Shaktipat

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Shaktipat or Śaktipāta (Sanskrit, del shakti - " energia psiquica" - y pāta, "caer")es una palabra en Sánscrito y significa "Toque de Energía". Se refiere en el Hinduismo a una forma de iniciación espiritual, mediante la cuál, según sus practicantes, la Energía Espiritual o kundalinī es despertada del Chakra Muladara, se transmite de una persona a otra con una palabra sagrada a o mantra, o por una mirada, pensamiento o toque, usualmente en el tercer ojo o ajna chakra del que recibe. El Shaktipat es considerado un acto de gracia de parte del Guru o divino. La misma conciencia del dios o guru entra al ser del discipulo, constituyendo una iniciacion a la escuela de la familia espiritual (Kula) del guru. Uno de los más populares exponenentes de esta técnica fue Bhagaván Nityananda y sus sucesores: Swami Muktananda , Swami Chidvilasananda (Gurumayi) y Mahamandaleshwar Swami Nityananda

Niveles de Intensidad[editar]

Niveles[editar]

En el Shivaísmo de Cachemira, dependiendo de su intensidad, el Śaktipāt puede ser clasificado como:

  • tīvra-tīvra-śaktipāta - la tal llamada "Gracia Super Suprema" - produce una identidad inmediata con Śhiva y una liberacion; aquella persona continua hasta volverse un maestro siddha y otorga la gracia de su morada (Siddhaloka), directly into the heart of deserving aspirants[1]
  • tīvra-madhya-śaktipāta - "Supreme Medium Grace" - such a being becomes spiritually illuminated and liberated on his own, relying directly on Śiva, not needing initiation or instruction from other exterior guru. This is facilitated by an intense awakening of his spiritual intuition (pratibhā) which immediately eliminates ignorance[1]
  • tīvra-manda-śaktipāta - "Supreme Inferior Grace" - the person who received this grace strongly desires to find an appropriate guru, but he does not need instruction, but a simple touch, a look or simply being in the presence of his master is enough to trigger in him to the state of illumination[1]
  • madhya-tīvra-śaktipāta - "Medium Supreme Grace" - a disciple who receives this grace desires to have the instruction and initiation of a perfect guru; in time he becomes enlightened. However, he is not totally absorbed into this state during his lifetime and receives a permanent state of fusion with Śiva after the end of his life[2]
  • madhya-madhya-śaktipāta - "Medium Middle Grace" - such a disciple will receive initiation from his guru and have an intense desire to attain liberation, but at the same time he still has desire for various enjoyments and pleasure; after the end of his life, he continues to a paradise where he fulfills all his desires and after that he receives again initiation from his master and realizes permanent union with Śiva[3]
  • madhya-manda-śaktipāta - "Medium Inferior Grace" - is similar to "Medium Middle Grace" except that in this case the aspirant desires worldly pleasures more than union with Śiva; he needs to be reincarnated again as a spiritual seeker to attain liberation[3]
  • manda - "Inferior Grace" - for those who receive this level of grace, the aspiration to be united with Śiva is present only in times of distress and suffering; the grace of Śiva needs to work in them for many lifetimes before spiritual liberation occurs[4]
    • a b c Kashmir Shaivism, The Secret Supreme, Lakshman Joo, Page 66
    • Kashmir Shaivism, The Secret Supreme, Lakshman Joo, Page 67
    • a b Kashmir Shaivism, The Secret Supreme, Lakshman Joo, Page 68
    • Kashmir Shaivism, The Secret Supreme, Lakshman Jee, Page 69