Discovery Institute

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El Discovery Institute (traducido al español, «Instituto Descubrimiento») es una organización sin fines de lucro con sede en Seattle, Washington, que se ha dado a conocer por su labor de promoción del diseño inteligente. Fundada en 1990, el Instituto describe su propósito de promover «ideas en la tradición de sentido común de un gobierno representativo, el libre mercado y la libertad individual».[1] Su campaña «Teach the Controversy» (en español, «Enseña la controversia») tiene como objetivo enseñar creencias creacionistas y anti-evolución en los cursos de ciencias en la escuelas públicas de los Estados Unidos junto con las teorías científicas aceptadas, planteando que existe una controversia científica sobre estos temas.[2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Un tribunal federal, junto con la mayoría de las organizaciones científicas, como la Asociación Americana para el Avance de la Ciencia, dicen que el Instituto ha fabricado la polémica mediante la promoción de una falsa percepción de que la evolución es «una teoría en crisis»,[7] al afirmar incorrectamente que es objeto de amplia controversia y de debate en la comunidad científica.[8] [9] [10] En el 2005, un tribunal federal dictaminó que el Instituto Discovery lleva a cabo «misiones religiosas, culturales y legales demostrables»[7] [9] [11] y el manifiesto de la institución, la estrategia de la cuña,[12] describe un objetivo religioso: «revertir el dominio asfixiante de la visión materialista del mundo, y reemplazarlo con una ciencia consonante a las convicciones cristianas y teístas».[13] [14]

Referencias[editar]

  1. Discovery Institute, «About Discovery», retrieved 7 September 2010.
  2. (PDF) Understanding the Intelligent Design Creationist Movement: Its True Nature and Goals. A Position Paper from the Center for Inquiry, Office of Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: Center for Inquiry, Inc.. May 2007. http://www.centerforinquiry.net/uploads/attachments/intelligent-design.pdf. Consultado el 2007-08-06 
  3. Harris, Dan (9 de noviembre de 2005). «Small Group Wields Major Influence in Intelligent Design Debate». ABC News. Consultado el 24 de junio de 2010.
  4. "ID's home base is the Center for Science and Culture at Seattle's conservative Discovery Institute. Meyer directs the center; former Reagan adviser Bruce Chapman heads the larger institute, with input from the Christian supply-sider and former American Spectator owner George Gilder (also a Discovery senior fellow). From this perch, the ID crowd has pushed a "teach the controversy" approach to evolution that closely influenced the Ohio State Board of Education's recently proposed science standards, which would require students to learn how scientists "continue to investigate and critically analyze" aspects of Darwin's theory." Chris Mooney. The American Prospect. December 2, 2002 Survival of the Slickest: How anti-evolutionists are mutating their message. Retrieved on 2008-07-23
  5. Teaching Intelligent Design: What Happened When? by William A. Dembski "The clarion call of the intelligent design movement is to "teach the controversy." There is a very real controversy centering on how properly to account for biological complexity (cf. the ongoing events in Kansas), and it is a scientific controversy."
  6. Nick Matzke's analysis shows how teaching the controversy using the Critical Analysis of Evolution model lesson plan is a means of teaching all the intelligent design arguments without using the intelligent design label.No one here but us Critical Analysis-ists... Nick Matzke. The Panda's Thumb, July 11, 2006
  7. a b Saletan, William (21-12-2005). «Is Creationism Destructible?». Slate (magazine). Consultado el 6 de marzo de 2010.
  8. "ID's backers have sought to avoid the scientific scrutiny which we have now determined that it cannot withstand by advocating that the controversy, but not ID itself, should be taught in science class. This tactic is at best disingenuous, and at worst a canard." Ruling, Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, page 89
  9. a b "That this controversy is one largely manufactured by the proponents of creationism and intelligent design may not matter, and as long as the controversy is taught in classes on current affairs, politics, or religion, and not in science classes, neither scientists nor citizens should be concerned." Intelligent Judging — Evolution in the Classroom and the Courtroom George J. Annas, New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 354:2277-2281 May 25, 2006
  10. "Some bills seek to discredit evolution by emphasizing so-called "flaws" in the theory of evolution or "disagreements" within the scientific community. Others insist that teachers have absolute freedom within their classrooms and cannot be disciplined for teaching non-scientific "alternatives" to evolution. A number of bills require that students be taught to "critically analyze" evolution or to understand "the controversy." But there is no significant controversy within the scientific community about the validity of the theory of evolution. The current controversy surrounding the teaching of evolution is not a scientific one." AAAS Statement on the Teaching of Evolution American Association for the Advancement of Science. February 16, 2006
  11. Ruling, page 131 Kitzmiller v. Dover.
  12. Luskin, Casey (8 de septiembre de 2006). «Response to Barbara Forrest's Kitzmiller Account Part IV: The "Wedge Document"». Discovery Institute. Consultado el 24 de junio de 2010.
  13. "Design theory promises to reverse the stifling dominance of the materialist worldview, and to replace it with a science consonant with Christian and theistic convictions." ... "If we view the predominant materialistic science as a giant tree, our strategy is intended to function as a "wedge" that, while relatively small, can split the trunk when applied at its weakest points."Wedge Strategy Discovery Institute, 1999. The institute's response to the leaking of the Wedge strategy, The "Wedge Document": So What? raises the same objection to the materialistic worldview: "We think the materialist world-view that has dominated Western intellectual life since the 19th century is false and we want to refute it. We further want to reverse the influence of such materialistic thinking on our culture".
  14. Tapper, Jake (22 de febrero de 2007). «McCain Speech Tied to Intelligent Design Group Draws Fire». ABC News. Consultado el 5 de diciembre de 2007.