Anexo:Abreviaturas aeronáuticas y aeroespaciales

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Un glosario de abreviaturas usadas en relación a la aeronáutica y la astronáutica, en orden alfabético.


A[editar]

Abreviatura Término
A/C aircraft (avión)
ACAS Airborne Collision Avoidance System
ACARS Aircraft Communication and Addressing Reporting System
ACFT Avión
ACI Airports Council International
ACMS Aircraft Condition Monitoring System
ACC Active Clearance Control
AD Airworthiness Directive (Directiva de aeronavegabilidad)
ADC Air Data Computer
ADF Automatic Direction Finder
ADI Attitude Director Indicator
ADS Automatic Dependent Surveillance
ADV German Airports Association
AFCS Automatic Flight Control System
AFDS Autopilot Flight Director System
AFS Aeronautical Fixed Service
A/D aerodrome (aeródromo)
agl Above ground level
AHRS Attitude Heading Reference System
AIP Aeronautical Information Publication
ALS Approach Lighting System
AMSL Above Mean Sea Level
ANSP Air Navigation Service Provider
AOA Angle of Attack (Ángulo de ataque)
AOC Air Operator's Certificate
AOM Airport/Aerodrome Operating Minima
AP Piloto automático
APU Auxiliary Power Unit (Unidad de potencia auxiliar)
A/P airplane (US), aeroplane (ICAO)
AR Authorization Required
ARINC Aeronautical Radio Inc.
ARO Air Traffic Services Reporting Office
ARTCC Air Route Traffic Control Centers
ASDA Association for Scientific Development of Air Traffic Management in Europe
ASAS Airborne Separation Assurance System
ASI Airspeed Indicator
ASL Above sea level
ASM Airspace management
ATA Air Traffic Association (Asociación de tráfico aéreo)
ATC Air Traffic Control (Control de tráfico aéreo)
ATFM Air Traffic Flow Management
ATIS Automatic Terminal Information Service
ATM Air Traffic Management
AT-One Strategic Alliance between DLR and NLR on ATM research and development
ATPL Airline Transport Pilot Licence
ATS Air Traffic Services (Sistema de tráfico aéreo)

B[editar]

Abreviatura Término
BC Back Course

C[editar]

Abreviatura Término
CAA Civil Aviation Authority
CAS Calibrated airspeed
CFIT Controlled Flight Into Terrain
CG Center of Gravity (Centro de gravedad)
CMV Converted Meteorological Visibility
CPDLC Controller Pilot Data Link Communications
CTAF Common Traffic Advisory Frequency
CVR Cockpit Voice Recorder

D[editar]

Abreviatura Término
DA/H Decision Altitude / Height (rel. to THR) See Instrument Landing System
DER Departure End of Runway
DG Directional Gyro
DLR German Aerospace Center / Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
DME Distance Measuring Equipment
DR Dead reckoning

E[editar]

Abreviatura Término
EAS Equivalent airspeed
EASA European Aviation Safety Agency (Agencia Europea de Seguridad Aérea)
ECAM Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitor (Desarrollo del EICAS)
ECET End of civil evening twilight
EICAS Engine Indicator and Crew Alert System
E-LSA Experimental light-sport aircraft
ELT Emergency Locator Transmitter
EPR Engine Pressure Ratio
ESA Emergency Safe Altitude
EFIS Electronic Flight Instrument System
EUROCAE European Organisation for Civil Aviation Equipment

F[editar]

Abreviatura Término
FAA U.S. Department of Transportations' Federal Aviation Administration (Administración Federal de Aviación)
FADEC Full Authority Digital Engine Control
FAF Final Approach Fix
FANS Future Air Navigation System
FAP Final Approach Point
FEP Final End Point
FDR Flight Data Recorder (also known as black box)
FIR Flight Information Region
FL Flight Level
FMC Flight Management Computer (same as FMS)
FMS Flight Management System
FPL Filed Flight Plan
FMC Flight Management Computer
FSF Flight Safety Foundation
FSS Flight Service Station

G[editar]

Abreviatura Término
GCA Ground-controlled approach
GLOC g-Induced Loss of Consciousness, where g is acceleration relevant to the acceleration caused by gravity
GND Ground
GP Glide Path
GPS Global Positioning System
GPWS Ground Proximity Warning System
EGPWS Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System
GA Go-Around
GS Glideslope
GSE Ground Support Equipment

H[editar]

Abreviatura Término
H Heavy
HDG Heading
HL Height Loss
HPA Human Powered Aircraft
HSI Horizontal Situation Indicator
HUD Head-up display

I[editar]

