Orden del Sol Naciente

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Saltar a: navegación, búsqueda
Orden del Sol Naciente
旭日章
SunIII.jpg
Otorgada por el emperador de Japón
Tipo Orden
Grados 1º a 8ª clase
Otorgada por Servicio civil o militar de largo y/o especialmente meritorio
Gran Maestre Su Majestad Imperial el Emperador
Estado Se entrega actualmente
Estadísticas
Establecida 10 de abril de 1875
JPN Kyokujitsu-sho blank BAR.svg

La Orden del Sol Naciente (旭日 Kyokujitsu-shō ? ) es una orden japonesa, establecida en 1875 por el emperador Meiji de Japón. La Orden fue la primera condecoración nacional otorgado por el Gobierno del Japón, creado el 10 de abril de 1875 por decreto del Consejo de Estado. La insignia tiene rayos de luz del sol de la salida del sol. El diseño del sol naciente simboliza la energía tan poderosa como el sol naciente en paralelo con el concepto del sol naciente en Japón (Tierra del Sol Naciente). Marina de los EE.UU. almirante Dennis C. Blair se presenta el escudo y la cinta de la Orden del Sol Naciente. (2005)

La orden se concede a aquellos que han alcanzado logros destacados en las relaciones internacionales, la promoción de la cultura japonesa, los avances en su campo, el desarrollo del bienestar social/ocupacional o la preservación del medio ambiente. Es comparable a la orden de Bath. A partir de 2003 la clasificación más alta condecoración de la Orden del Sol Naciente se convirtió en una orden separada conocida como Gran Cordón de la Orden de las Flores de Paulownia.

La versión moderna de este honor ha sido conferido a los destinatarios no japoneses a partir de 1981 (a pesar de que varios extranjeros tenían el honor antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial), y las mujeres recibieron la orden de partida en 2003 (anteriormente, las mujeres recibían la Orden de la Preciosa Corona ). La concesión de la Orden es administrado por la Oficina de Decoración Oficina del Primer Ministro. Se otorga en nombre del emperador y puede ser concedida a título póstumo.

Puede concederse a los japoneses como a los ciudadanos no japoneses.

Clases[editar]

The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003, when the Grand Cordon with Paulownia Flowers was made a separate order, and the lowest two classes were abolished. Since then, it has been awarded in seven classes. Conventionally, a diploma is prepared to accompany the insignia of the order, and in some rare instances, the personal signature of the emperor will have been added. As an illustration of the wording of the text, a translation of a representative 1929 diploma says:

By the grace of Heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the throne occupied by the same dynasty from time immemorial,

We confer the Second Class of the Imperial Order of Meiji upon Henry Waters Taft, a citizen of the United States of America and a director of the Japan Society of New York, and invest him with the insignia of the same class of the Order of the Double Rays of the Rising Sun, in expression of the good will which we entertain towards him.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hand and caused the Grand Seal of the Empire to be affixed at the Imperial Palace, Tokio, this thirteenth day of the fifth month of the fourth year of Shōwa, corresponding to the 2,589th year from the accession to the throne of Emperor Jimmu."[1]

The star for the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon is the same as the badge, but without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest.

The star for the First and Second Classes is an eight-pointed silver badge, bearing a central emblem identical to the 4th Class badge without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest for the 1st Class, on the right chest for the 2nd Class.

The badge for the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon is a gilt cross with white enameled rays, bearing a central emblem of a red enameled sun disc surrounded by red rays, and with three paulownia blossoms between each arm of the cross. It is suspended from three enameled paulownia leaves on a sash in red with white border stripes, and is worn on the right shoulder.

The badge for the First to Sixth Classes is an eight-pointed badge, in gilt (1st-4th Classes), gilt and silver (5th Class), or silver (6th Class), with white enamelled rays, bearing a central red enamelled sun disc. It is suspended from three enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum as the Decoration Bureau page claims) on a ribbon in white with red border stripes, worn as a sash on the right shoulder for the 1st Class, as a necklet for the 2nd and 3rd Classes, on the left chest for the 4th to 6th Classes (with a rosette for the 4th Class).

