Henry Adams Bellows

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Henry Adams Bellows (Portland, Maine 22 de septiembre de 1885 - diciembre de 1939) fue un editor de prensa y un ejecutivo de la radio que fue uno de los primeros miembros de Federal Communications Commission de Estados Unidos. También es conocido por su traducción de la Edda Poética para la The American-Scandinavian Foundation.

Vida y obra[editar]

Bellows se graduó de la Universidad de Harvard en 1906, y durante tres años enseñó como asistente en ese centro. Recibió su doctorado en 1910 por una disertación sobre literatura comparada titulada The Relations between Prose and Metrical Composition in Old Norse Literature[1] and then became an assistant professor of rhetoric at the University of Minnesota.[2]

Desde 1912 hasta 1919 fue director de The Bellman, una revista literaria de Minneapolis, vice presidente de la Bellman Company y codirector de Miller Publishing Company;[2] from 1914 to 1925 he was managing editor of The Northwestern Miller.[3] También trabajó para la Orquesta deMinnesota [4] entre 1921 y 1923 fue crítco musical del Minneapolis Daily News, y en 1925 was the manager of WCCO, one of the top radio stations in the country.[3] He was also a major in the Minnesota Home Guard durante la Primera Guerra Mundial.[2] [5]

en 1927 Bellows was appointed as one of the first members of the Federal Radio Commission, predecessor of the Federal Communications Commission. He was technical adviser to the first International Radio Telegraph Conference that year. To forestall greater government interference in broadcasting, he advocated stations' programming individually to meet their listeners' needs; he left the FRC 18 months into his three-year term.[3] From 1928 to 1935, he was a director of the National Association of Broadcasters; he was manager of Northwestern Broadcasting from 1929 to 1934 and a vice president of the Columbia Broadcasting System, forerunner of CBS, from 1930 to 1934. In 1930 he set up a transatlantic exchange for radio programs. His final position was as director of public relations for General Mills, where he founded the department.[3] [5]

Vida personal[editar]

En 1911, se casó con Sanger, hija de Charles Robert Sanger, un profesor de Química de Harvard, con quien tuvo dos hijos.[2] Tras su muerte, se casó en segundas nupcias en 1936 con Alice Eels.[3] Murió de cáncer de pulmón en 1939.[5]

Publicaciones[editar]

Bellows is also known for translating the Poetic Edda for The American-Scandinavian Foundation[4] [6] [7] and Peter Abélard's Historia Calamitatum.[3] [8] The range of his four other books indicates the breadth of his interests:[5] Manual for Local Defense,[9] A Treatise on Riot Duty for National Guards,[10] Highland Light, and Other Poems[4] [11] [12] and A Short History of Flour Milling.[13]

Referencias[editar]

  1. PhD Dissertations, Department of Comparative Literature, Harvard University.
  2. a b c d William M. Emery, The Howland Heirs: Being the Story of a Family and a Fortune and the Inheritance of a Trust Established for Mrs. Hetty H.R. Green, Bedford, Massachusetts: Anthony, 1919, p. 333.
  3. a b c d e f Gerald V. Flannery and Peggy Voorhies, "Bellows, Henry, 1927 – 1928", in Gerald V. Flannery, ed., Commissioners of the FCC, 1927–1994, Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1985, ISBN 9780819196699, n.p..
  4. a b c "Henry Adams Bellows (1885–1939)", in Robert I. Hedin, Where One Voice Ends Another Begins: 150 Years of Minnesota Poetry, St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 2007, ISBN 9780873515849, p. 17.
  5. a b c d James Gray, Business Without Boundary: The Story of General Mills, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1954, OCLC 234337, p. 282.
  6. The Poetic Edda, tr. Henry Adams Bellows, Scandinavian classics 21/22, New York: The American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1923, OCLC 753692, repr. The poetic Edda: The Mythological Poems, Mineola, New York: Dover, 2004, ISBN 9780486437101, The Poetic Edda: The Heroic Poems, Mineola, New York: Dover, 2007, ISBN 9780486460215.
  7. Percy A. Hutchison, "Gods Created by the Norse in Their Own Image: For the First Time a Definitive Translation of Scandinavian Tales", The New York Times Book Review, December 16, 1923.
  8. Peter Abélard, Historia calamitatum: The Story of My Misfortunes: An Autobiography, tr. Henry Adams Bellows, St. Paul, Minnesota: Boyd, 1922, OCLC 1005715, repr. New York: Macmillan / London: Collier-Macmillan, 1972, OCLC 556463613
  9. Henry Adams Bellows, Manual for Local Defense, New York: Macmillan, 1918, OCLC 8241834
  10. Henry Adams Bellows, A Treatise on Riot Duty for National Guards, United States Militia Bureau, Washington, D.C.: G.P.O., 1920, OCLC 60731405
  11. "Ballads Of A Bohemian And Highland Light: Two Widely Differing Books of Verse by Robert W. Service and Henry Adams Bellows, Respectively", The Hartford Courant, May 21, 1921 (pay per view).
  12. Henry Adams Bellows, Highland Light, and Other Poems, New York: Macmillan, 1921, OCLC 5517264
  13. Henry Adams Bellows, A Short History of Flour Milling, Minneapolis: Miller, 1924, OCLC 4525837