Anexo:Alias honoríficos en la música popular

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Aretha Franklin, "Reina del Soul", honorificada con la Medalla Presidencial de la Libertad en noviembre de 2005.

Los alias honoríficos en la música popular son, a menudo, apelativos religiosos, familiares o (la más frecuente) reales y aristocráticos, usado como una forma de expresión en los medios de comunicación o para identificar el significado notable e influyente de un artista por sus fans. Los alias honoríficos fueron usados en la música clásica de Europa a inicios del siglo XIX, con figuras como Mozart siendo llamado "El padre de la música moderna" y Bach como "El padre de la música del piano moderno".[1] Estos apelativos, también, fueron particularmente prominentes en la cultura afroamericana, posterior a la era de la Guerra Civil, tal vez como un medio de concesión negado por la esclavitud, y como resultado entró en los primeros pasos de la música jazz y blues, incluyendo a figuras como Duke Ellington y Count Bassie.[2]

En la cultura estadounidense, a pesar de su constitución republicana e ideológica, cuatro alias honoríficos se han utilizado para describir a figuras destacadas en distintos ámbitos de actividad, tales como la industria, el comercio, el deporte y los medios de comunicación; el padre o la madre se han utilizado para los innovadores, y títulos reales como rey y reina para figuras dominantes en un campo específico.[3] [4] En los años 30 y 40, de tal manera que el jazz y el swing fueron ganando popularidad, estos géneros musicales se hicieron más comerciales y exitosos con artistas como Paul Whiteman y Benny Goodman siendos conocidos como "El Rey del Jazz" y "El Rey del Swing, respectivamente, aunque que estas formas musicales surgieron de la cultura afroamericana.[5] El uso de los alias también pasaron al uso en el rock and roll, iniciado en los años 50. Se intentó encontrar (y un número de personas clamaban serlo) a "El Rey de Rock and Roll", un título que se comenzó a asociar con Elvis Presley.[6] Esto ha sido visto como parte de un proceso de consignación de crédito para la innovación de la entonces nueva música por un establecimiento blanco.[7] Diferentes honorificaciones fueron tomadas o entregadas para otras figuras líderes en el género, como "El Arquitecto del Rock and Roll", de Little Richard en los años 1990,[8] pero este término, como muchos, también es usado para otras importantes figuras, en este caso incluyendo al pionero de la guitarra eléctrica Les Paul.[9]

Alias honoríficos similares fueron entregados en otros géneros, incluyendo a Aretha Franklin, literalmente coronada como la "Reina del Soul" por el DJ Pervis Spann en el escenario, en 1968.[10] Otros alias fueron adoptados para emular directamente a estos, donde tenemos ejemplo al apelativo "Rey del Pop" de Michael Jackson.[11] [12]

Muchos de estas asignaciones son usadas como un proceso de márketing y puede ser adoptadas o caer en desuso por la prensa y los fans en un tiempo determinado.[13] Muchas de ellas, fueron fuertemente promulgadas y refutadas por varios artistas[14] y, en ocasiones, repudiados o minimizados por sus súbditos. Algunos de estos alias son usados, en general, para identificar a individuos en particular, por su estilo o trayectoria.

Otros términos

Después de los principales términos (padre, madre, rey, reina), existe otros apelativos usados para designar su influencia particular o diferente en un género o ámbito. Estos son "padrino", "madrina", "emperatriz", "emperador", "diva", "princesa", "príncipe", "abuelo", "maestro", "señor", "modfather" (utilizado para designar a un personaje influyente en el movimiento mod, como ejemplo principal a Paul Weller), "señora", "señor", "dios", entre otros.

Pop

Alias Artista (s) País Fuente
Reina del pop Madonna Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [15]
Madre del pop [16] [17] [18] [19]
Diosa del pop [20] [21] [22]
Princesa del pop Britney Spears [23] [24] [25]
Christina Aguilera [26]
Lady Gaga[n. 1] [28] [29] [30]
Rihanna Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados [31] [32]
Kylie Minogue Bandera de Australia Australia [cita requerida]
Reina del K-Pop BoA Bandera de Corea del Sur Corea del Sur [33]
Reina del pop latino Gloria Estefan Bandera de Cuba Cuba [34]
Thalía Bandera de México México [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41]
Shakira Bandera de Colombia Colombia [42]
Laura Pausini Bandera de Italia Italia [43] [44]
Reina del pop español Marta Sánchez Bandera de España España [45]
Princesa del pop latino Paulina Rubio Bandera de México México [46]
Belinda Peregrín [47]
Anahí [48] [49] [50]
Princesa del pop punk Avril Lavigne Bandera de Canadá Canadá [51]
Reina del canto pop Anita Mui Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [52]
Reina del pop cristiano Amy Grant Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [53]
Reina del pop japonés Namie Amuro Bandera de Japón Japón [54]
Hibari Misora [55] [56]
Reina del pop griego Helena Paparizou Bandera de Grecia Grecia [57]
Diosa del pop Cher Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [58] [59]
Emperatriz del pop asiático Ayumi Hamasaki Bandera de Japón Japón [60]
Padrino del pop británico Ray Davies Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [61]
Padrino del cantopop Joseph Koo Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [62]
Roman Tam [63]
Rey del electropop Calvin Harris Bandera de Escocia Escocia [64]
Rey del pop Michael Jackson Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [65] [66]
Príncipe del pop Robbie Williams Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [67]
Justin Timberlake Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [68]
Rey del pop latino Enrique Iglesias Bandera de España España [69]
Astro del pop latino Ricky Martin Bandera de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico [70]
Príncipe del pop latino Chayanne [cita requerida]