The badge for the Seventh and Eighth Classes consisted of a silver medal in the shape of three paulownia leaves, enamelled for the 7th Class and plain for the 8th Class. Both were suspended on a ribbon, again in white with red border stripes, and worn on the left chest. Both classes of the order were abolished in 2003.

Selected recipients[editar]

Plantilla:Dynamic list

ribbon bar 1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon[editar]

In 2003, this highest grade of the Order was elevated, becoming the Order of the Paulownia Flowers. This high honor was conferred on the following people prior to 2003:

ribbon bar 1ª Clase, Gran Cordón[editar]

ribbon bar 2ª Clase, Estrella de Oro y Plata[editar]

ribbon bar 3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon[editar]

ribbon bar 4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette[editar]

ribbon bar 5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays[editar]

  • Cy Hisao Saimoto (1928–2010), awarded 2010
  • Pascal Krieger, awarded in 2008
  • Major Philip Malins MBE MC, awarded in 2010 [5]
  • Frances Hashimoto, awarded in 2012[151]
  • Yoshiyuki Bill Watanabe, awarded in 2012

ribbon bar 6th Class, Silver Rays[editar]

ribbon bar 7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal[editar]

In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.

ribbon bar 8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal[editar]

In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.

ribbon bar Class unknown[editar]

Notes[editar]

