Paul's Boutique

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Ir a la navegación Ir a la búsqueda
Paul's Boutique
de Beastie Boys
Publicación 25 de julio de 1989
Género(s) Hip hop
Duración 53:03 minutos
Discográfica Capitol Records
Productor(es) Mario Caldato, Jr.
Cronología de Beastie Boys
Licensed to Ill Paul's Boutique Check Your Head

Paul's Boutique es el segundo disco de estudio del grupo norteamericano de hip hop Beastie Boys, lanzado el 25 de julio de 1989, en Capitol Records. Producido por Dust Brothers, el disco se grabó en el apartamento de Matt Dike y en Record Plant en Los Ángeles entre 1988 a 1989, y se mezcló en Record Plant. Los remixes se hicieron en los estudios de Record Plant de Manhattan. Además de las voces, el álbum está casi completamente compuesto por samples.

Paul's Boutique no igualó las ventas de Licensed to Ill, el primer disco del trío, y Capitol dejó de promocionarlo. En cualquier caso, su popularidad creció y desde entonces ha sido reconocido como uno de los discos que marcó un antes y un después en la historia del hip hop. Muy rico tanto lírica como sonoramente, Paul's Boutique aseguró a los Beastie Boys' un lugar entre los favoritos en el género del hip-hop. A menudo llamado como "Sgt. Pepper del hip-hop"[1]​, the album's rankings near the top of many publications' "best albums" lists in disparate genres has given Paul's Boutique critical recognition as a landmark album in hip hop.[2]

El 27 de enero de 1999, Paul's Boutique fue certificado doble platino en ventas por la Recording Industry Association of America.[3]​ En 2003, el disco alcanzó el puesto 156 en la lista de Los mejores 500 discos de todos los tiempos [4]​ elaborada por la revista Rolling Stone. El álbum fue relanzado el 27 de enero de 2009, en un pack espacial con motivo del 20 aniversario, remasterizado en 24-bit y con una pista de comentarios.[5]

Background[editar]

Derided as one-hit wonders and estranged from their original producer, Rick Rubin, and record label, Def Jam, the Beastie Boys were in self-imposed exile in Los Angeles during early 1988 and were written off by most music critics before even beginning to record their second studio album, Paul's Boutique.[6]​ Following the commercial success of Licensed to Ill, the Beastie Boys were focusing on making an album with more creative depth and less commercial material.[6]​ The group's previous album had been enormously popular and received critical acclaim among both mainstream and hip hop music critics, although its simple, heavy beats and comically juvenile lyrics led it to be labeled as frat hip hop.[6]​ The group signed with Capitol Records and EMI Records.[6]

Producción[editar]

The Sounds of Science
noicon
"The Sounds of Science" contains samples of several Beatles songs.
Shake Your Rump
noicon
"Shake Your Rump" contains several 70s and 80s funk songs.

Put together on samplers with tiny memories, small fragments of staggeringly disparate musics drop in, then are snatched away abruptly; rhythms and melodies remain in focus as textures and sounds constantly shift.
—— Mojo[7]

Paul's Boutique fue producido con los Dust Brothers, cuyo uso extensivo e innovador del sampling ayudó a establish the practice of multi-layered sampling as an art in itself. While the Dust Brothers were set on making a hit record, the duo agreed with the group on producing a more experimental and sonically different record.[6]​ In total, 105 songs were sampled on the album, including 24 individual samples on the last track alone. The backing tracks were allegedly produced with the intention of being released as a Dust Brothers instrumental album, but the Beastie Boys convinced the duo to use the tracks as the basis of their follow up to Licensed to Ill.[6][8]

Contrary to popular belief, most of the sampling for Paul's Boutique was cleared, but at dramatically lower costs compared to today's prevailing rates.[8]​ A 2005 article by Paul Tingen about The Dust Brothers reveals that "most of the samples used on Paul's Boutique were cleared, easily and affordably, something that [...] would be 'unthinkable' in today's litigious music industry."[8]​ Mario "Mario C" Caldato, Jr., engineer on the album, later said in an interview that "after [Beastie Boys] did Paul's Boutique we realized we had spent a lot of money in the studio. We had spent about a $1/4 million in rights and licensing for samples."[9]​ This type of sampling was only possible before Grand Upright Music, Ltd. v. Warner Bros. Records Inc., the landmark lawsuit against Biz Markie by Gilbert O'Sullivan, which changed the process and future of hip hop sampling.

