Anexo:Prostitución por país

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Dentro del marco Legal en Colombia, la prostitución no es ilegal, ni está penalizada, acorde con la Sentencia T-629 de 2010, en sentencia de la corte constitucional, La prostitución y el contrato de trabajo, (agosto 13 del año 2010), hay un precedente sentado para su interpretación.[1] [2]

Modelo en el mundo por países Azul claro: Descriminalización; Compraventa de sexo legal, burdeles altamente regulados, derechos laborales para las prostitutas. Verde: Regulación; Compraventa de sexo legal, burdeles regulados, algunos derechos laborales para las prostitutas. Azul oscuro: Abolicionismo; Compraventa de sexo desregulada, burdeles desregulados o ilegales, prostitutas sin derechos ni reconocimiento laboral. Naranja: Neoabolicionismo; Venta de sexo desregulada, compra ilegal, burdeles ilegales, prostitutas sin derechos ni reconocimiento laboral. Rojo: Prohibicionismo; Compraventa de sexo ilegal, burdeles ilegales, prostitutas criminalizadas. Gris: Varía según las leyes de cada localidad

[3]

Situación legal[editar]

Esta tabla es un resumen de la situación legal de la prostitución en cada país. Las columnas deben interpretarse de la siguiente forma:

  • Venta: Situación legal de la venta de sexo. Es decir, de la prostituta o prostituto. No incluye la situación de víctimas de trata de personas. Puede ser Ilegal si quienes ejercen la prostitución están infringiendo la ley, Legal si no infringen ninguna ley y Regulada si, además de ser legal, está regulada como una actividad económica legítima.
  • Compra: Situación legal de los clientes de prostitución. Los posibles valores son los mismos que para la columna Venta. A menos que se indique lo contratio, la ley no distingue entre la compra de servicios voluntarios o a víctimas de trata.
  • Terceros: Situación legal de terceros que se lucran con la prostitución como proxenetas y propietarios de burdeles. Los posibles valores son los mismos que para la columna Prostituta. No incluye trata de personas.

En ningún caso se incluye la situación legal de la prostitución infantil. Algunos países pueden tener valores con matices adicionales. Por ejemplo, Ilegal en lugares públicos se refiere a la prohibición de la prostitución en la calle. En cualquier caso, para más detalles deben consultarse las notas al pie y referencias.

País Venta Compra Terceros
Afganistán[a] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Albania[2] Ilegal Ilegal[3] Ilegal
Alemania[b] Regulada Legal Regulada
Andorra[5][6] Legal Legal Ilegal
Angola
Antigua y Barbuda[7] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal
Arabia Saudí[c] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Argelia[8] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Argentina[9] Legal Ilegal
Armenia[d] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Australia[12] Regulada o ilegal parcialmente (dependiendo del territorio) Legal Regulada o ilegal parcialmente (dependiendo del territorio)
Austria[e] Regulada Legal Proxenetismo ilegal, burdeles legales con licencia
Azerbaiyán[f] Ilegal
Bahamas[14] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal
Baréin[15] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Bangladés[16] Ilegal con excepciones bajo licencia Legal Ilegal con excepciones bajo licencia
Barbados[17] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Bélgica[g] Legal Legal Ilegal
Belice[19] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Bielorrusia[h] Ilegal
Benín[15][cita requerida] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal ilegal
Birmania[21] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Bolivia[22] Legal con licencia Legal Legal con licencia
Bosnia y Herzegovina[23] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Botsuana[24] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Brasil[25] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Brunéi[cita requerida] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Bulgaria[26] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Burkina Faso[27] Legal Legal Ilegal
Burundi
Bután[i] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Cabo Verde[j] Legal Legal excepto con menores de 16 años Legal excepto con menores de 16 años o personas en situación de necesidad extrema
Camboya[30] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Camerún[31] Ilegal Legal excepto adulterio Ilegal
Canadá[k] Inmunidad Ilegal Ilegal
Catar[l] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
República Centroafricana
Chad
República Checa[34] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Chile[35] Ilegal, permitida bajo condiciones Legal Ilegal
República Popular China (China continental)[36] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Hong Kong (China)][37] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Macao (China)[38] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Chipre[39] Legal Legal Ilegal
Colombia[40][cita requerida] Legal Legal Regulada
Comoras
República del Congo
República Democrática del Congo[41] Legal Ilegal
Corea del Norte[42] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Corea del Sur[43] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Costa de Marfil[44][15] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Costa Rica[m] Legal Legal Ilegal
Croacia[46] Ilegal Legal excepto si la prostituta está siendo forzada Ilegal
Cuba[47] Ilegal
Dinamarca[n] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Dominica[50] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal
República Dominicana[o] Ilegal
Ecuador[52] Ilegal excepto con licencia Legal Ilegal excepto con licencia
Egipto[53] Ilegal Permitida por jurisprudencia Ilegal
El Salvador[p] Legal Ilegal Ilegal
Emiratos Árabes Unidos[15] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Eritrea
Eslovaquia[55] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Eslovenia[q] Decriminalizada Legal Ilegal
España[r] Alegal Alegal Ilegal en caso de vulnerabilidad o condiciones abusivas
Estados Unidos de América[cita requerida] Solo legal, con condón obligatorio, en ciertas partes del Estado de Nevada Solo legal, con condón obligatorio, en ciertas partes del Estado de Nevada
Estonia[59] Legal Legal Legal
Etiopía[60] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Filipinas[61] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Finlandia[62] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal en lugares públicos o con víctimas de trata Ilegal
Fiyi[63] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal
Francia[64] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal Ilegal
Gabón
Gambia
Georgia
Ghana
Granada
Grecia
Guatemala Legal Legal Ilegal
Guinea
Guinea-Bisáu
Guinea Ecuatorial
Guyana[65] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Haití
Honduras Legal Legal Ilegal
Hungría[66] Ilegal excepto en zonas designadas Legal Ilegal excepto en zonas designadas
India[67] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal
Indonesia[68] Ilegal excepto en zonas designadas Legal Ilegal excepto en zonas designadas
Irak[69] Ilegal Contraviene la Sharia Ilegal
Irán[70] Ilegal excepto mediante matrimonios temporal Ilegal
Irlanda[71] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal
Islandia[s] Legal Ilegal Ilegal
Israel[74] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Italia[75] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Jamaica[76] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Japón[77] Ilegal en lugares públicos cuando incluye coito Legal de facto Ilegal cuando incluye coito
Jordania[78][15] Ilegal Ilegal
Kazajistán[79] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Kenia[80] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Kirguistán
Kiribati[81] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Kuwait[15] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Laos[82] Ilegal Legal excepto adulterio Ilegal
Lesoto
Letonia[83] Ilegal excepto con licencia y en residencia privada Legal Ilegal
Líbano[84][15] Ilegal excepto en burdel con licencia Legal Ilegal excepto con licencia
Liberia
Libia[85][cita requerida] Legal Legal Ilegal
Liechtenstein
Lituania[86][cita requerida] Ilegal en lugares públicos Ilegal Ilegal
Luxemburgo[87][88] Legal Legal Ilegal
República de Macedonia[89] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Madagascar[90] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Malasia[91] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal excepto en aplicación de la Sharia Ilegal
Malaui[92] Sujeto a interpretación judicial Legal Ilegal
Maldivas[93] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Malí[15] Legal Legal
Malta[94] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Marruecos[15] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Islas Marshall[t] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Mauricio
Mauritania
México[96] Depende de cada estado Legal Depende de cada estado
Estados Federados de Micronesia
Moldavia
Mónaco[97] Legal Legal Ilegal
Mongolia[98] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Montenegro
Mozambique
Namibia[99] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Nauru
Nepal[100] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Nicaragua Legal Legal Ilegal
Níger
Nigeria[101] Ilegal con coito Legal Ilegal
Noruega[102][cita requerida] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Nueva Zelanda[103] Legal con preservativo Legal con preservativo Legal
Omán[15] Ilegal Incierto Ilegal
Países Bajos[104] Regulada Legal Regulada
Pakistán[105] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Palaos[u] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Estado de Palestina