  1. a b Honor awarded 1929 -- "Japanese Emperor Honors H.W. Taft; Consul-General Gives Insignia for Fostering International Friendship. Diploma Also Presented; Brother of Chief Justice Receives Order of Rising Sun at Exercises Here," New York Times, June 28, 1929.
  2. Honor conferred 1963 -- Konrad Adenauer Stiftung: Biographie, Orden und Ehrenzeichen; Kyokujitsu-sho, Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne, 1. Klasse, Großkreuz (22 März 1960); Kyokujitsu Tokwa Daiju-sho (Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne mit Paulownia-Blüten ((2 Dezember 1963). (en alemán)
  3. «New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources». Nh.gov. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  4. a b c d e f g h Honor conferred 1917 -- London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30363, p. 11322, 30 October 1917. Consultado el 2008-02-01. Por favor, reemplaza esta plantilla por {{Cita publicación}}.
  5. Trilateral Commission: Foley, bio notes
  6. «Japan America Society of Greater Philadelphia - Ben Franklin's Descendants in Japan». Jasgp.org. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  7. Department of the Army, Headquarters: General Orders, No. 13. April 6, 1964.
  8. «No. 77, ''Nousevan Auringon Ritarikunnan I luokka Paulovniakukkasin, Japani'' (Finnish)». Mannerheim.fi. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  9. Honor conferred 1990 -- Campi, Alicia. "The Role of Mike Mansfield in Consolidating Mongolia's International Status and in Establishing Diplomatic Relations with the United States," The Mansfield Foundation. May 17, 2007.
  10. "Nogi, Maresuke ([Kiten)", Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.), Vol. XXX, p. 1139.
  11. Sleeman, Elizabeth. (2003). The International Who's Who 2004, p. 1547.
  12. a b London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32201, p. 572, 18 January 1921. Consultado el 2008-09-02. Por favor, reemplaza esta plantilla por {{Cita publicación}}.
  13. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): 2007 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 1.
  14. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32428, p. 6569, 19 August 1921. Consultado el 2007-11-16. Por favor, reemplaza esta plantilla por {{Cita publicación}}.
  15. Rutledge, Martha. (1979). "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849 - 1920)," Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, pp 194–200; Scaramouche. "Sir Edmund Barton"
  16. Nagashima-Hayashi, Michiko. "Former UNICEF Executive Director receives humanitarian award in Japan," UNICEF web site (2006)]
  17. British Library. "Handlist of Japanese Manuscripts Acquired Since 1984," 'Or. 14819 Certificate conferring Order of the Rising Sun on Admiral von Bendemann,' p. 3.
  18. First Hawaiian Bank Annual Report, page 15 "Bishop is later awarded the Grand Cordon of the Imperial First Order of the Rising Sun by Japanese Emperor Meiji" [1]
  19. FIFA: Honors, Sepp Blatter.
  20. a b c d e f g h i «2009 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals». Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Consultado el 4 de marzo de 2012.
  21. a b Japan TodayUso incorrecto de la plantilla enlace roto (enlace roto disponible en Internet Archive; véase el historial y la última versión).
  22. US Naval Historical Center: Biographies in Naval History, Arleigh Burke
  23. «Army chief of staff receives 'Order of the Rising Sun' decoration during Japan visit | Article | The United States Army». Army.mil. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  24. «In Brief», The Nation, http://www.nationmultimedia.com/home/IN-BRIEF-98069.html, consultado el 25 February 2012 
  25. Former Administrator, UNDP: 2009 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 1.
  26. Error en la cita: Etiqueta <ref> inválida; no se ha definido el contenido de las referencias llamadas emb-japan1
  27. [2]Uso incorrecto de la plantilla enlace roto (enlace roto disponible en Internet Archive; véase el historial y la última versión).
  28. Kirkup, James. "Obituary: Masaru Ibuka," Independent (London). December 22, 1997.
  29. Daniel Inouye, Senate: Awards
  30. «Japan to confer award on former DPM Jayakumar». ChannelNewsAsia. Consultado el 29 de abril de 2012.
  31. Mauritius Consulate, Malta: Anerood Jugnauth
  32. "The Marquess Komura; A Notable Career," The Times (London). November 25, 1911.
  33. «Embassy of Japan in India: Press Releases from the Embassy». In.emb-japan.go.jp. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  34. Lee Kuan Yew BioUso incorrecto de la plantilla enlace roto (enlace roto disponible en Internet Archive; véase el historial y la última versión).
  35. Honor awarded December 6, 1964 -- LeMay, Curtis E. (1965). Mission with LeMay: My story, p, 466.
  36. Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Japan: Wangari Maathai, 2009.
  37. C. J. Lloyd. «McEwen, Sir John (1900–1980)». Adb.online.anu.edu.au. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  38. Honor awarded 1973 -- National Archives of Australia