Títulos femeninos

Alias Artista (s) País Fuente
La Madonna Latina Thalía Bandera de México México [71]
Gloria Estefan Bandera de Cuba Cuba [72]
La Madonna Mexicana Gloria Trevi Bandera de México México [73] [74] [75]
Selena Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [76]
La Madonna China Jolin Tsai Bandera de Taiwán Taiwán [77]
Sa Ding Ding Bandera de la República Popular China China [78] [79]
La Madonna Asiática Anita Mui Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [80]
La Madonna Negra Beyoncé Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [81]
Ángel de la Música Sarah Brightman Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [82]
Reina del Folk-Urban Nelly Furtado Bandera de Canadá Canadá [83]
Ave cantora suprema Mariah Carey Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [84] [85]
Dajieda ("Gran Hermana") Mao Amin Bandera de la República Popular China China [86]
Diva de Puerto Rico Yolandita Monge Bandera de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico [87]
Emperatriz del Blues Bessie Smith Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [88]
Emperatriz del Soul Gladys Knight [89]
Reina de Disney Miley Cyrus [90]
Reina adolescente [91] [92] [93]
Reina del twerking [94] [95]
Ídola eterna Seiko Matsuda Bandera de Japón Japón [96] [97]
Reina Eterna Vivian Chow Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [98]
Reina de YouTube La Tigresa del Oriente Bandera del Perú Perú [99]
Primera Dama del Country Tammy Wynette Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [100] [101]
Primera dama de la Canción Ella Fitzgerald [102] [103]
La Voz de la Generación Christina Aguilera [104]
Madrina del Punk Patti Smith [105]
Diva de La Banda Jenni Rivera
Suma Sacerdotisa del Soul Nina Simone [88]
Princesa del R&B Aaliyah [106]
Brandy [107]
Monica [107]
Rihanna Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados [108] [109] [110]
Princesa del Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [111] [112]
Reina de la música Folk Americana Odetta [113]
Reina del Blues Koko Taylor [114]
Dinah Washington [115] [116]
Reina de la Copla Isabel Pantoja [117]
Reina de la música cristiana Sandi Patty [118]
Reina del canadiense R&B Jully Black Bandera de Canadá Canadá [119]
Reina del Country Kitty Wells Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [120] [121]
Loretta Lynn [122] [123]
Reba McEntire [122] [124]
Dolly Parton [122]
Reina del Disco Donna Summer [23]
Gloria Gaynor [125]
Sylvester [126]
Reina del Folk Vinjamuri Anasuya Devi Bandera de India India [127]
Reina del Gospel Mahalia Jackson Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [128] [129]
Reina del Heavy Metal Lee Aaron Bandera de Canadá Canadá [130]
Reina del Hip Hop Missy Elliot Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [131]
Mary J. Blige [23]
Reina del Hip Hop Soul Mary J. Blige [132] [133]
Reina del Jazz Ella Fitzgerald [134] [135]
Reina del R&B Beyoncé [136] [137]
Mary J. Blige [138] [139]
Ruth Brown [140] [141]
Alicia Keys [142] [143]
Janet Jackson [144] [145]
Rihanna Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados [146] [147] [148]
Reina del Rap Nicki Minaj Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad y Tobago [149]
Reina del Rave Rozalla Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia [150]
Reina de la Re-invención Madonna Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [151] [152]
Cher [58]
Christina Aguilera [153] [154]
Queen Latifah [155]
Reina del Rock and Roll Janis Joplin [156] [157]
Stevie Nicks [158] [159]
Tina Turner [23]
Reina del Soul Aretha Franklin [23] [160]
Reina del Tejano Laura Canales [161]
Lydia Mendoza [162]
Reina del Tex Mex Selena Bandera de México Bandera de los Estados Unidos México, E.E. U.U. [163]
Estrella del Oriente o Diva de la canción árabe Umm Kulthum Bandera de Egipto Egipto [164]
Reina de la Salsa Celia Cruz Bandera de Cuba Cuba [165]
Reina del Reggaeton Ivy Queen Bandera de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico [166]
Reina blanca del Soul Dusty Springfield Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [167] [168]
Rosa de España Rosa López Bandera de España España [169] [170]
La pantera de figueras Mónica Naranjo [171]
La más grande Rocío Jurado [172] [173]
La española más mexicana Rocío Dúrcal [174]