Panamá
Papúa Nueva Guinea[107] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Paraguay
Perú[108] Ilegal excepto con licencia Legal Ilegal excepto con licencia
Polonia[109] Legal Legal Ilegal
Portugal[110] Legal Legal Ilegal
Reino Unido[111][cita requerida] Legal Legal excepto con víctimas de trata Ilegal
Ruanda
Rumania[112] Legal Legal Ilegal
Rusia[113] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Islas Salomón[v] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Samoa[w] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
San Cristóbal y Nieves
San Marino
San Vicente y las Granadinas
Santa Lucía
Santo Tomé y Príncipe
Senegal[116] Ilegal en lugares públicos excepto con licencia Legal Ilegal
Serbia
Seychelles[x] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Sierra Leona
Singapur[118] Ilegal en lugares públicos o portadoras de VIH Legal Ilegal
Siria
Somalia
Sri Lanka[119][cita requerida] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Suazilandia
Sudáfrica[120][cita requerida] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Sudán[121] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Sudán del Sur
Suecia[122] Legal Ilegal Ilegal
Suiza[123] Ilegal excepto en zonas designadas Legal Ilegal excepto en zonas designadas
Surinam
Tailandia[124] Ilegal en la mayoría de circunstancias Legal Ilegal
Tanzania
Tayikistán[125] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Timor Oriental[126][cita requerida] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Togo
Tonga[y] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal
Trinidad y Tobago[128] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Túnez[129] Ilegal excepto con licencia Legal Ilegal excepto con licencia
Turkmenistán
Turquía[130] Ilegal excepto en burdeles con licencia Legal Ilegal excepto con licencia
Tuvalu[z] Legal[cita requerida] Legal[cita requerida] Ilegal
Ucrania[132][cita requerida] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Uganda[133] Ilegal Legal Ilegal
Uruguay[134] Regulada Legal Regulada
Uzbekistán
Vanuatu[135] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal[cita requerida] Ilegal
Ciudad del Vaticano
Venezuela[136][cita requerida] ilegal ilegal Parcialmente legal
Vietnam[137] Ilegal Ilegal Ilegal
Yemen
Yibuti
Zambia
Zimbabue[138] Ilegal en lugares públicos Legal Ilegal

Véase también[editar]

Notas[editar]

  1. La prostitución no está contemplada explícitamente en la ley. Sin embargo, quienes compran o venden sexo pueden ser acusados por «relaciones sexuales ilegales»[1]
  2. La prostitución está regulada, incluyendo los burdeles y la publicidad. Cada ciudad puede establecer zonas sin prostitución.[4]
  3. El sexo fuera del matrimonio (Zina) está prohibido por la Sharia, en la cual se basa el sistema legal de Arabia Saudi.[cita requerida]
  4. Armenia no tiene leyes que prohíban la prostitución. El proxenetismo y los burdeles están prohibidos por el Artículo 262 del Código Penal.[10][11]
  5. El Código Penal austriaco (Strafgesetzbuch) prohíbe el proxenetismo (Artículo 216).[13]​ Los burdeles están permitidos siempre que se obtenga una licencia de las autoridades. La prostitución se considera una forma de autoempleo y está sujeta a ciertos derechos laborales.[cita requerida]
  6. Los burdeles están prohibidos por el Artículo 244 del Código Penal.[cita requerida]
  7. La prostitución está permitida a nivel federal mientras que el proxenetismo y los burdeles están penados. Existen regulaciones locales con distintos niveles de permisividad.[18]
  8. El proxenetismo está prohibido en el Artículo 171 del Código Penal.[20]
  9. El Código Penal de Bután prohíbe la prostitución (Capítulo 26). Existen penas para la venta de sexo (Artículo 373), la compra (Artículo 377) y el lucro de terceros (Artículo 375).[28]
  10. El Código Penal de Cabo Verde sólo establece la prohibición del proxenetismo cuando involucra a menores de 16 años se aproveche de personas en una situación de «necesidad extrema» (Artículo 148).[29]
  11. El 20 de diciembre de 2013 los artículos del Código Penal relativos a la prostitución fueron declarados inconstitucionales. Para cubrir este vacío, en 2014 se aprobó la Ley de Protección de Comunidades y Personas Explotadas (Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act) que reformó el Código Penal pasando a considerar la prostitución como una forma de explotación sexual que afecta de forma negativa y desproporcional a mujeres y niñas. La nueva ley ilegaliza la prostitución y considera delito la compra y el lucro de terceros. Dado que quienes venden servicios sexuales son considerados víctimas, no están sujetos a sanciones y se les garantiza explícitamente inmunidad legal.[32]
  12. El Código Penal de Catar, basado en la Sharia, prohíbe la prostitución, refiriéndose a esta como «instigación al libertinaje, disipación y fornicación» (Capítulo 6}. Se prohíbe instigar el libertinaje y fornicación en público (Artículo 294), regentar un burdel (Artículo 295), el proxenetismo y la compra entendido de forma muy amplia (Artículo 296) y vivir de la profesión del «adulterio o sodomía» (Artículo 298).[33]
  13. La prostitución (compra y venta) no es ilegal en Costa Rica. El Código Penal de Costa Rica prohíbe el proxenetismo (Artículo 169, 170 y 171) y la promoción de Costa Rica como destino de turismo sexual (Artículo 162 bis).[45]
  14. La prostitución está decriminalizada desde 1999. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo (Artículos 228 y 229) y e incitar a la prostitución en lugares públicos (Artículo 233).[48][49]
  15. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo (Artículo 334).[51]
  16. La venta de sexo no es ilegal. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo (Artículo 170 y 170-A), la compra o «la mera demanda o solicitud de servicios de prostitución» (Artículo 170-A).[54]
  17. La prostitución fue decriminalizada en 2003. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo.[56]
  18. La prostitución fue decriminalizada en 1995.[57]​ Algunos municipios tienen ordenanzas que establecen multas por el ejercicio de la prostitución en las calles.[cita requerida] El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo cuando «la víctima se encuentre en una situación de vulnerabilidad personal o económica» o «se le impongan para su ejercicio condiciones gravosas, desproporcionadas o abusivas» (Artículo 187)[58]
  19. En Islandia el ejercicio de la prostitución estaba penado con prisión hasta 2007, cuando fue despenalizada. En 2009 se pasó a prohibir la compra de servicios sexuales, atacando a la demanda de la prostitución pero no a las prostitutas. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo.[72][73]
  20. El Artículo 251 del Código Penal prohíbe completamente la prostitución, el proxenetismo y los burdeles.[95]
  21. La Ley Antiprostitución de Palaos (Capítulo 36 del Código Penal) prohíbe la prostitución por completo, estableciendo penas contra prostitutas, clientes y proxenetas.[106]
  22. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo (Artículos 144 y 153), los burdeles (Artículo 155) y el comportamiento «indecente» de prostitutas en público (Artículo 175).[114]​)
  23. La Ley de Crimen de Samoa prohíbe los burdeles (Artículo 70), la venta de sexo (Artículo 71), la compra (Artículo 73) y el proxenetismo (Artículo 74 y 75).[115]
  24. El Código Penal prohíbe los burdeles (Artículo 155}, el proxenetismo (Artíulos 138, 143, 144 y 156) y el comportamiento «indecente» por parte de prostitutas en lugares públicos (Artículo 173).[117]
  25. La ley penal de Tonga prohíbe los burdeles (Artículo 80), el proxenetismo y abordar a clientes en lugares públicos (Artículo 81). La ley establece penas más duras para mujeres transexuales.[127]
  26. El Código Penal prohíbe el proxenetismo con diferentes penas para hombres (Artículo 145) y mujeres (Artículo 146), así como los burdeles (Artículo 148).[131]

Referencias[editar]

  1. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «Although the law does not directly address prostitution people who buy or sell sex may be charged under Article 427 of the Penal Code 1976 which criminalises 'unlawful sexual relations.'». 
  2. «Criminal code of the Republic of Albania» (pdf) (en inglés). 25 de enero de 1995. Consultado el 5 de junio de 2016. «Prostitution is punishable by a fine or up to three years of imprisonment. [...] Inducing prostitution, mediating or gaining from it is punishable by a fine or up to five years of imprisonment.» 
  3. Likmeta, Besar (29 de febrero de 2012). «Albania Cracks Down on Sex Workers' Clients». Balkan Insight (en ingés) (Tirana). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Albania's parliament on Monday amended the penal code, raising the jail term for users of prostitutes to three years.» 
  4. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «The Act on the Regulation of Prostitutes' Legal Affairs 2002 gave sex work legal status by establishing that agreements between adult sex workers, employers and clients are subject to civil law. Thus it is legal to sell sex in aproved businesses or on a freelance basis and sex workers can enforce relevant contracts (such as to be paid by a client) Sex businesses must comply with regulations about health and safety;hygiene and location.» 
  5. «Els advocats alerten del buit legal en l'exercici de la prostitució». Diari d'Andorra (en catalán). 28 de noviembre de 2012. Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «La llei persegueix el proxenetisme i els locals, però no algú que faci l’activitat de forma independent». 