  39. Garamone, Jim. "Pace Receives Japanese Emperor’s Rising Sun Award", American Forces Press Service. August 18, 2007.
  40. Stamford alumni: William Perry bio; "4,632 people win awards for contributing to Japan," Japan Times, November 3, 2002.
  41. Pridi Banomyong, Ma Vie Mouvementee Et Mes 21 Ans D'Xil En Chine Populaire, Paris, 1972
  42. «Biographies : GENERAL EDWARD A. RICE JR». Af.mil. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  43. Kurita, Shunjiro. (1930). Who's Who in Japan, Vol. 13, p. 40; Cambridge University Alumni 1261-1900
  44. Honor awarded 1908 -- Ibaraki Prefecture e-newsletter
  45. S Ramesh. "Goh Chok Tong to receive award from Japanese emperor". channelnewsasia.com. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  46. MCADCafé: "Dr. Shoichiro Toyoda To Receive SAE Foundation's 2005 Manufacturing Leadership Award," PR Newswire. March 15, 2005.
  47. a b c NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun
  48. «Professor Jagdish N. Bhagwati». Columbia.edu (06-07-2010). Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  49. Woods, Allan (21-06-2011). «Ex-Liberal MP gets his day in the sun». thestar.com (Toronto). Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011. 
  50. Official US Army Register, published by US Army Adjutant General, 1962, page 53.
  51. "2,500 Bid Farewell to Booth", Pacific Stars and Stripes, February 9, 1961.
  52. «Meiji University». Meiji.ac.jp. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  53. The Laurel Historical Society. «Horace Capron at 200: A Laurel Founder's Life» págs. 1279–1291. Archivado desde el original el 2006-11-12. Consultado el 25-04-2007.
  54. «William Douglas Crowder». Navy.mil. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  55. "Periscope," Newsweek. December 20, 2004.
  56. Tank Museum: Medal Recipients - Order of the Rising Sun, Second Class; Japan: "Elles, Sir Hugh Jamieson."
  57. «2000 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals». Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Consultado el 4 de marzo de 2012.
  58. Honor awarded 1908 -- Crossroads: A Journal of Nagasaki History and Culture
  59. «Professor Donald Keene». The Donald Keene Center of Japanese Culture at Columbia University. Columbia University. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011.
  60. «I-House Life». International House News and Information. University of Chicago. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011.
  61. «"2009 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 2.» (PDF). Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  62. Monday, May 08, 1939 (08-05-1939). «Business: Japanese Strip». Time.com. Consultado el 05-11-2011. 
  63. «Tsung-Dao Lee's Home Page». Tdlee.ccast.ac.cn. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  64. Honor awarded in July 1874 -- Charles LeGendre
  65. Honor awarded posthumously 1928 -- "Mikado Honors Dr. Noguchi, New York Times. June 2, 1928.
  66. «George R. Packard Faculty Page».
  67. Pinedo, Danielle. "Oer-Hollands; In Japan is Johannis de Rijke nog altijd een beroemdheid," NRC Handelsblad. January 13, 2000.
  68. «Russians Awarded Order of the Rising Sun in Japan». Russkiymir.ru. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  69. Honor awarded 1907 -- Adler, Cyrus (1921). p. 14; Sakamoto, Pamela Rotner. (1998). Japanese Diplomats and Jewish Refugees, p. 17.
  70. Day, Peter. "British aviation pioneer was a spy for Japan," Telegraph (London). February 1, 2002.
  71. Phillips, Pearson. The Highland peer who prepared Japan for war The Sunday Telegraph, 6 Jan 2002
  72. «Guide to the Wendell M. Stanley papers, 1926-1972». Content.cdlib.org. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  73. Honor awarded 2003 -- Consulate-General of Japan in New York: "Government Of Japan To Honor Professor Michael Ira Sovern."
  74. «Patent of Decoration». Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  75. a b «Embassy of Japan in Canada - Media Advisory: Government of Japan to Bestow Honour on Three Canadians». Ca.emb-japan.go.jp (17-06-2011). Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  76. Honor awarded 2007 -- Embassy of Japan in Singapore: "Conferment Ceremony for Mr. Philip Yeo, Chairman of SPRING Singapore."
  77. 2011 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals [www.mofa.go.jp/announce/info/.../pdfs/2011_au.pdf]
  78. Honor awarded 2011 -- Embassy of Japan in Finland
  79. a b «Taiwanese entrepreneurs to be decorated in Japan». The Central News Agency (29 de abril de 2012).
  80. Kedutaan Besar Jepang di Indonesia < 在インドネシア日本国大使館 > : http://www.id.emb-japan.go.jp/news12_08.html#1
  81. Embassy of Japan in the United States of America: Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon upon Dr. Stephen Ira Katz, Director of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
  82. «2011 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals». Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Consultado el 19-09-2011.
