Archivo:Studio publicity Shelley Winters.jpg

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Studio_publicity_Shelley_Winters.jpg(338 × 450 píxeles; tamaño de archivo: 23 KB; tipo MIME: image/jpeg)
Descripción

Promotional photograph of actor Shelley Winters

Fecha hacia 1951
date QS:P,+1951-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1480,Q5727902
Fuente Art.com (archive)
Autor Desconocido
Unknown author
studio photographer
Permiso
(Reutilización de este archivo)
Public domain
El archivo se encuentra en el dominio público porque fue publicado en los Estados Unidos entre los años 1923 y 1963, y, teniendo un aviso de copyright, no renovó su protección. A menos que su autor haya fallecido años antes, se mantiene bajo copyright en los países o zonas que no aplican la regla de corto plazo para las obras de EE.UU., como Canadá (50 años p.m.a.), China continental (50 años, a excepción de Hong Kong o Macao), Alemania (70), México (100), Suiza (70) y otros países con reglas particulares. Vea Commons:Hirtle chart como referencia e información.

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This is a publicity photo taken to promote a film actor. As stated by film production expert Eve Light Honthaner in The Complete Film Production Handbook, (Focal Press, 2001 p. 211.)"Publicity photos (star headshots) have traditionally not been copyrighted. Since they are disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain, and therefore clearance by the studio that produced them is not necessary."

Nancy Wolff, includes a similar explanation:

"There is a vast body of photographs, including but not limited to publicity stills, that have no notice as to who may have created them." (The Professional Photographer's Legal Handbook By Nancy E. Wolff, Allworth Communications, 2007, p. 55.)

Film industry author Gerald Mast, in Film Study and the Copyright Law (1989) p. 87, writes:

"According to the old copyright act, such production stills were not automatically copyrighted as part of the film and required separate copyrights as photographic stills. The new copyright act similarly excludes the production still from automatic copyright but gives the film's copyright owner a five-year period in which to copyright the stills. Most studios have never bothered to copyright these stills because they were happy to see them pass into the public domain, to be used by as many people in as many publications as possible."

Kristin Thompson, committee chairperson of the for Cinema and Media Studies writes in the conclusion of a 1993 conference with cinema scholars and editors, that they "expressed the opinion that it is not necessary for authors to request permission to reproduce frame enlargements. . . [and] some trade presses that publish educational and scholarly film books also take the position that permission is not necessary for reproducing frame enlargements and publicity photographs."[1]

Otras versiones

Studio publicity Shelley Winters (cropped).jpg cropped close at 2:3 ratio to make face larger in thumbnail versions

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Fecha y horaMiniaturaDimensionesUsuarioComentario
actual19:33 17 jun 2012Miniatura de la versión del 19:33 17 jun 2012338 × 450 (23 KB)Celest.ru

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