  6. «Llei 9/2005, del 21 de febrer, qualificada del Codi penal» (en catalán). 2005. Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «El qui faci funcionar o financi un establiment de prostitució ha de ser castigat amb pena de presó de tres mesos a tres anys i inhabilitació per a la gerència d’establiments d’hoteleria, restauració o lleure fins a cinc anys. [...] El qui recluti per a la prostitució, promogui, faciliti o afavoreixi la prostitució d’altri ha de ser castigat amb pena de presó de tres mesos a tres anys. [...] El qui, mitjançant violència o intimidació, o amb abús d’autoritat, de superioritat, de confiança, de situació de necessitat o dependència, o amb engany suficient, determini algú a prostituir-se o a continuar-ho fent ha de ser castigat amb pena de presó de dos a cinc anys.» 
  7. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «The Antigua and Barbuda Sexual Offences Act 1995 makes it illegal to knowingly live off the earning of a prostitute and to manage or act or assist in the management of a brothel [...] Procuring a person for prostitution [...] is illegal. [...] It is illegal to solicit for ‘immoral purposes’ to the annoyance of the public and to loiter or be in any public place for the purpose of prostitution. It is also illegal for men to persistently solicit or importune for immoral purposes in public. An extra provision makes it illegal to be a ‘common prostitute wandering in the public streets or public highways, or in any place of public resort and behaving in a riotous or indecent manner’.» 
  8. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «The Criminal Code of Algeria makes it illegal to soliciting to sell sex and to aid, assist or protect the prostitution of others; to share the profits of a person who is regularly engaged in prostitution; to live with a person who is regularly engaged in prostitution; and to procuring a person for prostitution. The code also prohibits keeping, managing, causing to operate, financing, or contributing to the financing of an establishment for the purpose of prostitution. [...] Buying sex is not illegal except insofar as it violates Sharia law.» 
  9. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to operate a brothel, to organize prostitution and to live off the earnings of prostitution. Soliciting to sell sex is illegal within 500 meters of a school, church or residence. Laws against 'offensive or scandalous public behaviour' are used to charge sex workers. [...] Buying sex is not illegal». 
  10. Payaslian, Simon (30 de junio de 2011). The Political Economy of Human Rights in Armenia: Authoritarianism and Democracy in a Former Soviet Republic (en inglés). I.B.Tauris. p. 230. ISBN 9780857731692. «Armenia has no laws prohibiting prostitution, although operating a brothel is illegal.» 
  11. OSCE (2006). «Armenian Legislation on Trafficking in Human Beings Legislative Gap Analys» (pdf) (en inglés). Ereván. p. 24. «Article 262, Armenian Criminal Code (after amendments adopted on June 9, 2004, i.e. the current one): 1. Organizational activities aimed at others prostitution, or maintaining dens for prostitution or regularly providing buildings for prostitution is punished with a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimal salaries, or correctional labor for a term of up to two years, or with imprisonment for a term of up to four years.» 
  12. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 5 de junio de 2017. «Australia is a federal system made up of eight jurisdictions that have the power to create sex work law. Like other federations the laws are diverse and complex. [...]». 
  13. «Strafgesetzbuch § 216 StGB Zuhälterei» (en alemán). «(1) Wer mit dem Vorsatz, sich aus der Prostitution einer anderen Person eine fortlaufende Einnahme zu verschaffen, diese Person ausnützt, ist mit Freiheitsstrafe bis zu zwei Jahren zu bestrafen.» 
  14. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 7 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to knowingly live on the earnings of prostitution, to operate a brothel and to procure a person for prostitution whether the person is willing or not. [...] Persistently soliciting or importuning for immoral purposes in any public place is illegal. This can apply to both buying and selling sex. [...]». 
  15. a b c d e f g h i j Thomson Reuters Foundation (2012). «Overview of Trafficking and Prostitution Laws in the Middle East and Africa» (pdf) (en inglés). 
  16. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 7 de junio de 2017. «Keeping a brothel or allowing premises to be used as a brothel, living on the earnings of prostitution and procuring a female for the purpose of prostitution are criminalised [...] Soliciting to sell sex is illegal [...] A woman can obtain permission to sell sex by paying a fee and swearing an affidavit stating she is unable to find other work and is exercising free choice. This registration confers no social, economic, civil or political rights or access to health services. Registered women mainly work in large brothel complexes that have been tolerated for many years. Law enforcement is highly corrupt and police violence is common. Women charged with vagrancy provisions are detained in shelters from which they are released to male 'guardians' or by paying a bribe. Various abuses in detention centres have been reported by sex workers. Women who have no guardian to collect them from detention or money for bribes are detained in the centres for longer periods or released to people that exploit them. The Supreme Court has held that because there is no law expressly prohibiting prostitution sex workers should enjoy constitutional protection of their fundamental human rights and freedoms. It has also declared that detention for 'vagrancy'is unlawful and ordered that rehabilitation schemes be compatible with human dignity and worth. [...] Buying sex is not illegal. STI and HIV testing are officially voluntary and confidential». 
  17. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 7 de junio de 2017. «[...] illegal to allow premises to be used for prostitution; to manage, act or assist in the management of a brothel, to procure for prostitution and to live off immoral earnings. It is an offence to solicit to sell sex in public places. [...] Buying sex is not illegal. STI and HIV testing are officially voluntary and confidential.» 
  18. Reinschmidt, Lena (2006). «Prostitution in Belgium: federal legislation and regulation at the local level» (pdf) (en inglés). Observatory for Sociopolitical Developments in Europe. 
  19. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 7 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to procure a person to work as a prostitute; to keep or manage or act or assist in the management of a brothel, to provide premises for prostitution and to knowingly live wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution. The Summary Jurisdiction (Offences) Act Chapter 98 makes it illegal for a ‘common prostitute’ to solicit, or be in any street or public place, for the purpose of prostitution and to behave in a riotous and indecent manner. Women are classified as common prostitutes after a police warning. 'Male persons’ commit an offence if they loiter about for the purpose of prostitution or persistently solicit or importune for immoral purposes in public places. This is aimed at male sex workers not clients of female sex workers. [...]». 
  20. Bielorrusia. «Уголовный кодекс Республики Беларусь» [Código Penal de la República de Bielorrusia] (en ruso). «Статья 171. Использование занятия проституцией или создание условий для занятия проституцией 1. Использование занятия проституцией другим лицом либо предоставление с корыстной целью помещения (места) лицом, заведомо знавшим, что это помещение (место) будет использовано для занятия проституцией, или организация и (или) содержание притона для занятия проституцией при отсутствии признаков более тяжкого преступления наказываются лишением свободы на срок от трех до пяти лет.» 
  21. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to procure a woman for prostitution and to operate a brothel. [...] The Suppression of Prostitution Act (1949) prohibits earning money from one's own prostitution or the prostitution of others. [...] Soliciting to sell sex in public places is illegal. Public order laws are more frequently used than sex work law used to arrest, detain and fine sex workers. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  22. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Since 2001 sex can be sold from permitted brothels and by licensed sex workers. Female must register and must undergo regular health checks for sexually transmitted diseases every 20 days and police can check whether the prostitutes are registered and have attended the STI clinic or not. Operators of unlicensed brothels and unregistered sex workers are guilty of an offence.» 
  23. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The Penalty Code makes it illegal to organise the prostitution of others and to recruit for prostitution with or without coercion. Soliciting to sell sex is a misdemeanor offence against public peace and order. [...] Violence against sex workers is very common and sex workers have no access to justice. Buying sex is not illegal. [...]». 
  24. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Sections 149, 154, 155, 156 and 157 of the Penal Code criminalise procuring any person to have unlawful carnal connection or become a prostitute; living on earnings of prostitution; persistently soliciting for prostitution; aiding prostitution for gain and brothel keeping. Brothel keeping offences apply to managers, landlords, tenants and anyone else who is 'party to the continued use of such premises as a brothel. It is illegal (S 153) to detain a person in a place for the purpose of having any unlawful carnal connection and, if the place is a brothel, that person is deemed to be detained even if she is in fact there voluntarily. Soliciting to sell sex in public places is criminalised by provisions about common nuisance and loitering. [...] Buying sex is not criminalised.» 