Títulos masculinos

Alias Artista (s) País Fuente
Arquitecto del Rock and Roll Les Paul Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [175] [176]
Little Richard Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [177]
El Jefe Bruce Springsteen Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [178]
Presidente de la Junta Frank Sinatra Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [179]
Príncipe Heredero del Reggae Dennis Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica [180] [181]
Padre del Bluegrass Bill Monroe Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [182]
Padre del rock chino Cui Jian Bandera de la República Popular China China [183]
Padre del Death Metal Chuck Schuldiner Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [184] [185] [186]
Padre del Disco Giorgio Moroder Bandera de Italia Italia [187]
Padre del Folk Narasimha Murthy, Manapragada Bandera de India India [188]
Padre del reggaeton Nando Boom Bandera de Panamá Panamá [189]
Dios Eric Clapton Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [190]
Dios de la Canción Jacky Cheung Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [191]
Sam Hui Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [192]
Dios del Rock Freddie Mercury Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [193]
Padrino del Disco Mel Cheren Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [194]
Padrino del Grunge Neil Young Bandera de Canadá Canadá [195]
Padrino del Italo Disco Alexander Robotnick Bandera de Italia Italia [196]
Padrino del Metal Ozzy Osbourne Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [197]
Padrino de la Polka Brian Kirchberg Bandera de Polonia Polonia [198]
Padrino del Punk Iggy Pop Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [199] [200]
Padrino del Rap Rudy Ray Moore Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [201]
Gil Scott-Heron Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [201]
Padrino del Ska Laurel Aitken Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica [202]
Padrino del Soul James Brown Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [203]
Abuelo del Rock and Roll Robert Johnson Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [204]
Su Majestad Púrpura o su maldad Real Prince Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [205] [206] [207] [208]
Rey Jimmy Zambo Bandera de Hungría Hungría [209] [210]
Rey del Blues John Lee Hooker Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [211]
B. B. King Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [212] [213]
Rey del Country Roy Acuff Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [214]
Rey del Freestyle Stevie B Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [215]
Rey del do de pecho Luciano Pavarotti Bandera de Italia Italia [216]
Rey del Jukebox Louis Jordan Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [217]
Dick Todd Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [218]
Los Cuatro Reyes Celestiales del pop chino Jacky Cheung Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [191]
Leon Lai Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [191]
Andy Lau Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [191]
Aaron Kwok Bandera de Hong Kong Hong Kong [191]
Rey del Jazz Paul Whiteman Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [219]
Rey del R&B R. Kelly Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [220]
Rey del Ragtime Scott Joplin Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [221]
Rey del Raï Khaled Bandera de Argelia Argelia [222] [223]
Rey del Rap Kurtis Blow Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [224]
Snoop Dogg Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [132]
Lil Wayne Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [225]
Rey de Rockabilly Carl Perkins Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [226] [227]
Rey del Rock and Roll Chuck Berry Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [228]
Fats Domino Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [229]
Alan Freed Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [230]
Bill Haley Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [230]
Elvis Presley Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [231]
Little Richard Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [232]
Rey del Rock 'n' Soul Solomon Burke Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [233]
Rey del Skiffle Lonnie Donegan Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [234]
Rey del Soul James Brown Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [235]
Otis Redding Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [236]
Rey de la Guitarra Surf Dick Dale Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [237]
Rey del Swing Benny Goodman Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [238]
Rey del Tejano Emilio Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [239]
Dios del Metal Rob Halford Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [240] [241]
Señor Música Country Red Foley Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [242]
Señor Emoción Jackie Wilson Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [243]
Modfather Paul Weller Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [244] [245]
Músico de los sonidos Pierre Schaeffer Bandera de Francia Francia [246]
Papa del Mope Morrissey Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [247]
Príncipe del Motown Marvin Gaye Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [248]
Príncipe de las tinieblas Ozzy Osbourne Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [249]
Príncipe del Euro Sniper Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido
Bandera de Chipre Chipre
[250]
Príncipe del R&B Usher Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [251]
Chris Brown Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [252] [253]
Príncipe del Soul Marvin Gaye Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [254]
Sugar Boy del R&B Matt Jannazzo Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [255]
Sol del Arte Zeki Müren Bandera de Turquía Turquía [256]

Títulos de Grupos

Título Artista País Fuente
Banda Americana The Beach Boys Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [257] [258]
La mejor banda de Rock and Roll estadounidense Aerosmith Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [259] [260]
Los cuatro grandes del Thrash Anthrax Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [261]
Megadeth Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [261]
Metallica Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [261]
Slayer Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [261]
The Fab Four The Beatles Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [262]
Primera familia del Soul Five Stairsteps Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [263] [264]
Jackson Five Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [263]
El padrino del Rave The Prodigy Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [265]
La mejor banda de Rock 'n' Roll en el mundo The Rolling Stones Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [266]
La mayor banda de Rock 'n' Roll The Black Crowes Bandera de los Estados Unidos Estados Unidos [267]
La única banda que importa The Clash Bandera del Reino Unido Reino Unido [268]