Speaking about the album 20 years on, Adam Yauch told Clash magazine,

The Dust Brothers had a bunch of music together, before we arrived to work with them. As a result, a lot of the tracks come from songs they'd planned to release to clubs as instrumentals – "Shake Your Rump," for example. They'd put together some beats, basslines and guitar lines, all these loops together, and they were quite surprised when we said we wanted to rhyme on it, because they thought it was too dense. They offered to strip it down to just beats, but we wanted all of that stuff on there. I think half of the tracks were written when we got there, and the other half we wrote together." [10]

Todas las canciones de Paul's Boutique fueron grabadas en el salón de la casa de Matt Dike en Los Angeles, usando un sampler Emax HD, computador MacIntosh y equipo de DJ,[11]​ with the exception of "Hello Brooklyn". The fifth part of the album's finale suite "B-Boy Bouillabaisse" was recorded at the apartment building of the Beastie Boy-member Adam Yauch, aka MCA, in Koreatown, Los Angeles. The location of recording was credited in the album liner notes as the Opium Den.[12]​ The recordings for Paul's Boutique were later mixed by the Dust Brothers at Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles.[6]

Release[editar]

The cover art and gatefold is a photograph of Ludlow Street (as shot from 99 Rivington Street), credited to Nathanial Hörnblowér, but shot by Jeremy Shatan.[13][14]

On its initial release, Paul's Boutique was commercially unsuccessful because of its experimental and dense sampling and lyricism, in contrast to the Beastie Boys' previous album, Licensed to Ill.[15]​ It was a commercial disappointment,[16]​ peaking at only #24 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[17]​ The album received a gold certification by the Recording Industry Association of America on September 22 of its release year.[3]Paul's Boutique would go on to sell over 2 million copies by 1999.[3]

Crítica[editar]

Calificaciones profesionales
Retrospective reviews
Calificaciones
FuenteCalificación
AllMusic5/5 estrellas[15]
The A.V. ClubA[18]
Christgau's Record GuideA[19]
Mojo5/5 estrellas[7]
NME9/10[20]
Pitchfork10/10[21]
Q4/5 estrellas[22]
Rolling Stone5/5 estrellas[23]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide5/5 estrellas[24]
Spin Alternative Record Guide10/10[25]

In a contemporary review, David Handelman from Rolling Stone said the songs are "buoyed by the deft interplay of the three voices and a poetic tornado of imagery", featuring "equally far-flung" musical samples on an album that is "littered with bullshit tough-guy bravado, but it's clever and hilarious bullshit".[26]Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune commended the Dust Brothers' "deft" production and the Beastie Boys' rhymes, which he called "hilarious, vicious, surreal, snotty."[27]​ Writing for Playboy, Robert Christgau said although it "doesn't jump you the way great rap usually does," "the Beasties and Tone-Loc's Dust Brothers have worked out a sound that sneaks up on you with its stark beats and literal-minded samples, sometimes in a disturbing way". He commended them for "bearing down on the cleverest rhymes in the biz" and wrote, "the Beasties concentrate on tall tales rather than boasting or dissing. In their irresponsible, exemplary way they make fun of drug misuse, racism, assault, and other real vices fools might accuse them of."[28]​ In Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s (1990), he said the album's "high-speed volubility and riffs from nowhere will amaze and delight you", calling it "an absolutely unpretentious and unsententious affirmation of cultural diversity, of where [the group] came from and where they went from there."[19]

Accolades[editar]

List of the album's rankings and listings on selected publications and top album lists:[2][29][30][31]

  • Ranked #5 on Slant Magazine's "Best Albums of the 1980s"[32]
  • Ranked #37 on Blender's "The 100 Greatest American Albums of All Time"
  • Ranked #2 on Ego Trip's "Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year (1980–1998)"
  • Ranked #156 on "Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time"
  • Ranked #12 on Spin's "100 Greatest Albums, 1985–2005"
  • Ranked #74 on VH1's "Top 100 Albums"
  • Ranked #98 on Q's "Q Magazine Readers' 100 Greatest Albums Ever"
  • Ranked #3 on Pitchfork Media's "Top 100 Albums of the 1980s"
  • Ranked #8 on Chris Rock's list of the "Top 25 Hip-Hop Albums"
  • Selected as one of Rolling Stone magazine's "The Essential 200 Rock Records"
  • Selected as one of TIME magazine's "100 Greatest Albums of All TIME"
  • Selected by Rhapsody as one of "The 10 Best Albums by White Rappers"[33]

Legado[editar]

On July 26, 2014, mural artist Danielle Mastrion created a mural in celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Beastie Boys' landmark album Paul's Boutique. It was painted on the corner of Ludlow and Rivington, where the original album cover was photographed.