  83. Harvard Gazette: Japanese government honors Professor Edwin A. Cranston. 14 May 2009.
  84. Peter Dysdale bio notes: 4th I-House Academy: "Japan and China: Toward Asia- Pacific Cooperation," International House of Japan. May 22, 2007.
  85. "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Japan Today. April 29, 2008.
  86. «Recipients of Fall 2011 Decorations». Consulate-General of Japan in Los Angeles. Consultado el 27-11-2011.
  87. "California Ethnomusicologist Dr. Robert Garfias to Receive Japan’s Order of the Rising Sun Award," Alliance for California Traditional Arts (ACTA) Archives.
  88. Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed; "Carol Gluck Receives Top Honors from the Japanese Government," Columbia News, October 6, 2006.
  89. a b Honor awarded in 1926 -- Adam Mathew web.
  90. «former Commissioner of the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency and Advisor to the SieboldHuis». Nl.emb-japan.go.jp. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  91. «Japanese Order for Missionary» (PDF). New York Times. 15 de marzo de 1905. p. 13. Consultado el 25-07-2009. 
  92. Program on Lord Sempill and Japanese espionage, BBC 24 may 2012
  93. Honor awarded 1906 -- Perry, Warren. (1983). "Hoad, Sir John Charles (1856 - 1911)" in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9.
  94. NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun; Kosho Kempo, Kano Jigoro
  95. Perera, Suharshi. "Woman: An icon in the literary world," Daily News (Sri Lanka). August 9, 2007.
  96. "American Honored by the Japanese," The New York Times. October 22, 1899.
  97. "Pax Britannica (3rd Class)", Time, May 16, 1932.
  98. «Norman Macrae». telegraph.co.uk (London: The Telegraph). 22-06-2010. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011. 
  99. Honor awarded 1998 -- "McClellan Named Sterling Professor of Japanese," Yale Office of Public Affairs. February 3, 1999.
  100. L.K. Herbert-Gustar and P.A. Nott published a biography of Milne John Milne, Father of Modern Seismology in 1980 pp 120 ISBN 0-904404-34-X
  101. Paul Kabrna "John Milne - the Man who Mapped the Shaking Earth" ISBN 978-0-9555289-0-3 Published by Craven & Pendle Geological Society in March 2007.pp68
  102. Quiñones, Eric. "Earl Miner, Specialist in English and Japanese Literature, dies at age 77" Princetonian Weekly Bulletin. May 5, 2004; Europa Publications. (2003). International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 2004, p. 388.
  103. "The Government of Japan honors former Honorary Consul-General of Japan in Nashville", Consulate-General of Japan at Nashville website. June 4, 2008.
  104. Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," Japan Times. September 18, 2004.
  105. Taiichi Ohno's Workplace Management, Jon Miller (trans.), Gemba Press 2007, p. xii
  106. Embassy of Japan in Italy
  107. Consulate General of Japan, Boston.Uso incorrecto de la plantilla enlace roto (enlace roto disponible en Internet Archive; véase el historial y la última versión).
  108. [3]Uso incorrecto de la plantilla enlace roto (enlace roto disponible en Internet Archive; véase el historial y la última versión).
  109. «2008 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals». Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Consultado el 4 de marzo de 2012.
  110. "The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon" to Professor Jacob Raz, Embassy of Japan in Israel website.
  111. Embassy of Japan in the U.K.: Japanese Government honors Lord David Sydney Rowe-Beddoe," December 18, 2008.
  112. «Rustum Roy, vita for health groups». Rustumroy.com. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  113. «University of Hawaiʻi Presents Honorary Degree to Edward George Seidensticker». http://www.uhm.hawaii.edu/news/. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Consultado el 12 de octubre de 2011.
  114. «Consulate General of Japan, Los Angeles». La.us.emb-japan.go.jp. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  115. Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs: "2008 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 4.
  116. Biography of T. Wayland Vaughan
  117. Embassy of Japan in Belgium: Decoration Awarding Ceremony of Prof. Dr. W.F. Vande Walle
  118. Embassy of Ireland in Japan: Irish Pianist decorated by the Government of Japan
  119. «Toshiko Akiyoshi». Berkeley Agency. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  120. «Библиотека изображений "РИА Новости" :: Галерея». Visualrian.com. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  121. "Martha Argerich - IMG Artists"
  122. Honor awarded 1909 -- "Receives Guests Attired in Kimono," The San Francisco Call. November 29, 1909. p. 22.
  123. «UMass Presidents William Penn Brooks». Massachusetts.edu. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  124. "Recent Awards," Florida International University, Asian Studies. April 29, 2007.
  125. Consulate General of Japan in New York, "Government of Japan to Honor Dr. Asao Hirano," 2001.
  126. «Alumni William (Miller Kisselman) Imbrie, D.D.». The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 23 (2):  p. 572. 1929. 