Notas

  1. No obstante, algunos medios de comunicación se han referido a ella como la Reina del pop o la Nueva Madonna.[27]

Véase también

Referencias

  1. A. R. Frey, Sobriquets and Nicknames (1888, published online by BiblioBazaar, 2009), p. 115.
  2. D. Evans, "From Bumble Bee Slim to Black Boy Shine: Nicknames of Blues Singers" in D. Evans, ed., Ramblin' on my mind: new perspectives on the blues: African American music in global perspective (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 179-222.
  3. M. Benoliel and Linda Cashdan, The Upper Hand: Winning Strategies from World-Class Negotiators (Adams Media, 2006), p. 26.
  4. B. G. Rader, Baseball: a history of America's game (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 3rd edn., 2008), p. 140.
  5. Y. Bynoe, Stand and deliver: political activism, leadership, and hip hop culture (Soft Skull Press, 2004), p. 155.
  6. M. T. Bertrand, Race, rock, and Elvis: Music in American life (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 220.
  7. G. B. Rodman, "A hero to most?; Elvis, myth and the politics of race", Cultural Studies vol. 8 (3), (1994), p. 474.
  8. J. Warner, On this day in black music history (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2006), p. 56,
  9. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum, http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/les-paul, retrieved 5/09/09.
  10. A. Kempton, Boogaloo: the quintessence of American popular music (University of Michigan Press, 2005), p. 58.
  11. Christopher P. Andersen, MJ Michael Jackson: unauthorized (Simon & Schuster, 1994), p. 215.
  12. R Jones and S. Brown, Michael Jackson, the man behind the mask: an insider's story of the king of pop (Select Books, 2005), p. 49.
  13. R. H. Fiske, Vocabula Bound: Essays on the English Language from The Vocabula Review (Marion Street Press, 2004), p. 245.
  14. "The 'Queen of Soul' is not happy about Grammy incident", NME News http://www.nme.com/news/tabloid-hell/34352, retrieved 05/09/09
  15. «Madonna and Me: Women Writers on the Queen of Pop [Paperback]» (en inglés). Amazon.com. Consultado el 29 de diciembre de 2012.
  16. Alva, Carlos (5 de octubre de 2001). «Madonna: Like a Virgin … De nuevo, con remixes de viejos clásicos». MTV. MTV Networks (Viacom). Consultado el 15 de marzo de 2013.
  17. «Popalbum MDNA Süchtig nach Madonna» (en alemán). Die Zeit. Grupo Editorial Holtzbrinck. Consultado el 8 de enero de 2013.
  18. Bautista, Esteban (29 de noviembre de 2012). «Reverencia ante La Reina». Confidencial Colombia. Consultado el 8 de enero de 2013.
  19. Seta, Claudia (29 de noviembre de 2012). «Madonna, la reina madre del pop cumple 54 años». 26Noticias Argentina. Consultado el 8 de enero de 2013.
  20. «Madonna in Art [Hardcover]» (en inglés). Amazon.com. Consultado el 30 de diciembre de 2012.
  21. «Goddess [Hardcover]» (en inglés). Amazon.com. Consultado el 29 de diciembre de 2012.
  22. «Madonna Queen of the World [Hardcover]» (en inglés). Amazon.com. Consultado el 31 de diciembre de 2012.
  23. a b c d e "Some women have even been given titles. Tina Turner who is The Queen of Rock and Aretha Franklin, dubbed the Queen of Soul. Donna Summer is the Queen of Disco and Mary J. Blige is the Queen of Hip-Hop, Gloria Estefan is the Queen of Latin Pop, Madonna is the Queen of Pop, while Britney Spears and Christina Aquilera are the Princesses of Pop." in L. Bollinger and C. O'Neill, Women in Media Careers: Success Despite the Odds (University Press of America, 2008), p. 147.
  24. «Britney Spears reclaims her "Pop Princess" title.» (en inglés). DailyMail.com. Consultado el 3 de marzo de 2013.
  25. «Britney Spears Still is the "Princess Of Pop".» (en inglés). MTV.com. Consultado el 3 de marzo de 2013.
  26. FHM «La eterna Princesa de Pop, Christina Aguilera» Consultado el 31 de julio de 2010
  27. Mayer Nissim (30 de junio de 2011). «Lady Gaga named "Queen of Pop" over Taylor Swift, Rihanna» (en inglés). Digital Spy. Consultado el 17 de agosto de 2012.
  28. «Madonna quiere cantar con Gaga, y Gaga dice no». Rollingstone.com.ar (28 de septiembre de 2012). Consultado el 2 de octubre de 2012.
  29. «Lady GaGa the new Princess of Pop» (en inglés). Mirror.co.uk (8 de enero de 2009). Consultado el 2 de octubre de 2012.
  30. Daniela Elser. «Pop princess Lady Gaga’s no Material Girl» (en inglés). Thepunch.com.au. Consultado el 2 de octubre de 2012.
  31. Nadeska Alexis. «Rihanna's Road To 2012 VMAs: From Pop Princess To Good Girl Gone Bad» (en inglés). MTV. Consultado el 17 de diciembre de 2013.
  32. «Online debate after Rihanna snaps in Abu Dhabi go viral» (en inglés). 7daysinabudhabi. Consultado el 17 de diciembre de 2013.
  33. «BoA — “Game”» (en inglés). MTVK.com (3 de septiembre de 2010). Consultado el 22 de mayo de 2014.
  34. "Known far and wide as the 'Queen of Latin Pop,' Gloria Estefan is one of the most recognized artists in the world." in «Gloria Estefan to Write Her First Book, a Children's Story Starring Her Bulldog Noelle; Published in English and Spanish Editions by Rayo, an Imprint of HarperCollins, in November 2005», Business Wire: 1, 2004-12-06 
  35. «Thalía feliz por cantar tema de Gian Marco en honor a Chespirito». RPP.com.pe. Grupo RPP (29 de febrero de 2012). Consultado el 27 de octubre de 2012.
  36. «Thalía cumplirá 33 años este jueves». Esmas. Grupo Televisa (2004). Consultado el 27 de octubre de 2012.
  37. «Thalía festeja sus 33 años...». Terra.com.mx. Terra Networks. Consultado el 28 de octubre de 2012.
  38. Robbins, Li (29 de octubre de 2012). «Tony Bennett and Mexican star Thalia duet in exclusive video» (en inglés). CBC Music. Canadá: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Consultado el 31 de octubre de 2012.
  39. «Un 26 de agosto nacieron Thalia, Macaukay Culkin y falleció Laura Branigan». Agencia ANDINA. Consultado el 31 de octubre de 2012.
  40. Notimex (25 de agosto de 2012). «Efemérides de Espectáculos del 26 de agosto». Yahoo!.com. Microsoft Corporation. Consultado el 31 de octubre de 2012.