  25. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to profit from the prostitution of others; to maintain a house for the purpose of prostitution and to entice or procure a woman for prostitution. Vagrancy/public order laws are used to charge women for soliciting to sell sex in public places. Sex work is recognised as an occupation which means that sex workers can claim pensions and other benefits. The Federal Labor and Employment Ministry Primer on Sex Professional offers advice for those who wish to become sex workers on its website. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  26. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Articles 154 and 155 of the Penal Code of Bulgaria prohibit 'organised prostitution' which is defined as systematically placing premises for sexual intercourse or for acts of lewdness at the disposal of different persons.and procuring. Procuring is an offence defined as persuading an individual to practice prostitution of perform indecent touching or copulation. Penalties are more severe where drugs are given to persuade or force another person to practice prostitution or where an individual is acting at the orders of, or implementing a decision of, an organized criminal group. Soliciting to sell sex in public places is criminalised by vagrancy/public order laws. Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  27. Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos (2009). «2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Burkina Faso» (en inglés). «The law does not specifically prohibit prostitution, which was prevalent; however, pimping and soliciting are illegal.» 
  28. Bután (2004). «Penal Code of Bhutan» [Código Penal de Bután] (pdf) (en inglés). 
  29. Cabo Verde (2004). «Penal Code» [Código Penal] (pdf) (en inglés). 
  30. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The 2008 Cambodian Law on Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation confirms pre-existing provisions against human trafficking and procuring with the use of force or coercion and extends them to all third party involvement in sex work which is defined in the Act as sexual exploitation. This includes criminalisation of almost all social and financial transactions connected to sex work such as supplying accommodation, transport, employment, advertising or any other services to sex workers. These laws apply regardless of the consent of the woman. It is illegal to solicit to sell sex in public places. Freelance prostitution is criminalised through soliciting laws and by a government policy on 'safer communities' that also targets drug users. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  31. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Procuring a woman for prostitution, brothel keeping, aiding and abetting prostitution and living off immoral earnings are illegal. (S294 Cameroon Penal Act). It is illegal to sell sex which is defined as 'habitually engaging in sexual acts with another for remuneration.' This applies in any place and regardless of how or where the sex worker and client meet. Soliciting to sell sex in public spaces is illegal.(S343 Cameroon Penal Act) Both men and women can be charged. Because it is difficult to prove the 'habitual' element in the prostitution offence and because it attracts a jail sentence of up to five years, sex workers are rarely charges with these offences. Sex business managers have sometimes been prosecuted. In theory it is illegal for married men to buy sex because adultery is a crime for both men and women although this law is unenforced.» 
  32. Departamento de Justicia de Canadá (2014). Technical Paper: Bill C-36, An Act to amend the Criminal Code in response to the Supreme Court of Canada decision in Attorney General of Canada v. Bedford and to make consequential amendments to other Acts [Informe Técnico: Proyecto de Ley C-36, una Ley para enmendar el Código Penal en respuesta a la decisión de la Corte Suprema de Canadá en el caso del Fiscan General de Canadá contra Bedford y para hacer las enmiendas correspondientes de otras leyes] (pdf) (en inglés). ISBN 978-1-100-24757-1. 
  33. Catar (2004). «Law No. (II) of 2004: Penal Codetítulo-trad=Ley Nº II de 2004: Código Penal» (pdf) (en inglés). 
  34. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to procure a person for prostitution, to live off immoral earnings or to operate a brothel. Public order laws are used to arrest women for soliciting for sex in public places. Law enforcement is lax so that all forms of sex work are common throughout the country. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex». 
  35. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Brothel keeping and procuring for prostitution are illegal. Although selling sex appears in a list of 'offenses against morality' in the Penal Code of Chile sex workers can register with health authorities and submit to mandatory medical examinations. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  36. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Sex work is addressed by both administrative and criminal law. The Law on Penalties for Administration of Public Security 2005 (Article 66) make buying and selling sex unlawful as well as 'seducing, sheltering or introducing a person to prostitution'. Organizing, forcing or inducing prostitution are illegal. Both sellers and buyers of sexual services are liable to fines and administrative detention in re-education centres or 'labour camps'. [...]». 
  37. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Soliciting for any immoral purpose in a public place is made illegal by Section 147 of the Crimes Ordinance. [...] It is an offense to keep a brothel which is defined as a place in which than one sex worker operates and to control of sex workers. [...] Buying sex is not illegal». 
  38. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Soliciting in a public place for prostitution under the Criminal Code. Keeping a brothel is illegal and it is an offence to ‘control prostitution’ or act as an agent encouraging prostitution. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  39. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to operate brothels, organize prostitution rings, live off the profits of prostitution, encourage prostitution or force a person to engage in prostitution. Buying and selling sex are not illegal. [...]». 
  40. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to operate a brothel other than in a designated 'tolerance zone'.» 
  41. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Article 174 of the Law No. 09/001 on the Protection of Children [Law No. 09/001 on Child Protection] criminalises both selling sex and operating sex businesses. It states 'who, to gratify the passions of others, will be hired, abducted or enticed, to the debauchery and prostitution, even with his consent, a person older than eighteen years of age...' and those who operate a house of prostitution or debauchery or lives wholly or partly on the earnings of prostitution.' These laws are not implemented because the necessary decrees from several ministries have not been issued which means that funds are not available to conduct prosecutions. [...] Public order laws are sometimes used to arrest sex workers. It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  42. Corea del Norte (2009). «The Criminal Law of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea» (pdf) (en inglés). 
  43. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «In 2004 buying, selling and organising commercial sex were criminalised by the Act on the Punishment of Acts of Arranging Sexual Traffic and the Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Prevention of Sexual Traffic and Protection, etc. of Victims Thereof. [...] This law defines all sexual intercourse in exchange for money or goods as a form of human trafficking. To escape punishment sex workers must prove that they were coerced into providing sexual services.» 
  44. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to pander for prostitution and to operate a brothel. It is illegal to solicit to sell sex in public places. [...] Buying sex is not illegal». 
  45. Costa Rica (2016). «Código Penal». 
  46. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Selling sex is made illegal by Article 12 of the Act on Misdemeanours against Public Peace and Order which criminalises ‘falling into prostitution.’ This means selling sex repeatedly. [...] Organising the prostitution of others is prohibited both by the Act on Misdemeanours against Public Peace and Order and the Criminal Code in which Article 7 criminalises allowing for one’s premises to be used for prostitution or enabling or helping another to engage in prostitution. It is also illegal for a third party to advertise prostitution. Alluring or inciting another person to give sexual services (pandering), organising and abetting prostitution are made illegal by Criminal Code (Article 175) Consent is irrelevant to this offence. Buying sex is not illegal unless it is from a woman who has been compelled to sell sex if the buyer knew, or should have known, that there was some form of compulsion.» 
  47. Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular de Cuba. «Código Penal». 
  48. Dinamarca. «Straffeloven» [Código Penal] (en danés). 
  49. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to induce a person to sell sex and to promote sexual immorality by acting as an intermediary, or to derive profit from the activities of any person engaging in 'sexual immorality as a profession'. Thus operating a brothel, living on the earnings of a prostitute and procuring are illegal. It is also illegal to let premises for prostitution. Section 233 of the 1999 law on prostitution criminalises 'any person who incites or invites other persons to prostitution or exhibits immoral habits in a manner which is likely to annoy others or arouse public offence.' [...] Sex workers are taxed but cannot assert labour rights and have limited access to benefits. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  50. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The Sexual Offences Act 1998 makes it illegal to procure a person to work as a prostitute; to keep or manage or act or assist in the management of a brothel, to provide premises for prostitution and to knowingly live wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution. Street soliciting could be subject to a provision of the Small Offences concerning ‘any person behaving in a public place in an indecent manner.’ [...]». 
  51. República Dominicana (2007). «Código Penal de la República Dominicana» (pdf). 
  52. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «No law criminalizes selling sex or brokering sexual services provided by adults. The only legal document that mentions prostitution is the National Health Code of Ecuador which states that sex work inside of 'closed establishments' should be monitored by the Ministry of Health. Those who solicit on the street and other informal sites can be charged with public order offences. All brothels must be licensed and individual sex workers must obtain a 'carnet,' which is an occupational license that appears to certify that the sex worker is disease free. To obtain the license, sex workers must be over 18 and test negative for syphilis, chlamydia, and HIV. The license must be updated by a government clinic every 8-15 days. If the sex worker tests positive for disease the license is suspended or revoked. The carnet resembles a passport which includes a photograph of the sex worker. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex. In fact the Ecuadorian military officially arranges for sex workers to be availabe to personnel serving in remote places including the Galapagos Islands.» 
