Mary Midgley

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Mary Midgley
Mary Midgley.JPG
Información personal
Nombre nativo Mary Scrutton
Nacimiento 13 de septiembre de 1919 (97 años)
Londres
Residencia Newcastle, U.K.
Nacionalidad Británica
Familia
Pareja Geoffrey Midgley (m. 1950)
Educación
Educación Literae Humaniores (1942),
Somerville College, Oxford
Alma máter
  • Somerville College
  • Downe House School Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
Información profesional
Ocupación Filósofa y escritora
Área Ética, derechos de los animales, filosofía de la ciencia, etología, evolución
Empleador
Obras notables Beast and Man (1978), Animals And Why They Matter (1983), Evolution as a Religion (1985), Science as Salvation (1992)
Miembro de
Distinciones Doctora honoraria en Letras (1995), Durham University; DHC en Leyes (2008), Universidad de Newcastle upon Tyne
[editar datos en Wikidata]

Mary Beatrice Scrutton, conocida como Mary Midgley (Londres, 13 de septiembre de 1919) es una filósofa inglesa especialista en ética. Fue Senior Lecturer en Filosofía en la Universidad de Newcastle upon Tyne y es conocida por su trabajo en ciencia, ética y derechos de los animales. Escribió su primer libro, Beast And Man (1978), cuando tenía más de cincuenta años. Desde entonces ha escrito más de quince libros más, entre otros Animals And Why They Matter (1983), Wickedness (1984), The Ethical Primate (1994), Evolution as a Religion (1985), y Science as Salvation (1992). Fue investida Doctor honoris causa por las universidades de Durham y Newcastle. Su autobiografía, The Owl of Minerva, se publicó en 2005.

Publicaciones[editar]