  127. «Consulate General of Japan in New York's Office». Ny.us.emb-japan.go.jp. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  128. «Puppet animation producer dies». The Japan Times Online. The Japan Times (28 de agosto de 2010). Consultado el 29 de agosto de 2010.
  129. Honor awarded 1984 -- Bergan, Ronald. "A satirical eye on Japan: Keisuke Kinoshita, film director; born December 5, 1912; died December 30, 1998," The Guardian (Manchester). January 5, 1999.
  130. Lasorda honored by Japan, MLB.com, December 3, 2008
  131. «Leiji Matsumoto, Shigeru Mizuki Earn Government Honors - News». Anime News Network (01-11-2011). Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  132. «Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette upon Mr. Shiro Floyd Mori, National Executive Director Emeritus and former National President of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)». Embassy of Japan to the United States (6 de noviembre de 2012). Consultado el 7 de noviembre de 2012.
  133. «Maestro Kent Nagano Awarded Order of the Rising Sun». Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco (07-12-2008).
  134. Honor awarded 1915 -- Kita, Atsushi. (2005). Dr. Noguchi's Journey: A Life of Medical Search and Discovery, p. 196.
  135. Honor awarded 1999 -- Whiting, David. "Obituary: Tatsuzo Shimaoka; Japanese potter steeped in folk traditions who became a cultural ambassador," The Guardian (Manchester). January 17, 2008.
  136. Anime News Network: "Frederik L. Schodt Wins The Order of the Rising Sun Award," April 29, 2009.
  137. Yoshimura, Toshio. (1981). George Shima, Potato King and Lover of Chinese Classics, p. 53.
  138. British Museum
  139. «George Takei, bio notes». Georgetakei.com. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  140. Honor awarded 1942 -- Tsuji, Masanobu. (1997). Japan's Greatest Victory, Britain's Worst Defeat, p. 108.
  141. Honor conferred 1964 -- North Austin Tae Kwan Do: "Chronology of the Life of Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of Aikido."
  142. Honor awarded 1996 -- Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
  143. [4]
  144. Sadao Watanabe official website: biography
  145. «British Judo Association». Britishjudo.org.uk. Consultado el 05-11-2011.
  146. «President and founder, Japan-America Society of New Hampshire and founder, Portsmouth Peace Treaty Forum».
  147. Cordileone, Elvira. "Kenzo Mori: An impact on two shores," The Star (Toronto). January 22, 2007.
  148. Unpaginated editors' chronology appended to Kiyoshi Nishiyama, Shunkō shūshoku (Plantilla:Nihongo2) / Seasonal Aspects of Japan (Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1979) (en japonés)(en inglés).
  149. Honor awarded 1983 -- "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). March 30, 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). April 8, 2005.
  150. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan): 2010 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 8.
  151. Endo, Ellen (05-11-2012). «Mikwaya CEO Hashimoto Passes at 69». Rafu Shimpo. Consultado el 02-12-2012. 
  152. Honor awarded on 1971 -- Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays., Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971"
  153. Ohio University Libraries. «Scholars and Librarians in East Asian Studies (North America) - William Theodore de Bary». Consultado el 21 de abril de 2011.
  154. Honor awarded in 1906 -- "Cruiser 'Livia' in Kobe to Greet Italians," Osaka Mainichi. July 28, 1922.
  155. Craig, Albert M. (2010). The heritage of Japanese Civilization. Boston: Prentice Hall. pp. Author Bio. ISBN 0-13-600524-1. 
  156. "Uncle Bob", Time, September 10, 1945.
  157. «A. John Ellis». Simon Fraser University.
  158. Arlington National Cemetery: Granville Roland Foretscue
  159. Cynthia Peters (4 de abril de 2006). «Frank B. Gibney, 81, One of the Nation's Preeminent Experts on Asia and President of the Pacific Basin Institute at Pomona College, Has Died - Pomona College». Consultado el 21 de abril de 2011.
  160. Honor awarded 1891 -- Penicuik Community Development Trust (UK): Cargill Gilston Knott
  161. Macrae, Norman. (2000). John von Neumann: the Scientific Genius who Pioneered the Modern Computer, p. 406.
  162. Honor awarded 1918 -- RAF web page
  163. Honor awarded 1994 -- Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed
  164. «Japan's emperor honors uw professor for his work». Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Seattle). 1999. pp. B2.  Parámetro desconocido |publication-fecha= ignorado (ayuda)
  165. Honor awarded 1874 -- "A Victory for the Chinese; Japanese Driven with Heavy Loss from Ping-yang," New York Times, August 22, 1894.
  166. Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). ''The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio: The Struggle for Constitutional Government in Japan, p. 393.

Referencias[editar]

  • Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. ISBN 1-890974-09-9

Enlaces externos[editar]