  53. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Article 9(c) of Law No. 10/1961 (on Combating Prostitution, Incitement and its Encouragement) makes the 'habitual practice of debauchery [fujur] an offence. This makes both organising commercial sex and selling sex illegal. The same law could also make buying sex illegal but convictions of clients in lower courts have been overturned in higher courts. There are reports that police release clients after they have made a statement against the sex worker. [...]». 
  54. El Salvador (2017). «Código Penal». 
  55. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The criminal code (No. 300/2005) makes it illegal to operate a brothel and to coerce or traffic women for sexual exploitation. Neither buying nor selling sex are criminalized. Public order offences are used to against women who sell sex on the streets and to confine them to specific areas. [...]». 
  56. Pajnik, Mojca; Kavčič, Urša (2006). «The Demand Side of Sex: Perspectives on Trafficking and Prostitution (The Case of Slovenia)» (pdf) (en inglés). Liubliana: The Peace Institute – Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies. «In 2003 prostitution was decriminalized with the Act Amending the Act on Offences Against Public Order and Peace [...] Prostitution as such does not represent an offence anymore, but offering prostitution in public places with in appropriate behavior was still –until recently– treated as an offence.» 
  57. Lousada Arochena, José Fernando (2005). «Prostitución y Trabajo: La Legislación Española» (pdf). Congreso Internacional Explotación Sexual y tráfico de mujeres (Madrid). «Aunque las prostitutas no estaban penalizadas, la Ley 16/1970, de 4 de agosto, de peligrosidad y rehabilitación social –derogada por el Código Penal de 1995, aunque inaplicada desde la Constitución de 1978-, consideraba peligrosos a "los que habitualmente ejerzan, promuevan, favorezcan o faciliten la prostitución", imponiéndoles medidas de seguridad de una aflicción cuasipenal –como los arrestos de fin de semana-.» 
  58. España. «Ley Orgánica 10/1995, de 23 de noviembre, del Código Penal (Texto consolidado)». 
  59. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Penal Code S 268 makes it illegal to aid prostitution;to involve a person by mediation and to provide premises for the illegal consumption of drugs, gambling, or prostitution. [...] Penal Code S 201 forbids ‘illegal activities’ in a person’s dwelling which has been used to prevent sex workers providing services from home or private apartments. Selling and buying sex are not a crime but there are legal barriers to prostitution being a recognised occupation.» 
  60. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Article 634 of the Ethiopian Penal Code states, 'Whoever, for gain, makes a profession of or lives by procuring or on the prostitution or immorality of another, or maintains, as a landlord or keeper, a brothel, is punishable with simple imprisonment and fine. Article 846 criminalises 'improper soliciting' and prostitution that is a nuisance to neighbours. Article 639 criminalises sex and any other act 'offensive to decency or morals' carried out in public. Article 847 prohibits the public advertisement of commercial sex. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  61. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Profiting from prostitution is made illegal by the Revised Penal Code. Local ordinances license 'entertainment establishments' including “night clubs, sauna, massage clinics, discotheques, videoke/karaoke bars, cocktail lounges, beer gardens, pub houses and other establishments wherein the services of hired entertainers are employed and patrons are entertained” (Ordinance no. 09, Series 2000, General Santos City). [...] Soliciting for sex is defined as loitering without lawful or justifiable purpose. It is made illegal under the law of vagrancy in which Article 202(5) defines prostitutes as vagrants. The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 defines of ‘trafficking’. It is an offence to recruit, transport, transfer, harbour, provide, or receive a person by any means for the purpose of prostitution, or to maintain or hire a person to engage in prostitution regardless of that person's consent. The Philippine Sanitation Code requires all massage parlour workers to have a health certificate issued by the local health authority. Establishment-based sex workers are required under the local ordinances to attend Social Hygiene Clinics [...] Sex business managers are involved in the monitoring of sex workers health tests because non-compliant establishments run the risk of having their license to operate revoked. Cebu City has made the use of condoms mandatory and required 'entertainments' venues to supply them. (City Ordinance #1952) [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  62. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Sex work is regulated by several Finnish laws in the Penal Code, Public Order Act and Aliens Act. Organising sex work, known as pandering, is illegal. This includes providing facilities, promoting or otherwise accommodating prostitution; providing sex workers’ contact information; tempting or recruiting people into sex work or otherwise profiting from the prostitution of another person. An article in the Public Order Act (612/2003 Chapter 2) that addresses “other activities causing disturbance” makes it illegal to buy or sell sexual services in public places which includes restaurants and bars, as well as streets. It is illegal to buy sex from a minor and from victims of trafficking or pandering (Penal Code, Chapter 20 (Sex Offences [...])». 
  63. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The Crimes Decree 2009 criminalises Brothel keeping.(Section 233); Procuring for Prostitution (Section 217); Knowingly living on the earnings of prostitution (Section 230); Loitering in a public place for the purpose of offering sex in return for a payment of any nature; Soliciting for immoral purposes (Section 231); Seeking or buying sex in a public place (Section 231); Section 233 contains anti-trafficking provisions which apply even where there is consent.)». 
  64. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «L. 225 of the Code Penal makes it illegal to solicit to sell sex. This is defined as "the act, by any means, even a passive attitude, to solicit another in the aim of inciting him or her to have sexual relations in exchange for remuneration or a promise of remuneration.' Owning or operating a brothel, procuring and living off the avails of prostitution are illegal. These are defined as helping or protecting someone to prostitute themselves; profiting from the prostitution of another or receiving funds from someone who prostitutes themselves habitually, hiring or training someone to prostitute themselves or pressuring someone to prostitute themselves. [...] Buying sex was made illegal in 2016.)». 
  65. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Selling sex is made illegal by a law against endangering the lives, safety or health of the public. (Section 356 of the Guyana Criminal Offences Act) It is illegal to keep or manage a bawdy house. (S 357 Guyana Criminal Offences Act) It is illegal to have carnal connection with a woman by tricking or lying to her but it does not apply if the woman is a 'common prostitute'.(S72) [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.)». 
  66. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Section 205 of the Penal Code makes it illegal to promote prostitution. This includes making places available for prostitution; operating a brothel, persuading another person to engage in prostitution and living on the earnings of a person engaging in prostitution. Section 207 (1) makes it illegal for any person to solicit another person for sexual intercourse or fornication for any financial gain. Section 8 of a 1999 Law on Organized Crime empowers municipal authorities to license sex businesses and designate special zones (called tolerance zones) in which the soliciting laws do not apply. Some local authorities have refused to designate such a tolerance zone. [...] Freelance sex workers and sex business must comply with taxation and business rules. It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  67. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA) criminalizes brothel keeping (Section 3), living on earnings of a prostitute (Section 4), procuring, inducing or detaining a person for sex work (Section 5 & 6), prostitution in areas near public places and notified areas (Section 7), and soliciting (Section 8). Public order offenses are used to arrest and detain sex workers. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex but clients can be punished for prostitution related behavior in public places.» 
  68. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The Penal Code makes it illegal to facilitate of acts of obscenity by others as a livelihood (Article 296), trade in women (Article 297) and live on the earnings of a female sex worker (Article 506). These laws are rarely used. In practice the sex industry is governed by a range of sub-national, local laws, regulations and by-laws. These range from strict prohibitions on all sex work to officially tolerated brothel complexes called lokalisasi. Tolerated brothels are in decline with one of the most well known lokalisasis, the Dolly, having been closed by police in 2013. A vagrancy offence in Article 505 of the Penal Code is used to criminalise soliciting to sell sex. [...] Buying sex is not illegal expect insofar as it may contravene Sharia law.» 
  69. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The Combating Prostitution Law No. 8 of 1988 (arabic) made organising male or female prostitutes illegal and established, in theory, a regime for rehabilitation of prostitutes and subsequent Revolutionary Command Council increased the penalties for those convicted of organising or engaging in prostitution. In particular RCC Resolution 234 of 2001 increased the penalty to death. However prostitution was not one of the limited number of offences for which the death penalty was re-instated by means of Decree No. 3 in 2004 but life imprisonment is still a potential penalty. Buying sex contravenes Sharia law for Muslim men.» 
  70. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Until 1979 sex work was tolerated in confined red light districts. These were demolished after the Islamic revolution when laws against brothel keeping, procuring prostitution and selling sex; were introduced along with heavy penalties including jail, flogging and execution. [...] Public order, religious law and drug laws are also used to arrest sex workers, significant numbers of whom inject heroin. The laws of Zina apply so that all adultery, fornication and socialising with the opposite sex are prohibited. However Shi'ite Islam allows temporary marriages in which a man and a woman enter an impermanent partnership of minimum duration with a preset expiration date. In some cases this indistinguishable in practice from activities described as sex work in other places. [...]». 