Desde que Paul's Boutique fue lanzado al mercado, its critical standing improved significantly.[34]NME found the album to "still [be] an electrifying blast of cool" in a 1994 review, viewing it as a "younger incarnation" of Ill Communication.[20]Mojo asserted that the album "shredded the rulebook" and called it "one of the most inventive rap albums ever made".[35]​ In a 2003 review, Rolling Stone gave it five stars and called it "a celebration of American junk culture that is still blowing minds today - even fourteen years of obsessive listening can't exhaust all the musical and lyrical jokes crammed into Paul's Boutique".[23]Mark Kemp of Rolling Stone also gave the album five stars in a 2009 review, calling it a "hip-hop masterpiece".[36]​ Nate Patrin of Pitchfork Media dubbed it "a landmark in the art of sampling, a reinvention of a group that looked like it was heading for a gimmicky early dead-end, and a harbinger of the pop-culture obsessions and referential touchstones that would come to define the ensuing decades' postmodern identity".[21]​ In a review of the album for AllMusic, contributor Stephen Thomas Erlewine summed the initial reaction to Paul's Boutique and praised the density that the album contains:

Musically, few hip-hop records have ever been so rich; it's not just the recontextulations of familiar music via samples, it's the flow of each song and the album as a whole, culminating in the widescreen suite that closes the record. Lyrically, the Beasties have never been better — not just because their jokes are razor-sharp, but because they construct full-bodied narratives and evocative portraits of characters and places. Few pop records offer this much to savor, and if Paul's Boutique only made a modest impact upon its initial release, over time its influence could be heard through pop and rap, yet no matter how its influence was felt, it stands alone as a record of stunning vision, maturity, and accomplishment.[15]

Miles Davis dijo que nunca se cansaba de escuchar Paul's Boutique.[37]​ Después, en un entrevista publicada en Vibe con los tres miembros de Beastie Boys, Chuck D de Public Enemy was quoted as saying that the "dirty secret" among the black hip-hop community at the time of release was that "Paul's Boutique had the best beats."[38]​ En esa misma entrevista, Mike D was asked about any possible hesitation he or the band might have had regarding their overt "sampling" of several minutes of well-known Beatles background tracks, including the song "The End" on "The Sounds of Science". He claimed that the Beatles filed preliminary legal papers, and that his response was "What's cooler than getting sued by the Beatles?"[39]

In the book For Whom the Cowbell Tolls: 25 Years of Paul's Boutique, host of KDOC's Request Video Gia DeSantis discussed the appeal of the album to local markets and the missed opportunity by Capitol Records to take the album over the top. The book was a follow-up to 33 1/3's book Paul's Boutique.

Restored tracks[editar]

En 2013, los periodistas musicales Dan LeRoy y Peter Relic revelaron que habían descubierto y restaurado una cinta de la primera grabación en Delicious Vinyl's de Beastie Boys, conocida coloquialmente como Delicious Studios.[40]​ Esta cinta incluía las sesiones de trabajo de seis canciones, cinco de las cuales fueron producidas y empleadas de alguna manera en Paul's Boutique; la otra, titulada The Jerry Lewis, se omitió [41]​. Mike D was presented with the restored version of the omitted track in late 2013, and when asked if it warranted an official release his response was, "Probably not this year." After widespread publication of the story, "The Jerry Lewis" has become a highly sought-after "lost track" among dedicated Beastie Boys fans.[40]

Lista de canciones[editar]

