Richard Schorr

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Richard Schorr

Richard Reinhard Emil Schorr (20 de agosto de 1867, Kassel - 21 de septiembre de 1951, Bad Gastein, Salzburgo), fue un astrónomo alemán. El cráter lunar Schorr y el asteroide Schorria están nombrados en su honor.

Desde 1889 a 1891, Schorr trabajó como un editor asistente de Astronomische Nachrichten, en el observatorio de Kiel.[1] En 1892 Schorr se convirtió en observador en el Hamburger Sternwarte, donde tras la muerte de George Rümker terminó siendo su director.

Los principales intereses de Schorr fueron las posiciones (astrometría) y movimiento propio de las estrellas y las observaciones de los eclipses solares. Schorr inició varios proyectos de catalogación (el más popular es el AGK2). Desde 1905 a 1928 Schorr organizó 8 grandes expediciones para observar eclipses solares en diferentes partes del mundo, formado parte, el mismo, de siete de ellas.

The observations for the AGK2 took place between 1913 and 1920. Several astronomers at Hamburg observatory took more than 1700 photographic plates. After measuring the plates Schorr and the Danish astronomer Holger Thiele used them too for searching and position determination of comets and asteroids. They discovered 30 new asteroids and one new comet, D/1918 W1 (Schorr), during this time.

Under Schorr's directorship the optician Bernhard Schmidt got rooms and time to experiment with new optical assemblies. Schmidt constructed several new telescope constructions for the observatory. In 1930 Schmidt invented the Schmidt camera, a telescope with a very wide field of view and free from image elongations in the plate edges far from the optical axis. Schorr urged Schmidt to build the first Schmidt Camera at Bergedorf observatory.

In the Nazi time Schorr had to resign the directorship due to his age. His first choice candidate as his follower was Walter Baade who refused because of better astronomical working conditions at Mt. Wilson and Palomar observatory which was under construction. Despite to the wishes of Nazi organisations Schorr could call Otto Heckmann as his follower in 1941.

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