Libros
Pamphlets
Artículos
  • The Emancipation of Women (1952) The Twentieth Century CLII, No. 901, pp. 217–25
  • Bishop Butler: A Reply (1952) The Twentieth Century CLII, No. 905
  • Ou Sont les Neiges de ma Tante (1959) The Twentieth Century, pp. 168–79
  • Is "Moral" Dirty Word? (1972) Philosophy 47, No 181, pp. 206–228 JSTOR 3750150
  • The Neutrality of the Moral Philosopher (1974) Supplementary Volume of the Aristotelian Society, pp. 211–29 JSTOR 4544857
  • The Game Game (1974) Philosophy 49, No. 189, pp. 231–253 JSTOR 3750115
  • On Trying Out One's New Sword on a Chance Wayfarer (1977) The Listener (Reprinted in Midgley, Mary Heart and Mind (1981) and MacKinnon, Barbara Ethics, Theory and Contemporary Issues (Third Edition 2001))
  • More about Reason, Commitment and Social Anthropology (1978) Philosophy 53, No. 205, pp. 401–403 JSTOR 3749907
  • The Objection to Systematic Humbug (1978) Philosophy 53, No. 204, pp. 147–169 JSTOR 3749425
  • Freedom and Heredity (1978) The Listener (Reprinted in Midgley, Mary Heart and Mind (1981))
  • Brutality and Sentimentality (1979) Philosophy 54, No. 209, pp. 385–389 JSTOR 3750611
  • The All-Female Number (1979) Philosophy 54 No. 210, pp. 552–554 JSTOR 3751049
  • The Absence of a Gap between Facts and Values (with Stephen R. L. Clark) (1980) Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes 54, pp. 207–223+225-240 JSTOR 4106784
  • Consequentialism and Common Sense (1980) The Hastings Center Report 10, No. 5, pp. 43–44 doi 10.2307/3561052
  • Why Knowledge Matters (1981) Animals in Research: New Perspectives in Animal Experimentation ed. David Sperling
  • Human Ideals and Human Needs (1983) Philosophy 58, No. 223, pp. 89–94 JSTOR 3750521
  • Towards a New Understanding of Human Nature: The Limits of Individualism (1983) How Humans Adapt: A Biocultural Odyssey ed. Donald J. Ortner
  • Selfish Genes and Social Darwinism (1983) Philosophy 58, No. 225, pp. 365–377 JSTOR 3750771
  • Duties Concerning Islands (1983) Encounter LX (Reprinted in People, Penguins and Plastic Trees (1986) ed. Donald Vandeveer also in Ethics (1994) ed. Peter Singer and Environmental Ethics (1995) ed. Robert Elliot)
  • De-Dramatizing Darwin (1984) The Monist '67, No. 2
  • Persons and Non-Persons (1985) In Defense of Animals, pp. 52–62
  • Can Specialist Damage Your Health? (1987) International Journal of Moral and Social Studies 2, No. 1
  • Keeping Species on Ice (1987) Beyond the Bars: the Zoo Dilemma ed.Virginia MacKenna, Will Travers and Jonathan Wray
  • The Flight from Blame (1987) Philosophy 62, No. 241, pp. 271–291 JSTOR 3750837
  • Evolution As A Religion: A Comparison of Prophecies (1987) Zygon 22, No. 2, pp. 179–194 doi 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1987.tb00845.x
  • Embarrassing Relatives: Changing Perceptions of Animals (1987) The Trumpter 4, No. 4, pp. 17–19
  • Beasts, Brutes and Monsters (1988) What Is An Animal? ed. Tim Ingold
  • Teleological Theories of Morality (1988) An Encyclopaedia of Philosophy ed. G.H.R. Parkinson
  • On Not Being afraid of Natural Sex Differences (1988) Feminist Perspectives in Philosophy ed. Morwenna Griffiths and Margaret Whitford
  • Practical Solutions (1988) The Hastings Center Report 19, No. 6, pp. 44–45 doi 10.2307/3561992
  • Myths of Intellectual Isolation (1988–89) Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society LXXXIX, Part 1
  • The Value of "Useless" Research: Supporting Scholarship for the Long Run (1989) Report by the Council for Science and Society
  • Are You an Animal? (1989) Animal Experimentation: The Consensus Changes ed. Gill Langley
  • Why Smartness is Not Enough (1990) Rethinking the Curriculum; Towards an Integrated, Interdisciplinary College Education ed. Mary E. Clark and Sandra A. Wawritko
  • Homunculus Trouble, or, What is Applied Philosophy? (1990) Journal of Social Philosophy 21, No. 1, pp. 5–15 doi 10.1111/j.1467-9833.1990.tb00262.x
  • The Use and Uselessness of Learning (1990) European Journal of Education 25, No.3, pp. 283–294 doi 10.2307/1503318
  • Rights-Talk Will Not Sort Out Child-abuse; Comment on Archard on Parental Rights (1991) Journal of Applied Philosophy 8, No. 1 doi 10.1111/j.1468-5930.1991.tb00411.x
  • The Origin of Ethics (1991) A Companion To Ethics ed. Peter Singer (Available in Spanish here)
  • Is the Biosphere a Luxury? (1992) The Hastings Center Report 22, No. 3, pp. 7–12 doi 10.2307/3563291
  • Towards a More Humane View of the Beasts? (1992) The Environment in Question ed. David E. Cooper and Joy A. Palmer
  • The Significance of Species (1992) The Moral Life ed. Stephen Luper-Foy and Curtis Brown (Reprinted in The Animal Rights/ Environmental Ethics Debate, The Environmental Perspective (1992) ed. Eugene C. Hargrove)
  • Strange Contest, Science versus Religion (1992) The Gospel and Contemporary Culture ed. Hugh Montefiore
  • Philosophical Plumbing (1992) The Impulse to Philosophise ed. A. Phillips Griffiths
  • The idea of Salvation Through Science (1992) New Blackfriars 73, No. 860, pp. 257–265 doi 10.1111/j.1741-2005.1992.tb07240.x
  • Can Science Save its Soul (1992) New Scientist, pp. 43–6
  • Beasts versus the Biosphere (1992) Environmental Values 1, No. 1, pp. 113–21
  • The Four-Leggeds, The Two-Leggeds and the Wingeds (1993) Society and Animals 1, No. 1.
  • Visions, Secular and Sacred (1994) Milltown Studies 34, pp. 74–93
  • The End of Anthropocentrism? (1994) Philosophy and the Natural Environment ed. Robin Attfield and Andrew Belsey
  • Darwinism and Ethics (1994) Medicine and Moral Reasoning ed. K.W.M. Fulford, Grant Gillett and Janet Martin Soskice
  • Bridge-Building at Last (1994) Animals and Human Society ed. Aubrey Manning and James Serpell
  • Zombies and the Turing Test (1995) Journal of Consciousness Studies 2, No. 4, pp. 351–2
  • Reductive Megalomania (1995) Nature's Imagination; The Frontiers of Scientific Vision ed. John Cornwall