  41. «Thalía, reina del pop latino». Anodis.com. Agencia de Noticias sobre Diversidad Sexual (Anodis) (2004). Consultado el 31 de octubre de 2012.
  42. «10 motivos por los que Shakira es la reina latina del pop mundial». Terra.com.pe. Consultado el 16 de agosto de 2012.
  43. «Laura Pausini, la reina del pop, estará de vuelta con un nuevo álbum inédito a la venta el 11.11.201». Warnermusic.es (14 de febrero de 2011). Consultado el 11 de agosto de 2013.
  44. «Il più grande» (en italianoc). Ilpiugrande.rai.it. Consultado el 11 de agosto de 2013.
  45. Las Provincias (14 de julio de 2007). «Marta Sánchez pone la guinda» (en español). Consultado el 9 de febrero de 2011. «La reina del pop español actuará mañana domingo en la plaza de Europa. Un concierto gratuito que anticipa el final de las celebraciones en la localidad».
  46. «Paulina Rubio Photos | Pictures of Paulina Rubio | MTV» (en inglés). MTV. Consultado el 16 de agosto de 2012.
  47. «Belinda: la princesa del pop latino y sus obsesiones». Terra.es. Consultado el 16 de agosto de 2012.
  48. «Anahí cambiará de look para la reedición de su álbum». Terra.com.pe. Consultado el 16 de agosto de 2012.
  49. «Anahí- Princesa Del Pop». paratodos.com. Consultado el 16 de septiembre de 2012.
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  51. "Avril Lavigne, Reina" in Avril Lavigne [1] 
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  59. Bowing out, if not exactly gracefully, Cher, that surgically enhanced queen of reinvention, last week brought her farewell tour to Glasgow. Sweet, Lucy (2004-05-16), «Cher's so long farewell», Sunday Times: 11 
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  61. "Affectionately referred to as the 'Godfather of Brit pop,' Davies is co-founder, lead singer and rhythm guitarist of the Kinks, one of the most long-lived and influential rock groups of the 1960s British Invasion." in Ray Davies To Be Honored as BMI Icon at Annual London Awards October 3, Broadcast Music Incorporated, 2006-08-08, http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/334938, consultado el 2009-01-22 
  62. "For Koo, who credits his music studies at Berklee with having an influence “mainly on the theory and inspiration” of his musical arrangements, went on to make such a major impact on the local popular music scene that he was bestowed the title ‘The Godfather of Cantopop’. " Yvonne Teh. «the godfather of cantopop». bc magazine. Consultado el 3 de enero de 2010.
  63. "For Koo, who credits his music studies at Berklee with having an influence “mainly on the theory and inspiration” of his musical arrangements, went on to make such a major impact on the local popular music scene that he was bestowed the title ‘The Godfather of Cantopop’. " «Riding a Melodic Tide – The Development of Cantopop in Hong Kong». Hong Kong Heritage Museum. Consultado el 3 de enero de 2010.
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  66. He wears the crown as the King Of Pop because no artist has broken his record of selling nearly 60 million copies of a single Album (Thriller). Lewis Jones, Jel D. (2005). Michael Jackson, the King of Pop: The Big Picture: the Music! the Man! the Legend! the Interviews: an Anthology. Amber Books Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9780974977904. 
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  69. «Enrique Iglesias es el rey del pop latino». Telemundo. Consultado el 16 de agosto de 2012.
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  82. Sarah Brightman: The original angel of music hits the high notes in Symphony
  83. Sarah Brightman: The original angel of music hits the high notes in Symphony
  84. Error en la cita: Etiqueta <ref> inválida; no se ha definido el contenido de las referencias llamadas vinsky
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  88. a b "Bessie Smith became the 'Empress of the Blues' based on her strong vocal abilities...When Nina Simone 'the High Priestess of Soul' performed at the Academy" in M. E. Bratcher, Words and songs of Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, and Nina Simone: sound motion, blues spirit, and African memory: Studies in African American history and culture (Routledge, 2007), p. 2.
  89. Overshadowed by the success of Diana Ross and Aretha Franklin, Gladys Knight technically supersedes them with her title "Empress of Soul". And rightly so: with her Pips she created solid Motown hits, followed by Seventies soul gems such as Midnight Train to Georgia and Help Me Make It Through the Night - sure to raise a tear on this farewell tour. McNulty, Bernadette (2009-10-10), «Pop», The Daily Telegraph: 16 
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  98. 導語:許鞍華拍攝的電影《得閑炒飯》裡,“玉女掌門人”周慧敏將會與吳君如飾演一對同性戀人,片中還有激吻親熱場面。為揣摩角色,周慧敏早前還跟許鞍華到蘭桂坊女同志派對見識,更與場內同志傾心事 (Ubiquity translation: Guide language: Ann Hui shot the film "leisurely fried rice", the "beautiful woman Master" Vivian Chow will work with Sandra Ng plays a pair of gay people, intimate scenes of the film there is Ji Wen. To try to figure out the role of Vivian Chow was kind enough earlier to the Lan Kwai Fong Ann Hui lesbian party insight and more attracted to things with comrades inside。玉女掌門人周慧敏再登嘉兒演繹知性風尚(組圖) - 時尚 - 全球新聞 - 北美新浪:» págs. Splash. Sina.com. Consultado el 2009 11 22.
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  101. "...living up to the hype of being the First Lady of Country Music." at Smith, Sid (2008-04-07), Tammy Wynette, Stand By Your Man, BBC, http://web.archive.org/web/http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/release/r8p2/, consultado el 2009-03-17 
  102. "Dubbed 'The First Lady of Song,' Ella Fitzgerald was the most popular female jazz singer in the United States for more than half a century. In her lifetime, she won 13 Grammy awards and sold over 40 million albums."«The Official Web Site of Ella Fitzgerald - Biography». www.ellafitzgerald.com. Consultado el 15 de mayo de 2009.