  71. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal for buyers and sellers of sex to solicit or importune or loiter in public places. It is illegal to organise or control prostitution, live on earnings of the prostitution or keep premises for the purpose of prostitution. (Sexual Offences Act 1993 sections 7 to 11 ) [...] The 1994 Criminal Justice (Public Order) Act prohibits advertising for sex work and brothels.» 
  72. «Prostitution legal in Iceland». Iceland Review (en inglés). 27 de marzo de 2007. «Prostitution became legal in Iceland after a new provision in the Penal Code was accepted by parliament on March 17. It is both legal to solicit sex and to buy sexual services, but it is illegal for a third party to profit from prostitution.» 
  73. «A new law makes purchase of sex illegal in Iceland» (en inglés). 21 de abril de 2009. Consultado el 25 de junio de 2017. 
  74. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Selling sex is made illegal by laws against 'prostitution under a roof' and soliciting for prostitution in public places. Living off the earnings of prostitution and causing or inciting another person to become a prostitute or engage in prostitution are illegal. Public order offenses are used to arrest women who solicit in public places. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  75. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «Law L75/1958, known as the Merlin Law, makes it illegal to profit from the prostitution of others; to maintain a house for the purpose of prostitution and to entice or procure for prostitution. Article 3.8 makes promoting or exploiting the prostitution of others illegal. Article 3.3 makes prostitution in houses, hotels, dance halls, entertainment clubs or other areas open to the public illegal. Article 5 prohibits solicitation to sell sex in a public place. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  76. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 20 de junio de 2017. «The 2009 Sexual Offenses Act (Section 23) makes it illegal to sell sex where it involves persistently soliciting or importuning for immoral purposes, whether in public or private. Knowingly living wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution is illegal. It applies where a person is proved to live with, or to be habitually in the company of, a prostitute, or is proved to have exercised control, direction or influence over the movements of a prostitute in such manner as to show that the person is aiding, abetting or compelling prostitution. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  77. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The Prostitution Prevention Law of 1956, makes it illegal to have 'intercourse with an unspecified person in exchange for payment' Article 3 states that 'No person may either do prostitution or become the customer of it'. However penalties are defined only for soliciting by prostitutes, organising prostitution, operating brothels, procuring or inducing a person for sex work, coercing a person into sex work, and profiting from the sex work of others. This means that buying sex is not effectively illegal. The definition of prostitution is limited to vaginal intercourse so that other forms of commercial sex are legal and can take place in massage parlours and 'soaplands' which are known as fuzoku. These businesses are regulated by the 1948 Businesses Affecting Public Morals Regulation Law. [...]». 
  78. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal for a male to live off the earnings of a female sex worker. A man is deemed to knowingly living off a prostitute's earnings, unless otherwise proved, if he lives with a prostitute, has sexual intercourse with her, controls or affects her movements in a way that appears that he is assisting her or compelling her to practise prostitution.(Article 315 Criminal Code of Jordan) Article 310 of the Criminal Code makes illegal the procurement of a woman to work as a prostitute in Jordan or abroad and any attempt to procure 'any woman under the age of 20 who is not a prostitute or a woman of ill-repute in order for a person to illegally have sexual intercourse with her...any woman, causing her to leave her normal place of residence in Jordan, which is not a brothel, to live in a brothel in Jordan or elsewhere or to frequent it to work as a prostitute'. [...] It is illegal to establish, manage, work in, or help manage a brothel; or rent a house, or knowingly be in charge of a house used as a brothel or to intentionally assist in its habitual use as a brothel. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  79. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The Criminal Code makes it illegal to force or procure for the purposes of prostitution; to live on the earnings of prostitution; to organise or keep or allow premises to be used as a brothel. (Articles 134, 308, 309 and 128) Soliciting to sell sex in public places is prohibited by an administrative article (449) so sex workers cannot challenge fines issued under this article. Buying sex is not illegal. [...]». 
  80. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to live wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution and to aid, abet, compell or incite prostitution. (Sections 153 and 154 of the Penal Code) Women who sell sex can be arrested by both secular and religious police for breaches of various municipal by-laws against 'loitering for the purpose of prostitution,' 'importuning' and 'indecent exposure.' [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  81. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to solicit in public for the purposes of prostitution. It is illegal to operate a brothel and to live on the earnings of prostitution. [...] Buying sex is not illegal [...]». 
  82. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The Penal Code makes it illegal for women to sell sex in public or private and all forms of brothel keeping and assisting prostitution is also illegal. Because adultery is illegal and carries the same penalty as engaging in sex work buying sex is technically illegal. [...]». 
  83. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Cabinet Regulation No. 32 adopted in January 2008, 'Regulations Regarding Restriction of Prostitution', makes it illegal for adults to sell sex unless they have a 'health card.' Police are authorised to arrest any person without a current valid card. [...] A person is allowed to offer or provide sexual services for fee only in a living space which is his or her property or regarding which he or she has entered into a rental contract. [...] Sex workers are forbidden from gathering in groups to offer services. [...] All third party activity which promotes such as brothel keeping is prohibited. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  84. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Sections 526 and 527 of the Lebanese Penal Code make coercion of sex workers and living on the earnings of a sex worker illegal. Article 523 of the Lebanese Penal Code stipulates that sex workers can only practice sex work inside licensed brothels and criminalises 'any person who practices secret prostitution or facilitates it.' [...] Buying sex is not illegal». 
  85. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The Libyan penal code Article 417 criminalises the exploitation of prostitutes and anyone, male or female, who wholly or in part lives off the earnings of a prostitute or who operates a place for practising debauchery or prostitution; helps in managing it or knowingly lets or offers, in any capacity, a house or a place managed for the practice of debauchery, prostitution or lewdness. Buying sex is not illegal expect insofar as it may contravene Sharia law.» 
  86. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Part 3 of Article 239 of the Lithuanian Criminal Code makes it illegal to live off the earnings of prostitution; coerce with blackmail/deceit/use of psychological or physical pressure a person into prostitution, to recruit to prostitution. Selling sex in public is made illegal by an administrative provision that sets out fines and jail sentences for repeat offences. Buying sex is also an administrative offence. [...]». 
  87. Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos (2007). «Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Luxembourg» (en inglés). «Prostitution is legal and was common, but the activities associated with organized prostitution, such as profiting from, aiding, or trafficking prostitutes are punishable by law.» 
  88. Luxemburgo. «Code Pénal» (en francés). 
  89. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The Criminal Law (Art. 191, year 1996) makes it illegal to encourage prostitution, procure for prostitution and to profit by facilitating prostitution. An administrative public order law makes it illegal to solicit to sell sex in public spaces and to provide space for an act of prostitution. Restaurants, bars and hotels among other places are defined as public so people who operate or own them are liable to prosecution. (art. 19. Law on Misdemeanors Against the Public Order and Peace) Notably, no regulation prohibits renting an apartments to sex workers. There is no law against buying sex but having sex in a public place is illegal. [...]». 
  90. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to live off the earnings of a sex worker or to operate a brothel. Soliciting to sell sex in public places is illegal. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  91. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Almost all sex work related activities are illegal. Section 372 of the Penal Code makes soliciting for prostitution in any place and knowingly living on the earnings of a prostitute illegal. Section 21 of the Sharia Criminal Offences Act provides for fines and whipping to punish 'any woman who prostitutes herself'. Sharia law also forbids buying sex. [...] Buying sex is not illegal expect insofar as it may contravene Sharia law.» 
  92. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Section 146 of the Penal Act makes it illegal to live off the earnings of a sex worker. This has been understood by lower order courts to include her own earning as well as those of another sex worker. It has been used to bring charges against sex workers under 184(c) of the Penal Code provides that a person found in a place in circumstances which lead to the conclusion that such person is there for an illegal purpose, is deemed a rogue and vagabond. In 2016 a high court dismissed charges against sex workers because the arrests were carried out to embarrass and harass Section 146. It said the law does not criminalise sex work but seeks to protect sex workers from those who exploit them. In other words it was clarified that 146 applies to the earnings of others. However there are reports that arrests under the rogue and vagabod law have not stopped entirely as a result of this case. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  93. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «All commercial sex is made illegal by Islamic sharia law that criminalises sex out of marriage. Article 88(a) of the Maldivian Penal Code 1967 makes it an offence to disobey an order issued lawfully within the sharia. Article 88(a) is regarded as a catch-all provision to cover situations involving conduct considered by officials or police to be immoral. Provision 173/ 13 of the rules governs the offence of fornication. The offence prohibits persons from engaging in sexual intercourse with a person to whom marriage is forbidden. [...]». 