  • Trouble with Families? (1995) Introducing Applied Ethics ed. Brenda Almond (Joint with Judith Hughes)
  • The Challenge of Science, Limited Knowledge, or a New High Priesthood? (1995) True to this Earth ed. Alan Race and Roger Williamson
  • The Mixed Community (1995) Earth Ethics, Environmental Ethics, Animal Rights and Practical Applications ed. James P. Serba
  • Visions, Secular and Sacred (1995) The Hastings Center Report 25, No. 5, pp. 20–27 doi 10.2307/3562790
  • Darwin's Central Problems (1995) Science 268, No. 5214, pp. 1196–1198 doi 10.1126/science.268.5214.1196
  • The Ethical Primate. Anthony Freeman in discussion with Mary Midgley (1995) Journal of Consciousness Studies 2, No. 1, pp. 67–75(9) (Joint with Anthony Freeman)
  • Sustainability and Moral Pluralism (1996) Ethics and The Environment 1, No. 1
  • One World – But a Big One (1996) Journal of Consciousness Studies 3, No. 5/6
  • Earth Matters; Thinking about the Environment (1996) The Age of Anxiety ed. Sarah Dunant and Roy Porter
  • The View from Britain: What is Dissolving Families? (1996) American Philosophical Association, Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 96, No. 1 (Joint with Judith Hughes)
  • Can Education be Moral? (1996) Res Publica II, No. 1 doi 10.1007/BF02335711 (Reprinted in Teaching Right and Wrong, Moral Education in the Balance ed Richard Smith and Paul Standish)
  • Science in the World (1996) Science Studies 9, No. 2
  • The Myths We Live By (1996) The Values of Science Oxford Amnesty Lectures ed Wes Williams
  • Visions of Embattled Science (1997) Science Today: Problem or Crisis? ed Ralph Levinson and Jeff Thomas
  • The Soul's Successors: Philosophy and the "Body" (1997) Religion and the Body ed Sarah Coakley
  • Putting Ourselves Together Again (1998) Consciousness and Human Human Identity ed John Cornwall
  • Monkey business. The Origin of Species changed man's conception of himself forever. So why, asks Mary Midgley, is Darwinism used to reinforce the arid individualism of our age? (1999) New Statesman
  • The Problem of Humbug (1998) Media Ethics ed Matthew Kieram
  • Descarte's prisoners (1999) New Statesman
  • Being Scientific about Our Selves (1999) Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6 (Reprinted in Models of the Self (1999) ed Shaun Gallagher and Jonathan Shear)
  • Towards an Ethic of Global Responsibility (1999) Human Rights in Global Politics ed Tim Dunne and Nicholas J. Wheeler
  • The Origins of Don Giovanni (1999–2000) Philosophy Now, p. 32
  • Alchemy Revived (2000) The Hastings Center Report 30, No. 2, pp. 41–43 doi 10.2307/3528314
  • Biotechnology and Monstrosity: Why We Should Pay Attention to the "Yuk Factor" (2000) The Hastings Center Report 30, No. 5, pp. 7–15 doi 10.2307/3527881
  • Earth Song (2000) New Statesman
  • Both nice and nasty (2000) New Statesman
  • Individualism and the Concept of Gaia (2000) Review of International Studies 26, pp. 29–44
  • Consciousness, Fatalism and Science (2000) The Human Person in Science and Theology ed Niels Hendrik Gregerson, Willem B. Drees and Ulf Gorman
  • Human Nature, Human Variety, Human Freedom (2000) Being Humans: Anthropological Universality and Particularity ed Neil Roughley
  • Why Memes? (2000) Alas, Poor Darwin ed Hukary and Steven Rose
  • The Need for Wonder (2000) God for the 21st Century ed Russell Stannard
  • What Gaia Means (2001) The Guardian
  • The bankers' abstract vision of the globe is limited (2001) The Guardian
  • The Problem of Living with Wildness (2001) Wolves and Human Communities: Biology, Politics and Ethics ed Virginia A. Sharpe, Bryan Norton and Strachan Donelley
  • Wickedness (2001) The Philosophers' Magazine pp. 23–5
  • Being Objective (2001) Nature 410, p. 753 doi 10.1038/35071193
  • Heaven and Earth, an Awkward History (2001–2002) Philosophy Now 34 p. 18
  • Does the Earth Concern Us? (2001–2002) Gaia Circular, p. 4
  • Choosing the Selectors (2002) Proceedings of the British Academy 112 published as The Evolution of Cultural Entities ed Michael Wheeler, John Ziman and Margaret A. Boden
  • Pluralism: The Many-Maps Model (2002) Philosophy Now 35
  • How real are you? (2002) Think. A Periodical of the Royal Institute of Philosophy
  • Reply to target article: “Inventing the Subject; the Renewal of ’Psychological’ Psychology” (2002) Journal of Anthropological Psychology
  • Enough is never enough (2002) The Guardian
  • It's all in the mind (2002) The Guardian
  • Science and Poetry (2003) Situation Analysis 2 (edited extract from Chapters 17 Individualism and the Concept of Gaia and 18 Gods and Goddesses; the Role of Wonder of Science and Poetry)
  • Great Thinkers – James Lovelock (2003) New Statesman
  • Curiouser and curiouser (2003) The Guardian
  • Fate by fluke (2003) The Guardian
  • Criticising the Cosmos (2003) Is Nature Ever Evil? Religion, Science and Value ed Willem B. Drees
  • Zombies (2003–2004) Philosophy Now pp. 13–14
  • Souls, Minds, Bodies, Planets pt1 and pt2 (2004) Two-part article on the Mind Body problem Philosophy Now
  • Us and Them (2004) New Statesman
  • Counting the cost of revenge (2004) The Guardian
  • Mind and Body: The End of Apartheid (2004) Science, Consciousness and Ultimate Reality ed David Lorimer
  • Why Clones? (2004) Scientific and Medical Network Review, No. 84
  • Visions and Values (2005) Resurgence 228
  • Proud not to be a doctor (2005) The Guardian
  • Designs on Darwinism (2005) The Guardian
  • Review: The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins (2006) New Scientist Issue 2572 doi 10.1016/S0262-4079(06)60674-X
  • Rethinking sex and the selfish gene: why we do it (2006) Heredity 96, No. 3, pp. 271–2 doi 10.1038/sj.hdy.6800798
  • A Plague On Both Their Houses (2007) Philosophy Now 64
  • Mary Midgley on Dawkins (2007) Interlog
  • Does Science Make God Obsolete? (2008) John Templeton Foundation

Referencias[editar]


Véase también[editar]

Enlaces externos[editar]