  103. "The singer who was affectionately known as 'The First Lady of Song' died peacefully at home surrounded by family and friends, said spokeswoman Andrea Hecht" at «Ella Fitzgerald, first lady of song, dies at 78». findarticles.com (1 de julio de 1996). Consultado el 15 de mayo de 2009.
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  105. "Smith is often described as the godmother of punk." in J. Tarr, The words and music of Patti Smith (Praeger, 2008), p. 29.
  106. "Overnight the unknown 14-year old became an international star. This earned her the nickname 'Princess of R&B'.", in W. Sutherland, Aaliyah Remembered (Trafford Publishing, 2005), p. 21.
  107. a b "Rising above it all was Monica, the headline female act, who's currently sharing the title of 'R&B Princess' with young singer Brandy" in Townsend, Audarshia (1998-10-31), «No Real Treat Monica Highlights Otherwise Dreary Halloween Bash», Chicago Tribune: 25, ISSN 10856706 
  108. http://phatechee.com/unwrapped/item/404-rihanna-shines-on-newest-track-%E2%80%98diamonds%E2%80%99
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  112. "It was only a matter of time before |the Princess of Rock 'n' Roll decided to rely on her royal bloodline and make a music career." in Gumbrecht, Jamie (2003-07-24), «5», The Atlanta Journal- Constitution: 35 
  113. "Odetta, who has died of kidney failure aged 77, received many honours during her life, most notably from Martin Luther King, who called her 'the queen of American folk music', and the then US president Bill Clinton, who in 1999 awarded her the National Medal of the Arts and Humanities. She had been due to sing at Barack Obama's inauguration in January." in «Queen of folk led way for female solo singers», Irish Times: 14, 2008-12-06 
  114. "Koko Taylor is Chicago's reigning 'Queen of the Blues.' in Hine, Darlene; Elsa Barkley Brown, Rosalyn Terborg-Penn (1993), Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, Carlson Publishing, p. 1143, ISBN 9780926019614 
  115. "Dinah Washington was 'the Queen of the Blues,' and often identified as 'the Queen'." in Holsey, Steve (September 2008), «Celebrity nicknames and titles», Michigan Chronicle 72 (2): D.1 
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  117. «Reaparición ante el público. Isabel Pantoja, la reina de la copla».
  118. Michael Ciani. «CCM Hall of Fame: Sandi Patty» (en inglés). thefish.com. Consultado el 10 de noviembre de 2011.
  119. "Jully Black has been called a lot of things. But she gets a good laugh at those who have called her the 'new queen of Canadian R&B'." in O'Brian, Amy (2007-11-22), «Black paves a new path for women in rhythm & blues; Canada's new queen of R&B? Who's the old one, asks trendsetter Jully Black», The Vancouver Sun: D.11 
  120. "In 1952, Kitty Wells was named the Queen Of Country Music by Fred Rose..." in Larkin, Colin (1992), The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, p. 2662, ISBN 1882267001, 9781882267002 
  121. "A crown, presented to the singer in 1973, is among the costumes, awards, mementos and other artefacts now on display in 'Kitty Wells, Queen of Country Music', a career-spanning biographical exhibit at Nashville's Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum running through next June." in Mazor, Barry (2008-10-01), «Music: The Queen of Country Music Holds Court», Wall Street Journal: D.9, ISSN 00999660 
  122. a b c "Queen of Country. The title has been bestowed on Dolly Parton, Reba McEntire, Loretta Lynn and a few other female country stars." in Proskocil, Niz (2008-08-07), «Who is the queen of country?», Omaha World - Herald: 11 
  123. If any long-running singer deserves to wear the crown, or at least the tiara, of Queen of Country, then surely it's the Coal Miner's Daughter herself, Loretta Lynn, right? Right. (Sorry, Dolly). «Queen for a day», Pantagraph: D.5, 2008-03-13 
  124. "Through massive record sales and live shows that take on a Bruce Springsteen-like endurance, McEntire has earned her unofficial moniker as 'The Queen of Country'." in Schaults, Janine (2009-05-20), «It's Reba, for a good cause», Chicago Tribune: 4, ISSN 10856706 
  125. "Although Gaynor was crowed the 'Queen of Disco' after dance floor favourites like "Honey Bee," "Never Can Say Goodbye" and "Casanova Brown"..." in P. Shapiro, Turn the Beat Around: The Secret History of Disco (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2006), p. 213.
  126. «Sylvester, Singer and Entertainer, Dies at 42», The New York Times, 1988-12-18, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE0D8173EF93BA25751C1A96E948260, consultado el 2009-03-15 
  127. Narasimham, M. L. (11 April 2008), The Hindu: Friday Review Hyderabad: Queen of folk music, Hindu Times, http://www.hindu.com/fr/2008/04/11/stories/2008041150360200.htm, consultado el 2008-07-31 
  128. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductee: Mahalia Jackson, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, http://web.archive.org/web/http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/mahalia-jackson, consultado el 2008-07-05 
  129. All Music: Mahalia Jackson, All Music, http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:kifqxqq5ldke~T50, consultado el 2008-07-05 
  130. "Recall that throughout most of the eighties and even into the nineties, Aaron was known as the queen of heavy-metal rock, the loudest, brashest and sexiest female rock belter this side of Janis Joplin." in Niester, Alan (2000-09-22), «Metal queen slips into something jazzy», The Globe and Mail: R.6, ISSN 03190714 
  131. "Beyond being the best-selling female hip hop artist to date, and often referred to as the queen of hip hop, what separates Missy Elliott is her ability to allow her aesthetic to speak for itself. She uses her artistry to transcend cultural norms in hip hop and in the music industry." in Hess, Mikey (2007), Icons of Hip Hop: An Encyclopedia of the Movement, Music, and Culture, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 503, ISBN 9780313339042 