Abreviatura Término
IAF Initial approach fix
IAP Instrument approach procedure
IAS Indicated airspeed
IATA International Air Transport Association
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICO Idle cut-off
IF Intermediate Approach Fix
IFATCA International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers' Associations
IFR Instrument Flight Rules
ILS Instrument Landing System
IMC Instrument Meteorological Conditions
INS Inertial Navigation System
IRS Inertial Reference System
ISA International Standard Atmosphere

L[editar]

Abreviatura Término
LCN Load Classification Number
LCG Load Classification Group
LHO Live Human Organs
LLZ Localizer (ILS)
LNAV Lateral Navigation
LOFT Line Oriented Flight Training
LM Land and Marine

M[editar]

Abreviatura Término
MAC Mid-air collision
MAP Missed Approach Point
MATS Manual of Air Traffic Services
MDA/H Minimum Descent Altitude/Height
MEDEVAC Medical Evacuation
MEF Maximum Elevation Figure
MLS Microwave Landing System
MM Middle Marker
MOC Minimum Obstacle Clearance
MRO Maintenance Repair Overhaul
MP Manifoil Pressure
MSA Minimum Safe Altitude /Minimum Sector Altitude
MSL Mean Sea Level
MTOW Maximum Take-Off Weight
MZFW Maximum Zero-Fuel Weight

N[editar]

Abreviatura Témino
NDB Non-Directional Beacon

O[editar]

Abreviatura Término
OCA Obstacle Clearance Altitude
OCH Obstacle Clearance Height
OM Outer Marker
OBE Overcome By Events

P[editar]

Abreviatura Término
PANS-OPS Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Aircraft Operations
PAPI Precision Approach Path Indicator
PAR Precision Approach Radar
PDG Procedure Design Gradient
PDAS Public Domain Aeronautical Software
PET Point of Equal Time
PFAF Precision Final Approach Fix
PSR Point of Safe Return
PSU Personal Service Unit

Q[editar]

Abreviatura Término
QFE the Q-code for: Atmospheric pressure at a/d elevation (or at THR)
QNH the Q-code for: Altimeter sub-scale setting to obtain elevation when on the ground, i.e. altitude above MSL

R[editar]

Abreviatura Término
RA Radio Altitude
RAS Rectified Air Speed
RDH Reference Datum Height for ILS
RNAV Area navigation
RSR En-route Surveillance Radar
RVR Runway Visual Range
RVSM Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum
RWY Runway

S[editar]

Abreviatura Término
SESAR Single European Sky ATM Research
SIGMET Significant Meteorological Advisory
SOC Start of Climb at Missed Approach
SID Standard Instrument Departure
SR Sunrise
SS Sunset
STAR Standard Terminal Arrival Route

T[editar]

Abreviatura Término
TAA Terminal Arrival Area
TACAN Tactical Air Navigation
TAM Total Airport Management
TAS True airspeed
TAR Terminal Approach Radar
TCA Terminal control area
TCAS Traffic Collision Avoidance System
TCH Threshold Crossing Height
TERPS Terminal Procedures
TFR Temporary Flight Restriction
THR Runway Threshold
TOD Top of Descent
TO/GA Take-off/go around
TORA Take-off Run Available
TOW Take-off weight
TOWS Take-off warning system
TP Turning Point at Missed Approach
TRA Temporary Reserved Airspace
TRACON Terminal Radar Approach Control
TTAF Total Time Air Frame
TTSN Total Time Since New
TTSO Total Time Since Overhaul
TWR Tower
TWY Taxiway

U[editar]

Abreviatura Término
UAV Unmanned Air Vehicle (Vehículo aéreo no tripulado)
UHF Ultra High Frequency
UIR Upper Information Region
UTC Universal Coordinated Time

V[editar]

Abreviatura Término
VASI Visual Approach Slope Indicator
VDP Visual Descent Point
VFR Visual flight rules
VHF Very High Frequency (Muy alta frecuencia)
VMC Visual meteorological conditions
VNAV Vertical Navigation
VOR VHF omnidirectional range (Radiofaro omnidireccional)

V speeds[editar]

Abreviatura Término
Va Maneuvering speed
Vfe Maximum flaps extended speed
Vle Maximum landing gear extension speed
Vlo Maximum landing gear operating speed
Vmo Maximum operating speed
Vne Never-exceed speed
Vno Normal operating speed limit
Vs Stall speed (Velocidad de pérdida)
Vx Best angle of climb speed
Vy Best rate of climb speed

W[editar]

Abreviatura Término
WOFW Weight-off-Wheels, indicates aircraft is off ground since lift off
WONW Weight-on-Wheels, indicates aircraft is on ground since touch down

X[editar]

Abreviatura Término
XMIT Transmit
XPDR Transponder
XPNDR Transponder

Z[editar]

Abreviatura Término
Z Zulu Time (UTC) (Hora Zulu)
ZFW Zero-Fuel Weight

Véase también[editar]

Enlaces externos[editar]