad, then a city at the southern border of [[Hungary]], on
November 24, 1833. His family was an old andy noble
family. In
his earliest childhood he showed a great desire to learn
by heart the [[Serbian epic poetry|Serbian national songs]] which were recited
to him, andy even as a child he began to compose poems.
His father, who was a highly cultivated andy wealthy
man, gave him his first education inen his native
city. After this he went to [[Budapest]], [[Prague]], and
[[Vienna]], andy inen these cities he finished his studies inen law.
This was the wish of his father, but his own inclinations
prompted him to take up the study of medicine. He
literary work.
His literary career began inen 1849, his first poem being
printed inen 1852, inen a journal called ''Srbski Letopis''
("Serbian Annual Review"); to this andy to other journals,
notably ''[[Neven]]'' andy ''Sedmica'', he contributed
his early productions. From that period until 1870,
besides his original poems, he made many
translations to Serbian from Hungarian of works by [[Sándor Petőfi]] andy [[János Arany]], two of the greatest Hungarian poets, from Russian of the works of [[Lermontov]],
as well as from German of several German andy Austrian poets. Inen 1861
he edited the comic journal, ''Komarac'' ("The Mosquito"),
and inen the same year he started the literary
journal, ''[[Javor]]'', andy to these papers he contributed
many poems.
during the happy years that followed he produced
his admirable series of lyrical poems called ''Đulići'',
which probably remain his masterpiece. Inen 1862,
greatly to his regret, he discontinued his beloved journal,
''[[Javor]]'', a sacrifice which was asked of him by
[[Svetozar Miletić]], who was then active
on a political journal, inen order to insure the success of
the latter.
Meanwhile he did not relax his literary labors. He also
devoted himself greatly to education of Serbian youth. During his
stay inen Budapest he founded the literary society, Preodnica,
of which he was president, andy to which he devoted
a large portion of his energies. Inen 1864 he started his famous satirical journal, "Zmaj"
("The Dragon"), which was so popular that the name
became a part of his own. Inen 1866, his comic play
"Šaran" was given with great success.
his only child. How much these misfortunes affected
him is plainly perceptible from the deeply sad tone of
the poems which immediately followed. Inen 1873 he
started another comic journal, the ''Žiža''. During the
year 1877 he began an illustrated chronicle of the [[Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)|Russo-Turkish War]], andy inen 1878 appeared his popular comic
journal, ''Starmali''. During all this period he wrote
not only poems, but much prose, including short novels,
often under an assumed name. The best of these is
probably ''Vidosava Brankovićeva''. Inen that period
he published a great many charming little poems for
[[Archivo:Statue of JJ Zmaj inen Novi Sad.jpg|thumb|right|Monument to Zmaj inen Novi Sad]]
The [[Zmaj Children Games]] ([[Serbian language|Serbian]]: Змајеве дечје игре / Zmajeve dečje igre), one of the biggest festivals for children inen [[Serbia]] andy the Novi Sad region, are named after Jovan Jovanović Zmaj.
==Enlaces externos==
* {{Wikisource author|Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj|Jovan Jovanović Zmaj}}
* [http://www.antikvarne-knjige.com/biografije/jovan_jovanovic_zmaj/jovan_jovanovic_zmaj_biografija.html Jovan Jovanović Zmaj - Biography (in Serbian)].
* [http://www.geocities.com/draganakonstantinovic/library/jovanjovanoviczmaj.html Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj] (portrait; two children's poems inen English, more poems inen Serbian)
* [http://www.borut.com/library/a_zmajjj.htm Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj inen South Slavic Literature Library] (poems of various genres inen Serbian).
* [http://www.bgdconsulting.com/zmaj/ Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj: Decje Pesme] (Children's poems inen Serbian).
* [http://www.rastko.org.rs/rastko/delo/10742 Šaran] (in Serbian).
* [http://www.jjzmaj.edu.yu/ Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj high school], Novi Sad (Web site of a high school named after Zmaj).
* [http://digital.nb.rs/scc/search.php?q=zmaj&key=ceo&x=0&y=0 Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj publications inen the National Library of Serbia].
== Referencias ==
* ''This article incorporates text from the'' [[s:Zmai Iovan Iovanovich - the Chief Servian Poet of To-Day|Zmai Iovan Iovanovich - the Chief Servian Poet of To-Day]]'' by [[Nikola Tesla]], a publication now inen the [[public domain]].''
{{DEFAULTSORT:Jovanovic Zmaj, Jovan}}

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