  132. a b Reeves, Marcus (2009), Somebody Scream!: Rap Music's Rise to Prominence in the Aftershock of Black Power, Macmillan, pp. 143, 185, ISBN 9780865479975 
  133. "Universally known as the 'Queen of Hip Hop Soul' because of her frequent collaborations with rap artists and Hip Hop producers..." in" Bynoe, Yvonne (2006), Encyclopedia of rap and hip-hop culture, Greenwood Press, p. 32, ISBN 9780313330582 
  134. pandora artist: Ella Fitzgerald, pandora, http://www.pandora.com/music/artist/ella+fitzgerald, consultado el 2008-07-10 
  135. Story: Ella Fitzgerald, Npr, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10208984, consultado el 2008-07-10 
  136. "It is three years since she dissolved Destiny's Child after three albums and a run of award-winning hymns to womanly empowerment such as Survivor and Independent Woman; six since her duet with the Brooklyn rap demigod Jay-Z served notice to the world that America's foremost hip-hop star and its emerging queen of R&B were an item." in Paphides, Pete (2008-11-14), «Shy big sister by day... wild girl by night», The Times: 2, ISSN 01400460 
  137. With four Mobo nominations, Beyonce is the undisputed queen of R&B. Simpson, Eva; Hedley, Caroline (2006-08-16), «3AM: Mo contest for Beyonce», The Daily Mirror: 16 
  138. "Once again The Candy Store and Fresh City Promotions have pulled a major rabbit out of the hat with the launch party for the new album by Mary J Blige, the undisputed Queen of R&B, Growing Pains." in «Fresh party for Mary j's new album», The Plymouth Evening Herald: 2, 2008-02-15 
  139. In the wake of her 'Breakthrough' success, the reigning queen of R&B tries to please her many followers—but, most of all, herself. Vozick-Levinson, Simon (2007-12-21), «Mary J. Blige», Entertainment Weekly: 22, ISSN 10490434 
  140. "Years before Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross, and Etta James, Ruth reigned as the original queen of r&b. She achieved a distinctive sassy and streetwise style, which made her one of the most popular singers of her era. Her career has been so influential that Atlantic Records is sometimes referred too as 'the house that Ruth built' and for good reason." at Cotton, Nzgina (2008-04-07), «Ruth Brown: The Original Queen of r&b», New Nation: 22, ISSN 13657496 
  141. Years before Aretha Franklin was crowned Queen of Soul, Ruth Brown reigned as the original Queen of R&B. Jones, Steve (2006-11-20), «R&B diva for the ages», USA TODAY: D.1, ISSN 07347456 
  142. "The reigning 'queen of R&B,' as decreed by her backing vocalist (and opening act) Jermaine Paul and countless others, Keys owned the stage at a packed WaMu Theater, highlighting her elegant artistry and dynamic personality in a 90-minute set." in Toombs, Mikel (2008-09-22), «Superwoman Keys Earns Title Of R&B Queen», Seattle Post-Intelligencer: C.3, ISSN 0745970X 
  143. On Friday, the queen of R&B, Alicia Keys, took over RodeoHouston. Clark, Michael (2005-03-07), «Duff makes rodeo a pop event», Houston Chronicle: 5, ISSN 10747109 
  144. "A quarter of a century on, R&B reigning queen Janet Jackson is still on top of her game. It's no easy feat beating her brother Michael, the King of Pop, with six No. 1 albums under her belt. Was it just pure luck? We didn't think so." in Mak, Lennat, Janet Jackson - Discipline, MTV, http://web.archive.org/web/http://www.mtvasia.com/Review/CD/C20080307001638.html, consultado el 2009-03-07 
  145. Miss jackson to tour? R&B queen Janet Jackson will be the featured performer during the aol super bowl xxxviii halftime show, produced by mtv. Super bowl xxxviii will be held February 1 at reliant stadium in Houston and will air on cbs. Waddell, Ray (2004-01-10), «Indies: Survival Of The Fittest», Billboard 116 (2): 16, ISSN 00062510 
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  150. "Rave fave Rozalla has a Plymouth date. The Zambian-born singer, who has seven top 30 hits to her name, plays Zeros on Saturday, October 3. She enjoyed her biggest hits with Everybody's Free (number six) and Faith (11) in 1991. Her album, with the same title as the top 10 single, earned her the tag the Queen of Rave." in «'Queen of Rave' at Zeros», The Herald, September 22, 2009 
  151. "The queen of reinvention, Madonna, even named her 2004 world tour Reinvention." in Gallo, Carmine (2006), 10 Simple Secrets of the World's Greatest Business Communicators, Sourcebooks, p. 204, ISBN 9781402206962 
  152. The queen of reinvention has achieved the seemingly impossible yet again. «Spotlights: Singles», Billboard 117 (44): 69, 2005-10-29, ISSN 00062510 
  153. "Christina Aguilera has been the queen of reinvention throughout her decade in the music industry" in Kovacevic, Keely, Christina Aguilera biography, MTV, http://www.mtv.com.au/music/artists/christina-aguilera/#bio 
  154. Christina Aguilera has been the queen of reinvention throughout her decade in the music industry Terry, Laura (2009-02-05), Style Wars: Christina Aguilera Vs Lady GaGa, Female First UK, http://www.femalefirst.co.uk/lifestyle-fashion/stylecelebs/Christina+Aguilera-7180.html 
  155. "She is after all, the Queen of Reinvention." in Hess, Mikey (2007), Icons of hip hop: an encyclopedia of the movement, music, and culture, Volume 1, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 239, ISBN 9780313339035 
  156. "Janis Joplin found hers in Texas and left for the West Coast, there to become queen of rock and roll." in McNally, Dennis (2003), Desolate Angel: Jack Kerouac, the Beat Generation, and America, Da Capo Press, p. 316, ISBN 9780306812224 
  157. ...Janis Joplin, the nation's reigning queen of rock 'n' roll. Jackson, Buzzy (2005), A bad woman feeling good, W. W. Norton & Company, p. 81, ISBN 9780393059366 
  158. "...with Rolling Stone magazine dubbing Nicks, 'The Reigning Queen of Rock and Roll'." inBrackett, Donald (2007), Fleetwood Mac: 40 Years of Creative Chaos, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 159, ISBN 9780275993382 