N.ºTítuloSample(s)[42]Duración
1.«To All the Girls»1:29
2.«Shake Your Rump»3:19
3.«Johnny Ryall»3:00
4.«Egg Man»2:57
5.«High Plains Drifter»4:13
6.«The Sounds of Science»3:11
7.«3-Minute Rule»3:39
8.«Hey Ladies»3:47
9.«5-Piece Chicken Dinner»0:23
10.«Looking down the Barrel of a Gun»3:28
11.«Car Thief»3:39
12.«What Comes Around»3:07
13.«Shadrach»4:07
14.«Ask for Janice»0:11
15.«B-Boy Bouillabaisse"
  • Some releases separate the nine sections of the "B-Boy Bouillabaisse" suite:
    • a. "59 Chrystie Street" (0:57)
    • b. "Get on the Mic" (1:14)
    • c. "Stop That Train" (1:59)
    • d. "A Year and a Day" (2:22)
    • e. "Hello Brooklyn" (1:32)
    • f. "Dropping Names" (1:03)
    • g. "Lay It on Me" (0:54)
    • h. "Mike on the Mic" (0:48)
    • i. "A.W.O.L." (1:46)»
12:33
N.ºTítuloDuración
16.«33% God»3:53
17.«Dis Yourself in '89 (Just Do It)»3:29

Personal[editar]

  • Beastie Boys – producción
  • Allen Abrahamson – ingeniero asistente
  • Mario Caldato Jr. – ingeniero
  • Mike Simpson – productor, platos, ensemble
  • The Dust Brothers – producción
  • Matt Dike – ensemble
  • Ricky Powell – fotografía
  • Jeremy Shatan – fotografía
  • Nathaniel Hörnblowér – fotografía
  • Dominick Watkins – fotografía

Charts[editar]

Chart (1989) Peak
position
AustraliaFlag of Australia.svg Australia (ARIA)[44] 65
Reino UnidoBandera de Reino Unido Reino Unido (UK Albums Chart)[45] 44
Bandera de Estados Unidos Estados Unidos (Billboard 200)[46] 14
Bandera de Estados Unidos Estados Unidos (Billboard Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums)[47] 24

See also[editar]

Referencias[editar]