  94. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The following sex work related activities are illegal: Detention of a person against his will in a brothel; Living off the earnings of the prostitution of any other person; Public loitering or soliciting for the purposes of prostitution; Keeping or managing a brothel; The use of shops, lodging house, hotel or private apartment for the purpose of prostitution; Letting of house or premises for the purposes of prostitution; Failure to take steps to eject person from premises used for immoral purpose. [...] buying sex is not illegal.» 
  95. Islas Marshall. «Criminal Code» [Código Penal] (pdf) (en inglés). 
  96. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Mexico is a federal system in which each state can interpret, enact and enforce different laws about sex work. In many of the 32 states it is illegal to operate a brothel, procure or solicit. In others, including Mexico City, there are sanctioned red light districts and sex workers must register with municipal health departments and carry a health card to prove they have undergone recent medical examination and are disease free. [...] In 2013 Mexico City won a legal injunction (112/2013) which obliges the government to legally recognize sex work as non-wage labor. Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  97. https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2003/27855.htm
  98. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The 1998 Law on Combating Licentiousness (Prostitution and Pornography) contains 'catch-all' provisions that ban most sex work related activities. This includes selling sex in any place, luring, recruiting or forcing someone into sex work and facilitating sex work by providing space or transportation. Sex workers' incomes can be confiscated and they can be jailed. Anti-trafficking law affects women who consent to sex work who can be detained as trafficking victims. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  99. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Pandering or procuring and operating a brothel. (Section 21 of the Combating of Immoral Practices Act 1980) Soliciting for prostitution in public places is illegal. [...] Buying sex is not illegal». 
  100. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The law on female sex work is contained in the Muluki Ain 1963 which has not been officially translated to English. The act defines and criminalises trafficking but not prostitution. In 2008 the Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act, 2064, Act Number 5 of the Year 2064 (2008) was introduced which criminalises selling sex and living off the earnings of prostitution by including it in the definition of human trafficking. [...] Chapter 14 of the Country Code titled 'Muluki Ain Regarding Rape, Chapter 14' addresses rape. It provides for less punishment where rape victims are prostitutes. Buying sex is not illegal. [...]». 
  101. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Procuring for prostitution; knowingly living on the earnings of the prostitution of others; habitually being in the company of a prostitute or exercising control, and direction over a sex worker; keeping or managing a brothel or being the tenant, lessee, or occupier of a place used for purposes of habitual prostitution are illegal. (Sections 220-225 Criminal Code of Nigeria 1990) [...] Selling sex is made illegal by a law that defines commercial sex as 'carnal knowledge' which is illegal, immoral sex. Carnal knowledge necessarily involves 'complete penetration'. Detaining a woman or girl against her will in a brothel carries a maximum penalty of two year imprisonment for two years and the presence of any woman or girl in a brothel is deemed to be such detention. Section 231 criminalises indecent acts in public places. Anal sex is an 'Offence Against Morality' This makes it illegal for any person to permt a male to have 'carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature (S21.3) [...] Buying sex is not illegal [...]». 
  102. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «The Norwegian General Civil Penal Code makes it illegal: To promote the engagement of other persons in prostitution and to let premises for prostitution or is grossly negligent in this respect; To make a public announcement that offers, arranges or asks for prostitution shall be liable to fines or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months; To procure sexual intercourse or any other sexual act, for himself/herself or for another person, in return for payment or agreement to provide payment; Induce someone to carry out acts that are equivalent to sexual intercourse with himself/herself; To force, threaten or abuse another person’s vulnerability or exploit another person for the purpose of prostitution or other sexual purposes or who induces another person to allow himself or herself to be used for such purposes shall be guilty of human trafficking. If the sexual intercourse or act has been particularly humiliating in its nature, but it is not punishable under any other law, the punishment is imprisonment for a term of up to 1 year. [...]». 
  103. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «In 2003 the Prostitution Reform Act removed previous offenses related to operating brothels and escort agencies and soliciting and replaced them with a mix of regulations and criminal laws aimed at reducing unprotected sex and the involvement of minors, migrants and non-consenting persons. Contracts between sex workers and clients are recognised in civil law and the providers have the right to refuse services. Contested contracts can be referred to the Disputes Tribunal. Advertising is banned with the exception of print media which is restricted. [...] It is an offence for a client and sex worker to have sex without using a barrier to pretect them against HIV and STIs. [...] Brothel operators must be of good character and be registered. [...]». 
  104. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Despite a range of laws against prostitution and brothel keeping, sex work was tolerated in specific areas throughout the Netherlands until 2000 when sex businesses operations were formally legalized by an amendment to the Criminal Code (Article 250) that obliges brothels to be licensed and to comply with rules about safety, sanitation, fiscal accountability and health. The stated aim of the law is to protect and improve the position of sex workers and prevent illegal immigrants from selling sex. Thus employing minors, unwilling workers or those without work permits in the licensed brothels is specifically banned in addition to existing legal provisions making such employment unlawful. [...]». 
  105. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 23 de junio de 2017. «Both buying and selling sex are criminalised by laws forbidding sex outside of marriage and adultery by married people.» 
  106. Palaos. «Crimes». 
  107. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The Summary Offences Act 1977 provides offences for living on the earnings of prostitution; keeping a brothel and letting or permitting premises to be used for the purposes of prostitution. The Criminal Code makes it illegal to keep a place of any kind for purposes of prostitution. In 1975, the PNG Law Reform Commission recommended that the offence of ‘soliciting’ not be included in the new Summary Offences Act. The Commission’s intention was that sex work itself should be decriminalized, while others who profited from sex work should remain criminalized. However a 1978 court decision that interpreted the scope of the offence of ‘living on the earnings of prostitution’ to include sex workers, as well as other persons who profit from employing sex workers. That means that it is an offense to profit from one's own prostitution not only the prostitution of others. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  108. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is an offense to operate a brothel unless it has a license. It is an offense to sell sex without being registered to do so. To register as a sex worker women must be over 18 years of age and free of HIV and STIs. A card is issued to confirm recent attendance for mandatory HIV and STI testing. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  109. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to operate a brothel, to live off the profit from someone else's sex work; to force a person to sell sex ( art. 203 penal Code); to induce a person to sell sex (art.204) and to benefit from the prostitution of another person (art.204) It is not illegal to buy or sell sex. Despite selling sex not being illegal [...]». 
  110. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «In 2001 the government announced that buying and selling sex would not be crimes, but Article 170 of the Penal Code (known as the Lenocínio or Living off Immoral Earnings) makes it illegal to profit, promote, encourage or facilitate the prostitution of another and there are increased penalties when the offence is aggravated by violence, serious threat, deception, fraud or abuse of authority. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  111. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to Operate a brothel. A brothel is defined as a place where more than one women sells sex; Live off the earnings of a prostitute or to control and direct prostitutes; Solicit to sell or buy sex in public places; Cause or incite prostitution for gain and to buy sex from a trafficked person; [...]». 
  112. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to facilitate prostitution or obtaining economic benefits from prostitution. (Article 213 of the Penal Code 2014) Because selling sex was itself a crime in previous versions of the Code the 2014 law reform was characterised as legalisation of sex work. Sex workers can be charged with vagrancy and other public order laws. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  113. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The Code of Administrative Offences prohibits 'engagement in prostitution' (Article 6.1.1) and 'Deriving Income from Engagement in Prostitution, Where This Income Is Connected with Another Person's Engagement in Prostitution' (Article 6.12). The Criminal Code makes it illegal to keep brothels and organise prostitution. (articles 240 and 241) [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  114. Islas Salomón. «Penal Code» [Código Penal]. 
  115. Samoa (2013). «Crimes Act». 
  116. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Public soliciting to sell sex and brothel keeping are illegal but since 1966 it has been legal for individual women over 21 to sell sex if they register with the police and submit to regular medical examinations for STIs and HIV tests. Registered sex workers must carry a card stating that they are disease free which is issued when they attend for STI and HIV testing. [...] Buying sex is not illegal except insofar as it may contravene Sharia law. Selling and brokering commercial sex is criminalised by the Sexual Offences Act which states that any person who who keeps a brothel, or has unlawful carnal intercourse, or commits an act of indecency with any other person for reward, is guilty of an offence (Sections 1 & 20). A 2007 Amendment to the Act criminalises clients. (Section 11) It also makes it an offence to entice the commission of immoral acts andsoliciting or importuning in public (Section 19) and to live on earnings of prostitution or commit or assist in the commission of indecent acts. (Section 20)». 