  159. Take Edge of Seventeen, the elegy for John Lennon which launched the solo career of Stevie Nicks, queen of rock and roll and former better half of Fleetwood Mac. «Plucking the Same Old Strings», The Hindustan Times, 2009-02-06 
  160. "She is also known as 'Sister Ree,' 'Lady Soul' 'La Diva Franklin,' and 'The Queen of Soul.'" in Bego, Mark (2001), Aretha Franklin: The Queen of Soul, Da Capo Press, p. 6, ISBN 9780306809354 
  161. "Born August 19, 1954, in Kingsville, Texas, she is recognized as 'la reina de la onda Tejana' (the queen of Tejano music)." in Candelaria, Cordelia; Peter J. García (2004), Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 822, ISBN 9780313332111 
  162. "In a music heavily dominated by men, Lydia Mendoza, the First Queen of Tejano Music, stands out." in Dorian, Frederick; Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, James McConnachie, Richard Trillo, Orla Duane (2000), World Music: The Rough Guide, Rough Guides, p. 606, ISBN 9781858286365 
  163. Peña, Manuel H. (1999), Música tejana: the cultural economy of artistic transformation, Texas A&M University Press, p. 107, ISBN 9780890968888 
  164. Umm Kulthum, Al Mashriq, 2003-07-24, http://almashriq.hiof.no/egypt/700/780/umKoulthoum/, consultado el 2009-03-11 
  165. «'Queen of Salsa' dies». BBC News (17 de julio de 2003). Consultado el 29 de junio de 2010.
  166. «'La Reina del Reggaeton', La Caballota». Terra.
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  168. "Following her frequent trips to the US, she took to the black American music of Motown and was dubbed the White Queen of Soul." at Obituary: Cancer claims 'White Queen of Soul', BBC News, 1999-03-03, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/67646.stm, consultado el 2009-02-10 
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  201. a b "Rudy Ray Moore has been called the Godfather of Rap (a title that has also been used to describe sociopolitical soulster Gil Scott-Heron)." in Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra, John Bush, Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2003), All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul, Backbeat Books, p. 482, ISBN 9780879307448 
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  207. "This is the year of His Royal Badness! Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, he just dropped a new cd Musicology, and he is currently on a tour that is selling out multiple dates in major cities" in Prince: Royal Rocker Still Reigns After 25 Years Of Music, 105, Jet, 2004-04-26, p. 58, ISSN 00215996 
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  212. "Much later, as the reigning King of the Blues, BB would explain that the "blues isn't just some sad music about a broken heart, a busted dream, or a painful love affair. Blues is much more than any of these things. If I could pick three descriptions of it, I'd say it ain't nothing but living, laughing and loving." in Nazel, Joe (1998), B.B. King: King of the Blues, Holloway House Publishing, p. 60, ISBN 9780870677922 
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  214. "His nickname, 'The King of Country Music,' may sound a bit mawkish and old- fashioned, but, in many ways, it is remarkably accurate." in Wolfe, Charles K. (2001), Classic Country: Legends of Country Music, Routledge, p. 19, ISBN 9780415928274 
  215. "Stevie B was highly influential in the Latin freestyle and High-Energy dance music scene, mostly from Miami, of the late 1980s. Many referred to him as “The King of Freestyle” and is bestknown for his 1990 number one hit, “Because I Love You (The Postman Song)” off the “Love & Emotion” album." in King Of Freestyle, Stevie B, And Others Come To San Manuel, Black Voice News, 22 July 2009, http://www.midvalleynewsonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2202:manuel-indian-nation&catid=46:community-news&Itemid=189, consultado el 2009-09-17 
  216. "His North American breakthrough came in 1972, when he sang the role of Tonio in Donizetti's Daughter of the Regiment at New York's Metropolitan Opera. In his big number, "Pour mon ame", he had to sing nine high C's, a feat that virtually every tenor pulls off by singing falsetto. Not Pavarotti.... He was from then on known as 'The King of the High C's'." Enman, Charles (7 de septiembre de 2007). «The King of the High C's». Ottawa Citizen. Consultado el 5 de abril de 2009.
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  225. El rapero se llevó cuatro estatuillas de ocho nominaciones. Mejor disco rap es sólo uno de los galardones que se llevó este desconocido artista. ChileFunk Lil Wayne, el Rey Midas del Rap que arrasó en los Premios Grammy Consultado el 11 de agosto de 2010
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  239. "Just as millions of fans considered Selena the 'queen' of Tejano music, her closest male counterpart, Emilio Navaira, has often been called the "king" of Tejano music." in Hartman, Gary (2008), The history of Texas music, Texas A&M University Press, p. 52, ISBN 9781603440028 
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  252. "With his debut single "Run It," 16-year-old Chris Brown back-flipped his way into becoming the first male solo artist to release a song that went straight to No. 1. He was later crowned the Prince of R&B." in Celebrity Central: Chris Brown, People, http://www.people.com/people/chris_brown 
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  259. "...signature rifts, and it becomes clear why Aerosmith has been tagged 'America's Greatest Rock and Roll Band.' Few bands on the globe—forget just the United States—have accomplished what Aerosmith have. The band has sold more than 70 million albums worldwide and has won countless awards, including three Grammys. And, with a few exceptions, Aerosmith has delivered on its promise: to make music that strikes the listener in the heart, feet, soul and groin." in Walker, Don (1998-08-15), «Rock This Way: A Brief History of Roads Taken», Billbaord 110 (33): 20, ISSN 00062510 
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