  1. «How the Beastie Boys Made Their Masterpiece». Rolling Stone. 
  2. a b «Paul's Boutique». AcclaimedMusic.net. Archivado desde el original el 16 de septiembre de 2017. 
  3. a b c Región incorrecta o inesperada: United States.
  4. «The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time». Rolling Stone (Straight Arrow) (Special Issue). 156) Paul's Boutique. November 2003. ISSN 0035-791X. Archivado desde el original el 9 de noviembre de 2007. 
  5. «Paul's Boutique - 20th Anniversary Remastered Edition». InSound.com. Archivado desde el original el 2 de abril de 2012. 
  6. a b c d e f g LeRoy, Dan (2006). The Beastie Boys' Paul's Boutique (33 1/3). Continuum International. pp. 54-59. ISBN 978-0-8264-1741-1. Consultado el 6 de octubre de 2009. 
  7. a b Batey, Angus (January 2009). «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». Mojo (182): 118. 
  8. a b c Tingen, Paul (May 2005). «The Dust Brothers: Sampling, Remixing & The Boat Studio». Sound on Sound (Cambridge, UK: SOS Publications Group). ISSN 1473-5326. 
  9. Burke, Darron (January 2002). «Interview with Mario Caldato, Jr. – March 2001». Barnes, Joyce, ed. Tape Op Magazine (Sacramento, CA). OCLC 55533380. Archivado desde el original el 28 de marzo de 2012.  Parámetro desconocido |df= ignorado (ayuda)
  10. "The Beastie Boys Interview Preview". clashmusic.com(requiere suscripción)
  11. «Paul's Boutique (1989 LP)». Discogs.com. 
  12. LeRoy, Dan (2006). The Beastie Boys' Paul's Boutique (33 1/3). Continuum International. pp. 100-106. ISBN 978-0-8264-1741-1. Consultado el 28 de febrero de 2011. 
  13. Carlson, Jen (19 de abril de 2006). «NYC Album Art: Paul's Boutique». Gothamist. Archivado desde el original el 11 de junio de 2013. Consultado el 16 de enero de 2014.  Parámetro desconocido |df= ignorado (ayuda)
  14. «New York Minute » In Search Of Paul's Boutique». Nyminute.blog.arte.tv. 29 de diciembre de 2009. Archivado desde el original el 23 de diciembre de 2013. Consultado el 16 de enero de 2014.  Parámetro desconocido |df= ignorado (ayuda)
  15. a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. «Paul's Boutique – Beastie Boys». AllMusic. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011. 
  16. Lozaw, Tristram. «Paul's Boutique». Yahoo! Music. Archivado desde el original el 23 de diciembre de 2012. Consultado el 23 de diciembre de 2012.  Parámetro desconocido |df= ignorado (ayuda)
  17. "Paul's Boutique > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums" en AllMusic
  18. Rabin, Nathan (17 de febrero de 2009). «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique: 20th Anniversary Edition». The A.V. Club. Consultado el 16 de enero de 2014. 
  19. a b Christgau, Robert (1990). «The Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s. Pantheon Books. p. 50. ISBN 0-679-73015-X. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011. 
  20. a b «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». NME (London): 46. 19 de noviembre de 1994. 
  21. a b Patrin, Nate (13 de febrero de 2009). «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». Pitchfork. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011. 
  22. «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». Q (355): 121. February 2016. 
  23. a b «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». Rolling Stone (New York): 65. 6 de febrero de 2003. 
  24. Levy, Joe (2004). «Beastie Boys». Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. pp. 49-51. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  25. Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. pp. 46-47. ISBN 0-679-75574-8. 
  26. Handelman, David (25 de julio de 1989). «Paul's Boutique». Rolling Stone (New York). Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011. 
  27. Kot, Greg (3 de agosto de 1989). «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique (Capitol)». Chicago Tribune. Consultado el 5 de mayo de 2016. 
  28. Christgau, Robert (May 1989). «Paul's Boutique». Playboy. Consultado el 5 de mayo de 2016. 
  29. «Top 100 Albums of the 1980s». Pitchfork Media. 20 de noviembre de 2002. 003: Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique. Archivado desde el original el 2 de abril de 2008. Consultado el 28 de febrero de 2011. 
  30. «Chris Rock's 25 Hip Hop Albums». RateYourMusic.com. 
  31. Tyrangiel, Josh (2 de noviembre de 2006). «All-TIME 100 Albums: Paul's Boutique». Time (New York). Consultado el 28 de febrero de 2011. 
  32. «The 100 Best Albums of the 1980s». Slant Magazine. 5 de marzo de 2012. Consultado el 21 de junio de 2012. 
  33. «The 10 Best Albums By White Rappers». Rhapsody. Archivado desde el original el 26 de junio de 2010. Consultado el 26 de julio de 2010. 
  34. Partridge, Kenneth (25 de julio de 2014). «Beastie Boys' 'Paul's Boutique' at 25: Classic Track-by-Track Album Review». Billboard. Consultado el 24 de septiembre de 2015. 
  35. «Beastie Boys: Paul's Boutique». Mojo (79): 125. June 2000. 
  36. Kemp, Mark (19 de febrero de 2009). «Paul's Boutique: 20th Anniversary Remastered Edition». Rolling Stone (New York). Consultado el 23 de diciembre de 2012. 
  37. Whalen, Nancy (6 de abril de 1994). «Gathering Dust». BAM (Oakland). OCLC 56556937. Consultado el 23 de diciembre de 2012. 
  38. «Shake, Shake, Shake. Shake your Boutique». A Story To Tell. twelvebar.com. Archivado desde el original el 13 de octubre de 2008. 
  39. Pollicino, Raul. «The Sounds of Science». Song Spotlight. BeastieMania.com. 
  40. a b Relic, Peter (7 de agosto de 2014). «'The Jerry Lewis': The Untold Story of the Beastie Boys Single That Never Was». Rolling Stone (New York). Consultado el 4 de octubre de 2015. 
  41. LeRoy, Dan (2014). For Whom the Cowbell Tolls: 25 Years of Paul's Boutique. 6623 Press. ISBN 0-692-26237-7. 
  42. «Beastie Boys on WhoSampled». WhoSampled. Consultado el 1 de noviembre de 2015. 
  43. «ポールズ・ブティック [Extra tracks]» [Paul's Boutique [Extra tracks]] (en japonés). Amazon.co.jp. Consultado el 28 de febrero de 2011. 
  44. «Chartifacts: Week Ending 20 September 1992 – Issue No. 138 (from The ARIA Report Issue No. 138)». Australian Recording Industry Association. Consultado el 16 de abril de 2016. 
  45. Beastie Boys | Artist | Official Charts (en inglés). UK Albums Chart. The Official Charts Company. Consultado el 5 de abril de 2016.
  46. Beastie Boys Album & Song Chart History (en inglés). Billboard 200 para Beastie Boys. Prometheus Global Media. Consultado el 18 de septiembre de 2013.
  47. Beastie Boys Album & Song Chart History (en inglés). Billboard Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums para Beastie Boys. Prometheus Global Media. Consultado el 19 de septiembre de 2013.