  117. Seychelles. «Penal Code» [Código Penal] (en inglés). 
  118. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to solicit in public to sell sex, to live on the earnings of a prostitute and to maintain a brothel. [...] It is an offence under the Infectious Disease Act for a person living with HIV to engage in activities that could pass on HIV to another person. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  119. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Living off the earning of a sex worker and operating a brothel are illegal. The definition of a brothel includes displays of photographs of female sex workers who are located at, or supplied from, another place. The Penal Code makes it illegal to procure for sex work. The Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution Act, 2005 also criminalises sex work by defining trafficking to include consenting as well as co-erced sex work. It is illegal to solicit in or near a public place for the commission of illicit sexual intercourse or indecency. (S 263) If the offender is a female, the Court can send her to a detention home instead of a prison. The Vagrants Ordinance also creates offences for sex workers who are found 'wandering in the public street or highway, or in any place of public resort, and behaving in a riotous or indecent manner'. [...]». 
  120. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Selling sex is made illegal by several national laws and some municipal regulations. The 1957 Sexual Offences Act makes indecency and 'carnal intercourse' illegal.Any person who resides, manages or assists in the management of any brothel; receives any share of any moneys taken in a brothel; is a tenant, occupier or owner of premises and 'any person found in a brothel who refuses to disclose the name and identity of the keeper or manager thereof' Unless formally separated the spouse of any of those people is also guilty of brothel keeping; Procuring for prostitution is an offense whether or not it involves co-ercion. Buying sex was made illegal by a 2007 ammendment to the Sexual Offences Act. A 1967 amendment to the Act makes it a crime to assist a person to communicate with another person for the purpose of sex for reward. This law is aimed at escort agencies. [...]». 
  121. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Buying, selling and brokering sex are criminalised by the Sudanese Penal Code Under Article 154 of the Code whoever is found in a house of prostitution in a way that shows he may practise sexual acts or live off the earnings of prostitution is guilty of a crime. [...]». 
  122. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Brothel keeping, procuring, living off immoral earnings and purchasing sex from a woman are illegal in the Swedish Penal Code. Section 11, introduced in 1999 has gained much attention for criminalising clients consistent with the Swedish government view that demand for women's sexual services is an unacceptable expression of male dominance to which women cannot legally consent. [...]». 
  123. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Sex work is recognised as an ordinary form of economic activity. Sex workers and business operatora are subject to taxation and regulations in respect of social security contributions. Where prostitution is addressed in the criminal law it is confined to situations in which there is coercion or child sexual exploitation. [...] Buying sex is not illegal. [...]». 
  124. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The Prostitution Prevention and Suppression Act of 1996 Sections 5 & 6 make it illegal to manage or sell sex in a 'prostitution establishment'. 'Openly and shamelessly' offering sexual services in public places is illegal. Sex workers may be fined or jailed and it is illegal to associate with another person in a prostitution establishment for the benefit of the prostitution of that person. Advertising oneself, or another person, as a sex worker is illegal (S 7) [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  125. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Soliciting to sell sex in a public place is a misdemeanor crime. Brothel keeping and procuring are illegal. [...] Buying sex is not illegal». 
  126. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Prostitution is defined as sexual exploitation, even where there is consent. Article 174 of the Penal Code 2009 makes it illegal derive profit or any person who makes a livelihood from, promotes, facilitates, or by any other means, contributes toward engaging another person in prostitution or other sexual acts, Heavier penalties apply where the exploitation constitutes trafficking which is defined as occurring where there is abandonment or economic necessity of the victim; violence, serious threats or coercion or displacement of the victim. Article 163 eliminates the distinction between consenting sex work and trafficking. It deems that 'Consent of the victim to trafficking is irrelevant if use of threats, force or other forms of coercion, kidnapping, fraud, trickery, abuse of power or situation of vulnerability, or delivery or acceptance of payments or benefits, were employed to obtain consent. [...]». 
  127. Tonga. «Criminal Offences» (en inglés). 
  128. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The 1956 Sexual Offences Act criminalises brothel keeping, procuring and public soliciting for sex. It is illegal for men to live off the earnings of prostitution and for women to exercise control, direction or influence over a sex worker's movements in a way which shows she is aiding, abetting or compelling her pro. Section 17 of the Act prohibits procurement of a person for the purpose of sexual intercourse with another person, and procuring a person to become an inmate of a brothel or to frequent a brothel. Section 22 makes it an offense to keep, or manage or acts to assist in the management of a brothel or to be a tenant, occupier or landlord of premises used as a brothel or for the purposes of prostitution. Section 23 makes it illegal to solicit for immoral purposes in any place. It is not illegal to buy sex. [...]». 
  129. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Sex work is regulated Article 231 of the Tunisian Penal Code 1942 law which identifies obligations of sex workers and brothel managers in resect of medical administration. To register as a sex worker a woman must be over 18, unmarried and certified to be mentally capable and negative to 'infectious or septic' diseases. Registered sex workers are allowed to work in their private residences or tolerated brothels. [...] It is not illegal to buy sex except insofar as it may contravene Sharia law.» 
  130. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Sex work is regulated by article 227 of the Turkish Penal Code (Law No. 5237); Annexed Article 13 of the Social Security Law and regulated by Articles 128 and 129 of the Public Health Law and General Regulations regarding Brothels and Prostitution and the Fight Against Venereal Disease) No: 30/03/1961. These provisions entitle women to register as sex workers and allow brothels and strip clubs to be licensed and registered. 'Promoting prostitution' is a catch all provision that makes all sex work related activities outside of registered brothels, including selling sex, illegal. Non registered sex workers can be arrested and forcibly registered and delivered to a registered brothel. [...] Co-ercion of women into sex work is criminalised by Articles 435 and 436 of the Turkish Penal Code. [...] Buying sex is not illegal.» 
  131. Tuvalu (1978). «Penal Code» (en inglés). 
  132. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The Criminal code makes it illegal to create or maintain a brothel, to live off the prostitution of another and to pander (Art. 302) Coercion into prostitution is also illegal (Art. 303) The Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses makes selling sex an offense that can be punished by a warning or a fine. It is not illegal to buy sex. [...]». 
  133. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The Penal Code Act of Uganda criminalises knowingly living wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution; keeping a house or room for purposes of prostitution. Soliciting for 'immoral purposes' is illegal in any place. Soliciting to sell sex or repeatedly or habitually using a place for prostitution is illegal. Because the prostitution offenses carry penalties of up to seven years in prison they are cumbersome and expensive to prosecute so sex workers are more likely to be charged under an 'Idle and Disorderly' law that prohibits any person being a prostitute behaving in a disorderly or indecent manner in any public place...' (Section 167) [...] It is not illegal to buy sex. [...]». 
  134. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «Uruguay's 2002 Sex Work Law (Law no. 1 7,515) explicitly states that sex work is legal and specifies the conditions in which it can take place. [...] Brothels and commercial sex bars are premitted so long as they obtain a license, comply with the social security rules and so not employ people under 18 in any capacity. Gambling and 'all kinds of noisy fun' (diversión ruidosa) are prohibited in brothels and bars must have permission of local police. Both sex workers and people who operate venues are liable to fines for infractions of the rules in this law. In 1995, the social security institute Banco de Prevision Social (BPS) recognised sex work by women. In December 2009 a law passed that extended rights to men and transwomen who sell sex. It is not illegal to buy sex.» 
  135. Vanuatu (2006). «Penal Code» [Código Penal] (en inglés). «101. Prostitution No person shall procure, aid or facilitate the prostitution of another person or share in the proceeds of such prostitution whether habitual or otherwise, or be subsidised by any person engaging in prostitution. 148. Idle and disorderly No person shall – (a) behave in a disorderly or indecent manner in any public place for the purpose of prostitution;». 
  136. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is not illegal to sell or buy sex. Operating a brothel is permitted so long as the women working in it are over 18 years old and undergo regular health checks. It is illegal to ‘induce, facilitate, or promote prostitution or ‘corruption of another person to satisfy the passions of others’». 
  137. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «The Ordinance on Prostitution Prevention and Control 2003 'strictly prohibits': buying and selling sex; harboring prostitution; organizing prostitution activities; forcing prostitution; brokering prostitution; protecting prostitution; abusing the service business for prostitution activities and other acts related to prostitution activities as prescribed by law.» 
  138. «Sex Work Law» (en inglés). Consultado el 24 de junio de 2017. «It is illegal to solicit to sell sex in public places. It is illegal to procure a woman for prostitution, to keep a brothel and to living off immoral earnings. [...] Buying sex is not illegal. [...]». 

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